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Washington, Illinois

Washington, Illinois
Motto: "Your Pathway To Discovery; Enjoyment And Knowledge"
Country United States
State Illinois
County Tazewell
Township Washington
Elevation 757 ft (231 m)
Area 8.19 sq mi (21 km2)
 - land 8.18 sq mi (21 km2)
 - water 0.01 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 15,134 (2010)
Density 1,851.3 / sq mi (715 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 61571
Area code 309
Location of Washington within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons:
Website: City Website

Washington is a city in Tazewell County, Illinois, United States. Washington is the city east of East Peoria on US Route 24. The population was 15,134 at the 2010 census, a 39.6 percent increase over 2000.[1]


  • History 1
  • 2013 tornado 2
  • Geography 3
  • Climate 4
  • Schools 5
  • Transportation 6
  • Religion 7
  • Demographics 8
  • Employment 9
  • Education 10
  • Annual events 11
  • Notable people 12
  • See also 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15


Washington was founded in 1825[2] by William Holland, Sr., who came from North Carolina and was hired by the U.S. government to provide blacksmith services to the local

  • Washington Community High School District #308
  • Washington Grade School District #50 (Beverly Manor)
  • Washington Grade School District #51 (Central)
  • Washington Grade School District #52 (Lincoln)
  • Saint Patrick's Catholic Grade School
  • City of Washington
  • Washington Chamber of Commerce
  • Five Points Community Center
  • Washington Park District
  • Washington District Library
  • Washington Historical Society

External links

  1. ^ Washington (City) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  2. ^ a b c Callary, Edward. 2009. Place Names of Illinois. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, p. 366.
  3. ^ George Heyl
  4. ^ Fulton County Tourism
  5. ^ German POWs
  6. ^ Five Points Washington
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Steve Stein (January 5, 2014). "Army vet injured in tornado dies". Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  9. ^ "Tornado in Washington claims one life, injures dozens".   (Warning: Site uses popup ads.)
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  11. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  15. ^ "DP-3. Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000: Washington city, Illinois".  
  16. ^ "Washington Community Profile". Washington Chamber of Commerce. 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  17. ^ GPSHOF Inductee Mark Dennis
  18. ^ New Jersey Nets 1983 - 1986GPSHOF Inductee Doug Lee
  19. ^ "Mark R. Warner". 
  20. ^ Mark Warner Timeline


See also

Notable people

  • Good Neighbor Days, previously called the Cherry Festival.
  • Memorial Day Parade
  • Take Pride in Washington Day
  • Veterans Day Parade

Annual events

Tazewell County's cooperation is (TCSEA) Tri-City Special Education Association. Tazewell County does have Special Education Services.


Organization Business type Approx.
Washington school districts (combined) education 425
Washington Christian Village elderly care 125
City of Washington local government 80
Washington Park District parks and recreation entity 76
Employers - Services and institutions
Company name Business type Approx.
Wal-Mart Supercenter general merchandise 340
Uftring Chevrolet-Saab automobile sales and service 105
Kroger grocer 90
Lindy's Downtown Market grocer 54
Employers - Retailers
Company name Business type Approx.
Illinois Valley Plastics molded components 100
BTD Manufacturing metal fabrication 70
American Allied Railway Equipment rail wheels and brakes 66
WICC, Ltd. electrical components 41
RP Short Run printing and graphics 36
Global Fire Equipment/MES fire trucks, apparatus 36
Akron Brass fire fighting equipment 26
Employers - Manufacturers and distributor
Category percentage
Management and professional 38.3%
Service 13.3%
Sales and office 27.5%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 0.1%
Construction, extraction, and maintenance 8.1%
Production, transportation, and material moving 12.8%
Employment by occupation category

The Washington Chamber of Commerce lists the following information about employers:[16]

As of 2000, 66.8% of people aged 16 and over were employed in the civilian labor force, 2.8% were "unemployed" in the civilian work force, 0.1% were in the armed forces, and 30.3% were not in the labor force. Average travel time to work for Washington residents was 21.5 min.[15]


The median income for a household in the city was $52,210, and the median income for a family was $61,184. Males had a median income of $44,896 versus $26,035 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,231. About 2.8% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

There were 4,189 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.02.

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 10,841 people, 4,189 households, and 3,091 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,450.0 people per square mile (559.6/km²). There were 4,403 housing units at an average density of 588.9 per square mile (227.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.36% White, 0.26% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.


Washington's religions are Apostolic, Catholic, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Community, Baptist, Faith, and Methodist.


U.S. Route 24 runs east-west outside of Washington. Business U.S. 24 runs through the downtown square of Washington.


District 308 is Washington Community High School and has about 1,400 students in attendance. District 308 contains three elementary public school districts: District 50 (Beverly Manor), 51 (Central), and 52 (which consists of Lincoln Grade and Washington Middle school) as well as St. Patrick's Catholic Grade School.


Washington has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), with cold, snowy winters, and hot, humid summers. Monthly daily mean temperatures range from 22.5 °F (−5.3 °C) to 75.2 °F (24.0 °C). Snowfall is common in the winter, averaging 26.3 inches (67 cm), but this figure varies considerably for different years. Precipitation, averaging at 36 inches (914 mm), peaks in the spring and summer, and is the least in winter. Extremes have ranged from −27 °F (−33 °C) in January 1884 to 113 °F (45 °C) in July 1936.


Washington is located at (40.7039, -89.4206).[10] According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 8.19 square miles (21.2 km2), of which 8.18 square miles (21.2 km2) (or 99.88%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) (or 0.12%) is water.[11]


[9] One of the two

Damage to houses and trees shortly after the 11-17-2013 tornado.

2013 tornado

A new assisted living center for seniors was opened in early 2008, across the street from the Washington Christian Village.

A new community center, named Five Points Washington, opened in October 2007. The facility houses the Washington Public Library, a performing arts center, swimming pools, fitness center, and banquet center.[6]

Years later when the Libby plant burned, they found a U.S. Army rifle issued to a soldier who was a guard. It was reported missing, and suspected hidden by a prisoner.

The prisoners were allowed no visitors, nor could residents speak to the prisoners. An exception was made for local ministers, such as Pastor Kammeyer from St. Mark's Lutheran who spoke fluent German and ministered to the POWs spiritual needs.

They were trucked from the camp to various local farms to help with the pumpkin harvest. Once a POW jumped from a truck going down South Main Street and was almost shot before the guard realized he was just trying to retrieve his hat which had blown off.

The POWs were brought in on the old rail line that ran down Wood Street (the foundation of a sentry tower can be seen just northeast of the intersection of Wood and Jefferson near the entrance to the bike trail).

Captain Cox at one point in the war commanded the 1613th Service Command Unit, detachment 5 guarding German POWs at the Mayo hospital in Galesburg.[5]

The solution was to bring in 50 captured German soldiers from the prisoner of war camp known as Camp Ellis in Fulton County[4] The Washington sub-camp was first commanded by Colonel John S. Sullivan, and later by Captain T. A. Cox.

Another local site of interest is the "old canning factory", which is now occupied by American Allied Railway Equipment Company Inc. In 1943, the canning factory (which after the war was run by the Libby's company) had a shortage of workers, and the government needed K rations and canned goods to feed the troops.

In the 1920s, a man named George Heyl put Washington on the map as the home of the famous Heyl Pony Farm.[3] Some of the original barns still exist on North Main Street. The Heyl Pony Farm supplied Shetland ponies to buyers around the world; George Heyl also raised pure bred poultry. When George Heyl died suddenly in 1932, it was recorded as one of the largest funerals ever held in Washington.


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