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Werner Streib

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Werner Streib

Werner Streib
Werner Streib
Born (1911-06-13)13 June 1911
Pforzheim
Died 15 June 1986(1986-06-15) (aged 75)
München
Buried at München, Ostfriedhof
Plot 41—Row 1—Grave 5
Allegiance  Nazi Germany (to 1945)
 West Germany
Service/branch Heer (1934–35)
Luftwaffe (1935–45)
German Air Force (1956–66)
Years of service 1934–45
1956–66
Rank Oberst
Brigadegeneral
Unit NJG 1
Commands held NJG 1
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
Other work Bundeswehr

Werner Streib (13 June 1911 – 15 June 1986) was a German Luftwaffe fighter ace during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Military career

Often called 'Father of the Nachtjagd' Streib helped develop the operational tactics used by the Nachtjagd during the early to mid-war years, and along with the likes of Wolfgang Falck made the Luftwaffe's nightfighter arm an effective fighting force against the Royal Air Force (RAF) bombing offensive. He is mentioned in the book "Almost a lifetime" by John McMahon when he, shot down John's Lancaster, killing all but John.

Werner Streib was born on 13 June 1911 in Pforzheim Germany. After a spell in banking and finance, he joined the Wehrmacht as an infantryman. A transfer to the Luftwaffe, as an observer in a reconnaissance unit followed, and later he trained as a fighter pilot. In 1937, he was assigned to Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen" at Jüterbog-Damm. He then became a Messerschmitt Bf-110 Zerstörer pilot in Wolfgang Falck's Zerstörergeschwader 1 as the war began.

His first victory and only daylight victory was over a RAF Bristol Blenheim on 10 May 1940. In May 1940 the creation of the Nachtjagd was commenced, and on 20 July, as part of 2./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 (NJG 1), Werner Streib claimed his first night victory (and the first official Nachtjagd victory) over a RAF Whitley.

By October 1940 Streib was commanding of I gruppe, NJG 1, based at Venlo, Netherlands in order to more easily intercept the known RAF bomber routes into targets in the Ruhr. He would be awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 6 October 1940 as an Oberleutnant with eight victories claimed. By May 1941 he had 26 confirmed victories. He was awarded the Oak Leaves to his Knights Cross on 26 February 1943 as a Major and Geschwaderkommodore (wing commander) of NJG 1 with 42 confirmed victories.

Heinkel He 219

On the night of 11–12 June 1943, Werner Streib flew a prototype version of the Heinkel He 219 and claimed to have shot down 5 Lancaster bombers within just 30 minutes. However, when returning to Venlo Streib misjudged the landing approach and used the flaps at too high a speed. The Heinkel crashed and was written off on upon landing, Streib and his Bordfunker (radio or wireless operator) escaping with slight injuries.

On 11 March 1944 he was awarded the Swords to his Knights Cross for 66 confirmed victories.

On 23 March 1944 he was made Inspector of Night Fighters and he would stay in this post as Oberst until the end of the war.

Werner Streib was officially credited with shooting down 66 enemy aircraft, with 65 claimed at night.[Notes 1] He was the first night fighter pilot to be honoured with the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.

After the war he worked in the grocery business before joining the Bundeswehr on 16 March 1956. Streib was asked to testify in the aftermaths of the 1961 F-84 Thunderstreak incident.[1] For three years he commanded the pilot school A in Landsberg am Lech, equipped with the T-6 Texan was responsible for training the beginner pilots in the Luftwaffe. Brigadegeneral Streib's military career ended with his retirement on 31 March 1966. His last position was Inspizient Fliegende Verbände (Inspector of Flying Forces).

He died on 15 June 1986 and is buried in Munich, Germany.

Awards

References in the Wehrmachtbericht

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Tuesday, 1 October 1940 Als Nachtjäger zeichnete sich Oberleutnant Streit ganz besonders aus.[Notes 2] Er brachte allein drei feindliche Flugzeuge zum Absturz.[8] Oberleutnant Streib distinguished himself as a night fighter pilot. He alone brought down three enemy aircraft.
Saturday, 15 March 1941 Bei Nachtjagd schoß Hauptmann Streib seinen zehnten Gegner ab.[9] Hauptmann Streib shot down his tenth opponent as a night fighter.
Saturday, 5 July 1941 Hauptmann Streib errang in der Nacht zum 4. Juli seinen 15. Nachtjagdsieg.[10] Hauptmann Streib achieved his 15th nocturnal aerial victory in the night to July 4th.
Sunday, 31 May 1942 Ein Nachtjagdverband unter Führung des Generalleutnants Kammhuber erzielte hierbei seinen 600. Nachtjagdabschuß, Hauptmann Streib seinen 25. und 26. und Oberleutnant Knacke seinen 20. Nachtjagdsieg.[11] A night fighter unit under the leadership of Generalleutnant Kammhuber achieved hereby their 600th aerial victory at night, Hauptmann Streib achieved his 25th and 26th and Oberleutnant Knacke his 20th nocturnal aerial victory.

Notes

  1. ^ For a list of Luftwaffe night fighter aces see List of German World War II night fighter aces
  2. ^ The misspelling of his last name is intentional since this is how it appeared in the Wehrmachtbericht.

References

Citations
  1. ^ """Der Fall Barth Die Geschichte der "Bier-Order 61. Der Spiegel (in German) 12. 1963. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Thomas 1998, p. 361.
  3. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 464.
  4. ^ a b c Scherzer 2007, p. 730.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 414.
  6. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 66.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 42.
  8. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 317.
  9. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 446.
  10. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 607.
  11. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 146.
Bibliography

External links

  • "Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945". Werner Streib (in German). Retrieved 27 April 2007. 
  • """Der Fall Barth Die Geschichte der "Bier-Order 61. Der Spiegel (in German) 12. 1963. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Oberst Wolfgang Falck
Commander of Nachtjagdgeschwader 1
1 July 1943 – March 1944
Succeeded by
Oberleutnant Hans-Joachim Jabs
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