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Waste by country

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Title: Waste by country  
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Waste by country

Waste, unwanted or unusable material, varies in type and quantity in the different countries around the world.

Contents

  • Developed nations 1
  • Developing nations 2
  • Transboundary issues with waste 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Developed nations

Developed countries produce more waste per capita because they have higher levels of consumption. There are higher proportions of plastics, metals, and paper in the municipal solid waste stream and there are higher labour costs.[1] As countries continue developing, there is a reduction in biological solid waste and ash.[2] Per capita waste generation in OECD countries has increased by 14% since 1990, and 35% since 1980.[3] Waste generation generally grows at a rate slightly lower than GDP in these countries. Developed countries consume more than 60% of the world industrial raw materials and only comprise 22% of the world's population.[4] As a nation, Americans generate more waste than any other nation in the world with 4.5 pounds (2.04 kg) of municipal solid waste (MSW) per person per day, fifty five percent of which is contributed as residential garbage.[5]

Developing nations

  • Municipal waste generation by country
  • Global comparison of garbage 2012, The Economist Daily chart blog

External links

  1. ^ a b "Solid Waste Management." 2005. United Nations Environment Programme. Chapter III: Waste Quantities and Characteristics, 31-38. .
  2. ^ Diaz, L. et al. Solid Waste Management, Volume 2. UNEP/Earthprint, 2006.
  3. ^ "Improving Recycling Markets." OECD Environment Program. Paris: OECD, 2006.
  4. ^ a b Baker, Elaine et al. “Vital Waste Graphics.” United Nations Environment Program and Grid-Arendal, 2004. < http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/waste/page/2853.aspx >.
  5. ^ March 2008, Cashing in on Climate Change, IBISWorld

References

See also

Electronic waste is commonly shipped to developing countries for recycling, reuse or disposal. The Basel Convention is a Multilateral Environmental Agreement to prevent problematic waste disposal in countries that have weaker environmental protection laws. The Convention has not prevented the formation of e-waste villages.

Waste is shipped between countries for disposal and this can create problems in the target country.

Transboundary issues with waste

[4] grows faster than urban populations because of increasing consumption and shortening product life spans.municipal solid waste Labour costs are relatively low but waste management is generally a higher proportion of municipal expenditure. As urbanization continues, [1]

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