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Werneth, Greater Manchester

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Title: Werneth, Greater Manchester  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Oldham, History of Oldham, Platt Brothers, Westwood, Greater Manchester, Glodwick
Collection: Areas of Greater Manchester, Areas of Oldham, Geography of Oldham Borough
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Werneth, Greater Manchester

Werneth

Booth House is the former headquarters of the Platt Brothers
Werneth is located in Greater Manchester
Werneth
 Werneth shown within Greater Manchester
Population 12,348 (Werneth Ward 2011)
OS grid reference
Metropolitan borough Oldham
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town OLDHAM
Postcode district OL9
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Oldham West and Royton
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Werneth is an area of Oldham, in Greater Manchester, England. It is 1 mile (1.6 km) west-southwest of Oldham's commercial centre and one of its most ancient localities. It is contiguous with Westwood, Hollinwood, Hollins and Chadderton. Werneth includes the neighbourhood known as Freehold between Werneth Park and Oldham's border with Chadderton at Block Lane.

Werneth is the most ethnicically diverse ward in Oldham where only 22.1% of residents are white British and 71.2% are Asian.


Contents

  • History 1
    • Industrial Revolution 1.1
    • Werneth Fire Station (1864 -1987) 1.2
  • Governance 2
  • Geography and geology 3
  • References 4
    • Bibliography 4.1
  • External links 5

History

Werneth Junior School Tower
St Thomas's Church, Werneth
Frederick Street, opposite Werneth Park
St John's Church
Manchester Street, Werneth

The name Werneth is ancient and derives from a Celtic personal name identical to the Gaulish vernetum, the survival of placenames derived from Celtic personal names is rare in England outside Cornwall.[1]

In the reign of Henry III, the manor of Oldham was held by Alwardus de Aldholme who held land in Werneth (Vernet) and lived at Werneth Hall. The manor passed to the Cudworths by marriage and was later sold to Sir Ralph Assheton of Middleton. After passing through several owners the Lees family of Oldham bought it for £30,000 in 1794.[2]

Joseph Jones (1782-1858) of Wallshaw Mill,was the first alderman elected for the Werneth Ward of Oldham Council. He was a Conservative and was "elbowed" out in 1852 after which he retired to Severn Stoke in Worcestershire.[3]

Industrial Revolution

Werneth was an industrial district and from the 19th century was the location of the Platt Brothers works. The engineering company made cotton-spinning machinery for the many mills in Oldham and south Lancashire. Platt Brothers business headquarters were close to Oldham Werneth railway station which has now closed.

Prosperity in the area brought civic development and a significant part of Werneth became Oldham's "grand west end" with large mansions.[4] This part of Werneth is known as Coppice.

Werneth Fire Station (1864 -1987)

In 1864 at a cost of £932 Werneth's first fire engine house opened in John St. It was equipped with a nine-inch manual pump purchased from John Hall of Oldham. It was manned by police doing auxiliary fireman work with lamplighters or anyone available as pumpers for sixpence per hour plus liquid refreshments. In 1898 a new station opened on Manchester Rd which was built to plans by Messrs Winder and Taylor, architects of Oldham. It had "the latest improvements and conveniences of firemen’s dwellings which were a special feature at this period and every accommodation will provide for the mental and physical recreation of the men during their leisure hours." The firemen’s dwellings on Frederick St remain standing. On 1 April 1948 the station become part of Oldham Fire Brigade and on 1 April 1974 became part of Greater Manchester Fire Service with a new call sign - C34. Werneth Fire station closed in 1981 and the building was demolished in 1987.[5][6]

Governance

Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire since the early 12th century, Werneth was recorded in 1212 as one of five parts of the thegnage estate of Kaskenmoor held on behalf of King John by Roger de Montbegon and William de Nevill.[7] The other parts were Crompton, Glodwick, Oldham and Sholver. Werneth was part of the township of Oldham, in the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Prestwich-cum-Oldham, in the hundred of Salford.[7]

Geography and geology

Werneth covers about 100 acres and its geology consists of the coal measures of the Oldham Coalfield which were exploited by several early collieries and sandstone was quarried.[2]

References

  1. ^ Bateson, p. 3
  2. ^ a b Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Werneth", 'Weobley - Westby', in A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online): 513–517, retrieved 15 October 2015 
  3. ^ Jo Roche Abberley Hall and Clock Tower n.d. p6
  4. ^ Criddle 2002, p. 602.
  5. ^ https:/s.google.com/oldhamfirebrigade//fire-stations
  6. ^ http://www.firestations.org.uk/Station_Details.php?stn=Werneth%20(Oldham)%20old%20fire%20station%20site&lat=53.535107&lon=-2.131069
  7. ^ a b Brownbill & Farrer 1911, pp. 92–108.

Bibliography

  • Bateson, Hartley (1949), A Centenary History of Oldham,  
  • Brownbill, J; William Farrer (1911), A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5, Victoria County History,  
  • Criddle, Byron; Waller, Robert (2002),  

External links

  • wernethischanging.co.uk, website about the urban renewal of Werneth.


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