World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Wenchuan County

Article Id: WHEBN0017380178
Reproduction Date:

Title: Wenchuan County  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 2008 Sichuan earthquake, Wolong National Nature Reserve, Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County, Shifang, Qionglai Mountains
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Wenchuan County

Wenchuan County
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Simplified 汶川县
 • Traditional 汶川縣
 • Pinyin Wènchuān Xiàn
 • Tibetan ལུང་དགུ་རྫོང་།
Street view of Yingxiu town, July 2005
Street view of Yingxiu town, July 2005
Wenchuan (red) in Ngawa Prefecture (yellow), Sichuan province, and the PRC
Wenchuan (red) in Ngawa Prefecture (yellow), Sichuan province, and the PRC
Wenchuan is located in Sichuan
Location in Sichuan
Country People's Republic of China
Province Sichuan
Prefecture Ngawa
County seat Weizhou
 • Total 4,084 km2 (1,577 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 106,119
 • Density 26/km2 (67/sq mi)
 • Major nationalities Han - 46%
Qiang - 34%
Tibetan - 18.6%
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 623000
Area code(s) 0837

Wenchuan County (Chinese: 汶川县; pinyin: Wènchuān Xiàn, Tibetan: ལུང་དགུ་རྫོང༌།, ZYPY: Lunggu Zong) is a county in Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

This county has an area of 4,084 square kilometres (1,577 sq mi) and a population of 106,119 as of 2005.[1]

Wolong National Nature Reserve is a protected area located in Wenchuan County, which houses more than 150 highly endangered giant pandas. The Wolong Special Administrative Region is also located here.

The area was the site of the epicentre and one of the most severely hit areas of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake (or Wenchuan earthquake).

Wenchuan earthquake

On May 12, 2008, the area was the site of the epicentre and one of the most severely hit areas of the great Sichuan, or Wenchuan, earthquake (汶川地震). In Chinese, the earthquake is named after the county, making its name resonate across the nation. In the county, 15,941 people were dead, 34,583 injured, and 7,474 still missing as of June 6, 2008.[2][3]

Wenchuan was at the center of one of two areas where seismic intensity were the highest at XI liedu during this earthquake.[4] Since the earthquake, the central government has increased fortification intensity for seismic design for this area from VII to VIII.[5]


The rebuilt Wenchuan

Wenchuan County has six towns and seven townships:[6]



  1. ^ (Chinese) Profile of Wenchuan County, official website of Wenchuan County Government, visited on May 12, 2008.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ (Chinese) Profile of Wenchuan County, visited on May 25, 2008.

External links

  • Official website of Wenchuan County Government
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.