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Washington County, New York

Washington County, New York
Seal of Washington County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded March 12, 1772
Named for George Washington
Seat Fort Edward
Largest town Kingsbury
Area
 • Total 846 sq mi (2,191 km2)
 • Land 836 sq mi (2,165 km2)
 • Water 10 sq mi (26 km2), 1.23%
Population
 • (2010) 63,216
 • Density 75/sq mi (29.1/km²)
Congressional district 21st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .us.ny.washington.cowww

Washington County is a George Washington.

Washington County is part of the Glens Falls, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Albany-Schenectady, NY Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Historic sites 1.1
  • Notable people 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
  • Demographics 4
  • Communities 5
  • Transportation 6
    • Airports 6.1
  • See also 7
  • Footnotes 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10
    • History 10.1
    • Watershed/Conservancy 10.2
    • State agencies 10.3
    • Museums 10.4
    • Tourism 10.5

History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Washington County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. The other two were called Tryon County (later renamed Montgomery County) and Charlotte County.

In 1784, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to honor American Revolutionary War general and later President of the United States of America.

In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York State.

In 1791, the Town of Cambridge was transferred from Albany County to Washington County.

In 1813, Warren County was split off from Washington County.[3]

In 1994, with the completion of the new municipal center, the county seat was moved from Hudson Falls to Fort Edward.

In 2006, Cambridge Town Supervisor Jo Ann Trinkle made history by becoming the first Chairwoman of the Board of Supervisors.

Historic sites

Washington County has four historic covered bridges, each listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

Including those, it has a total of 35 sites listed on the National Register. The Lemuel Haynes House is further designated to be a National Historic Landmark.

Notable people

Geography

A map of the Appalachian Mountains, highlighting the Great Appalachian Valley. The main mountain regions on either side are named, as are the various local valleys.

Washington County is a long narrow county located in the northeastern section of the State. It is known for its rich valley farm land and is part of the Great Appalachian Valley (also known simply as the 'Great Valley') which is a long narrow valley strip often between tall mountain ranges. The county transitions from the Taconic Mountains to the Adirondack Mountains, and from the Lake Champlain Valley to Hudson River Valley.

Much of the county is part of the slate valley of the Upper Lake George.

Washington County belongs to the following valleys and watersheds: Mettawee River, and then flow into the Saint Lawrence River (Kaniatarowanenneh). These waters mingle in the Saint Lawrence with waters of all the Great Lakes as they flow northeast into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, and ultimately join the Atlantic Ocean. Meanwhile, the remainder of waters drain south via the Hudson River (Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk or Muhheakantuck), and ultimately flow south into the Atlantic Ocean below New York City. See the approximation of the watershed divide mapped in context of mountains [1] and valleys [2].

Orogenies of the northeast United States

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 846 square miles (2,191 km²), of which 835 square miles (2,164 km²) is land and 10 square miles (27 km²) (1.23%) is water.[7] However, nearly half of its borders are by long bodies of water. Winding across the bottom of the county is the legendary Batten Kill (Dionondehowa), famous for its worldclass flyfishing, and its marvelous falls (near the Washington County fairgrounds).

Granville is known as the colored slate capital of the world. Geographically Washington County figured prominently in the underground railroad, with many crucial stops.

Adirondacks, Taconic Mountains and Green Mountains. Willard Mountain is a ski slope in southern part of the county.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 61,042 people, 22,458 households, and 15,787 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 26,794 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.97% White, 2.92% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.5% were of Irish, 14.1% French, 12.1% English, 11.1% American, 9.0% Italian and 7.7% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 1.4% Spanish as their first language.

There were 22,458 households out of which 33.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 105.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,668, and the median income for a family was $43,500. Males had a median income of $31,537 versus $22,160 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,958. About 6.80% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

New York State Route 22 passing through Washington County

Transportation

Airports

The following public use airports are located in the county:[10]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ History of Warren County, edited by H. P. Smith - Chapter XVI: To the Present Time
  4. ^ Twelve Years a Slave
  5. ^ EPA.gov/
  6. ^ EPA.gov/
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  10. ^ Washington County Public and Private Airports, New York. Retrieved June 14, 2013.

Further reading

  • Crisfield Johnson, History of Washington County, New York: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Philadelphia: Everts and Ensign, 1878.
  • William Leete Stone, Washington County, New York: Its History to the Close of the Nineteenth Century. New York: New York History Co., 1901.
  • History and Biography of Washington County and the Town of Queensbury, New York: With Historical Notes on the Various Towns. Richmond, IN: Gresham Publishing Co., 1894.

External links

  • Washington County, New York; Official Website
  • Washington County
  • Washington County at DMOZ

History

  • Political history/notable people of Washington County
  • Richard Clayton Photography Vintage Washington County, New York and area photos
  • Old Landowners Map of Washington County
  • Twelve Years a Slave at Internet Archive (scanned books original editions color illustrated)

Watershed/Conservancy

  • Lake George Watershed -- 02010001 Northern Hebron's north-draining waters
  • Hudson-Hoosic Watershed -- 02020003 Hebron's south-draining waters
  • Mountains of Northern Appalachians Thick red line shows approx watershed divide
  • Watershed divide Map of Champlain/Hudson valley divide w/Taconics
  • Association for the Protection of the Adirondacks
  • Adirondack Council
  • Residents' Committee to Protect the Adirondacks
  • Adirondack Mountain Club (ADK)
  • Poultney Mettowee Watershed Partnership
  • Lake George Land Conservancy
  • Hudson River Watershed Alliance
  • Battenkill Conservancy
  • Battenkill Watershed Council

State agencies

  • NYS Adirondack Park Agency - Extensive park information
  • Adirondack Park Visitor Interpretive Centers

Museums

  • Hyde Collection Art Museum, Historic House & Gardens
  • Rexleigh Covered Bridge Museum
  • Georgi Museum European Art
  • Slate Valley Museum
  • Rathbuns Maple Sugar House Museum and Restaurant
  • Hicks Orchard
  • Pember Library and Museum

Tourism

  • Covered Bridge Tour
  • Shushan Covered Bridge (official site?)
  • Shushan Bridge, at New York State Covered Bridge Society
  • Shushan Bridge, at Covered Bridges of the Northeast USA, a website developed by Hank Brickel

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