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Wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh

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Wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh

Wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh on their wedding day.
Date 20 November 1947, 11:30 GMT
Location Westminster Abbey, London, England
Participants Princess Elizabeth and Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

The wedding of Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh took place on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey in London.

Engagement

[4] Their engagement was officially announced on 9 July 1947.[5]

The marriage was formally consented to by the King in his British Privy Council, as per the Royal Marriages Act 1772. The same was done in Canada at a meeting of the King's Canadian Privy Council, with the Chief Justice, Thibaudeau Rinfret, standing in as deputy to the King's representative, the Governor General of Canada.[n 1][6]

Before the marriage, Philip renounced his Greek and Danish titles, converted from style His Royal Highness and, on the morning of the wedding, 20 November 1947, he was made the Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth, and Baron Greenwich of Greenwich in the County of London.[8]

Wedding

Princess Elizabeth and Philip were married at 11:30 GMT on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey.[9]

Princess Elizabeth was attended by eight bridesmaids: HRH The Princess Margaret (her younger sister), HRH Princess Alexandra of Kent (her first cousin), Lady Caroline Montagu-Douglas-Scott (daughter of the Duke of Buccleuch), Lady Mary Cambridge (her second cousin), Lady Elizabeth Lambart (daughter of the Earl of Cavan), The Hon. Pamela Mountbatten (Philip's first cousin), The Hon. Margaret Elphinstone (her first cousin) and The Hon. Diana Bowes-Lyon (her first cousin).[9] Her cousins Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Michael of Kent served as page boys.[9]

The royal parties were brought in large carriage processions, the first with The Queen and Princess Margaret and later a procession with Queen Mary.[10] At Irish State Coach.[9]

The wedding ceremony was officiated by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, and the Archbishop of York, Cyril Garbett. The ceremony was recorded and broadcast by BBC Radio to 200 million people around the world.[11] Elizabeth and Philip then proceeded to Buckingham Palace, where a breakfast was held at the Ball Supper-room.[9] The couple received over 2,500 wedding presents from around the world and around 10,000 telegrams of congratulations.[9]

Upon their marriage, Elizabeth took the title of her husband and became Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh. They departed for their honeymoon in Broadlands in Hampshire, home of Philip's uncle, Earl Mountbatten.[12]

Clothing

On the morning of her wedding, as Princess Elizabeth was getting dressed at tiara snapped. Luckily the court jeweller was standing by in case of emergency. The jeweller was rushed to his work room by a police escort. Queen Elizabeth reassured her daughter that it would be fixed in time, and it was. For her wedding dress she still required ration coupons to buy the material for her gown, designed by Norman Hartnell.[13] Elizabeth did her own makeup for the wedding.[14]

Music

The director of music for the wedding was the [17]

Guests

Immediate family

The bride's family

The groom's family

  • Princess Nicholas of Greece, widow of the groom's paternal uncle
  • Princess Christopher of Greece, widow of the groom's paternal uncle
  • Queen Alexandrine of Denmark, widow of the groom's first cousin, once removed
  • Prince and Princess Harald of Denmark, the groom's first cousin, once removed, and his wife
  • Duchess of Västergötland, the groom's first cousin, once removed, and his wife
    • Prince Carl and Princess Elsa Bernadotte, the groom's second cousin and his first wife
      • Countess Madeleine Bernadotte, the groom's third cousin
  • Princess Dagmar, Mrs Castenskjold and Mr Jørgen Castenskjold, the groom's first cousin, once removed, and her husband
  • Princess Axel of Denmark, wife of the groom's first cousin, once removed
  • , the groom's first cousin, once removed
  • Princess René of Bourbon-Parma, the groom's first cousin, once removed
  • Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain, the groom's first cousin, once removed and the bride's first cousin twiced removed
  • Close relatives

    Other foreign royalty

    Iraq:

    Yugoslavia:

    The Netherlands:

    Belgium:

    Luxembourg:

    Absentees

    In post-war Britain, it was not acceptable for the Duke of Edinburgh's German relations to be invited to the wedding, including Philip's three surviving sisters.[18] Other notable absentees were the Duke of Windsor, the former king, who was not invited, and his sister, Mary, Princess Royal, who said she was ill. (Her husband, Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood, had died 6 months previous). Ronald Storrs claimed that the Countess of Harewood did not attend in protest at her brother's exclusion.[19]

    Notes

    1. ^ George VI had invited Prime Minister of Canada William Lyon Mackenzie King to attend the meeting of the British Privy Council, but King declined and held the meeting of the Canadian Privy Council so as to illustrate the separation between Canada's Crown and that of the UK.

    Footnotes

    1. ^ Brandreth, pp. 133–139; Lacey, pp. 124–125; Pimlott, p. 86
    2. ^ Bond, p. 10; Brandreth, pp. 132–136, 166–169; Lacey, pp. 119, 126, 135
    3. ^
    4. ^ Brandreth, p. 183
    5. ^ Heald, p. 77
    6. ^
    7. ^ Hoey, pp. 55–56; Pimlott, pp. 101, 137
    8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 38128. p. 5495. 21 November 1947.
    9. ^ a b c d e f
    10. ^ a b
    11. ^ Heald, p. 86
    12. ^
    13. ^ Hoey, p. 58; Pimlott, pp. 133–134
    14. ^
    15. ^
    16. ^ , The Church Hymnal Corporation 1994 (p. 1218The Hymnal 1982 Companion: Volume Three BGlover, Raymond F, )
    17. ^ Westminster Abbey > History > Royals & the Abbey > Weddings: Elizabeth, Princess (later Queen Elizabeth II) & HRH the Duke of Edinburgh
    18. ^ Hoey, p. 59; Petropoulos, p. 363
    19. ^ Bradford, p. 424

    References

    • Bond, Jennie (2006). Elizabeth: Eighty Glorious Years. London: Carlton Publishing Group. ISBN 1-84442-260-7
    • Bradford, Sarah (1989). King George VI. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-79667-4
    • Brandreth, Gyles (2004). Philip and Elizabeth: Portrait of a Marriage. London: Century. ISBN 0-7126-6103-4
    • Heald, Tim (2007). Princess Margaret: A Life Unravelled. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-84820-2
    • Hoey, Brian (2002). Her Majesty: Fifty Regal Years. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-653136-9
    • Lacey, Robert (2002). Royal: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. London: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-85940-0
    • Petropoulos, Jonathan (2006). Royals and the Reich: the princes von Hessen in Nazi Germany. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-516133-5
    • Pimlott, Ben (2001). The Queen: Elizabeth II and the Monarchy. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-255494-1
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