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Vietnamese military ranks and insignia

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Title: Vietnamese military ranks and insignia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Vietnamese military ranks, People's Army of Vietnam, Vietnam People's Air Force, Military of Vietnam, Military ranks of Albania
Collection: Military of Vietnam, Military Ranks by Country
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Vietnamese military ranks and insignia

Vietnamese military ranks and insignia are specified by the National Assembly of Vietnam through Law on Vietnam People's Army Officer (No: 6-LCT/HĐNN7) on December 30, 1981.[1][2]

The Vietnam People's Army distinguishes three careerpaths: Officers (sĩ quan), non-commissioned officers (hạ sĩ quan), and enlisted members (chiến sĩ).

Because the shoulder insignia of all ranks are represented by an elongated pentagonal epaulette, they are, hence, either detailed or colour-coded to indicate rank, branch, as well as unit.

The shoulder epaulettes from those of enlisted soldiers to field officers are detailed with a silver crest with an encircled silver star. Those of generals and admirals have fully golden epaulettes with corresponding golden crests and encircled stars.

Ranks can show information about branches of military personnel.

Hem Color of the ranks can show branches:

  • Army (ground forces): red
  • Air Force/ Air defence: azure
  • Navy: dark-purple
  • Border Defence: green
  • Coast Guard: blue.

Army-Air Force-Navy ranks have background are yellow.

Border Defense Force's ranks have background is dark-green and hem color is red.

Coast Guard's ranks have background is blue and hem color is yellow.


  • Table of Ranks 1
  • Lapels 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Table of Ranks

Level Ranks Translation Ground Forces Air Force/Air Defence Navy Border Defense Coast Guard
General Officers
Sĩ quan cấp Tướng
Đại tướng
(reserved by law for the Minister of National Defence and, on occasion, the Chief of the General Staff and the head of the General Political Department)
General (literally "grand general")
Thượng tướng/
Đô đốc
(usually held by the Chief of the General Staff, the head of the General Political Department, and deputy ministers of national defence)
Colonel General (literally "upper general") /
Admiral (Navy)
Trung tướng/
Phó Đô đốc
(usually held by military district commanders and political commissars, commandant and political commissar of the navy, commandant and political commissar of the air force, commandant and political commissar of the Border Defence Force)
Lieutenant General (literally "middle general") /
Vice Admiral (Navy, Coast Guard)
Thiếu tướng/
Chuẩn Đô đốc
Major General (literally "lesser general") /
Rear Admiral (Navy, Coast Guard)
Field Grade Officers
Sĩ quan cấp Tá
Đại tá Senior Colonel/
Commodore (Navy, Coast Guard)
Thượng tá Colonel/
Captain (Navy, Coast Guard)
Trung tá Lieutenant Colonel/
Commander (Navy, Coast Guard)
Thiếu tá Major/
Lieutenant Commander (Navy, Coast Guard)
Company Grade Officers
Sĩ quan cấp Úy
Đại úy Captain/
Lieutenant (Navy, Coast Guard)
Thượng úy Senior Lieutenant/
Sub-lieutenant (Navy, Coast Guard)
Trung úy Lieutenant/
Lieutenant junior grade (Navy, Coast Guard)
Thiếu úy Junior Lieutenant/
Ensign (Navy, Coast Guard)
Officer cadets
Học viên Sĩ quan
Học viên Sĩ quan Officer Cadet
Non-Commissioned Officers
Hạ sĩ quan
Thượng sĩ Sergeant major/ Master sergeant/
Chief petty officer (Navy, Coast Guard)
Trung sĩ Sergeant/
Petty officer 1st class (Navy, Coast Guard)
Hạ sĩ Corporal/
Petty officer 2nd class (Navy, Coast Guard)
Chiến sĩ
Binh nhất Private 1st class, Airman 1st class, Seaman 1st class
Binh nhì Private, Airman, Seaman


Level Ground Forces Air Force Navy Border Defense Coast Guard
General Officers
Field Grade Officers
Company Grade Officers

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^

External links

  • (Vietnamese military and police ranks)
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