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West Bromwich (UK Parliament constituency)

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Title: West Bromwich (UK Parliament constituency)  
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West Bromwich (UK Parliament constituency)

West Bromwich
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1885–February 1974
Number of members One

West Bromwich was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until 1974. It centred on West Bromwich, in the West Midlands. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Boundaries 2
  • Members of Parliament 3
  • Elections 4
    • Elections in the 1880s 4.1
    • Elections in the 1890s 4.2
    • Elections in the 1900s 4.3
    • Elections in the 1910s 4.4
    • Elections in the 1930s 4.5
    • Elections in the 1940s 4.6
    • Elections in the 1950s 4.7
    • Elections in the 1960s 4.8
    • Elections in the 1970s 4.9
  • References 5

History

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election. It was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when it was divided into West Bromwich East and West Bromwich West.

Boundaries

Members of Parliament

Election Member Party Notes
1885 John Horton Blades Liberal
1886 Sir James Ernest Spencer Conservative
1906 Alfred Ernest William Hazel Liberal
Jan 1910 Viscount Lewisham Conservative
1918 Frederick Owen Roberts Labour
1931 Alexander Ramsay Conservative
1935 Frederick Roberts Labour Resigned 1941
1941 by-election John Dugdale Labour Died in office March 1963
1963 by-election Maurice Foley Labour Resigned 1973
1973 by-election Betty Boothroyd Labour Subsequently MP for West Bromwich West; later Speaker of the House of Commons
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see West Bromwich East and West Bromwich West

Elections

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1885: West Bromwich[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Horton Blades 3,988 55.7 n/a
Conservative James Ernest Spencer 3,171 44.3 n/a
Majority 817 11.4 n/a
Turnout 81.8 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
Ernest Spencer
General Election 1886: West Bromwich[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Ernest Spencer 3,660 54.2
Liberal TJ Moore 3,091 45.8
Majority 569 8.4
Turnout 77.2
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1890s

General Election 1892: West Bromwich[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Ernest Spencer 4,474 56.6
Liberal TL Roberts 3,429 43.4
Majority 1,045 13.2
Turnout 86.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1895: West Bromwich[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Ernest Spencer unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1900: West Bromwich[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Ernest Spencer unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Alfred Hazel
General Election 1906: West Bromwich[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alfred Ernest William Hazel 5,475 56.2 n/a
Conservative Viscount Lewisham 4,259 43.8 n/a
Majority 1,216 12.4 n/a
Turnout 90.8 n/a
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s

General Election January 1910: West Bromwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Viscount Lewisham 5,672 53.5
Liberal Alfred Ernest William Hazel 4,937 46.5
Majority 735 7.6
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election December 1910: West Bromwich[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Viscount Lewisham 5,010 50.0
Liberal Alfred Ernest William Hazel 5,008 50.0
Majority 2 0.0
Turnout 88.7
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1931: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander Ramsay 17,729 45.71
Labour Frederick Owen Roberts 17,204 44.36
Liberal W Ramage 3,851 9.93
Majority 525 1.35
Turnout 81.66
Conservative gain from Labour Swing n/a
General Election 1935: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frederick Owen Roberts 19,113 51.26
Conservative R Ashton 18,175 48.74
Majority 938 2.52
Turnout 74.80
Labour gain from Conservative Swing n/a

Elections in the 1940s

West Bromwich by-election, 1941
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Dugdale Unopposed
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1945: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Dugdale 27,979 69.9 +18.6
Conservative Gerald Nabarro 12,028 30.1 −18.6
Majority 15,951 39.8 +37.2
Turnout 40,007 72.5 −2.3
Labour hold Swing +18.6
  • Changes are calculated against the results of the 1935 general election, rather than the uncontested 1941 by-election

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1950: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Dugdale 31,564 65.40
Conservative Viscount Ednam 16,697 34.60
Majority 14,867 30.81
Turnout 82.84
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Dugdale 30,845 64.22
Conservative GD Johnstone 17,186 35.78
Majority 13,659 28.44
Turnout 80.51
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Dugdale 26,242 61.80
Conservative FJVH Dashwood 16,222 38.20
Majority 10,020 23.60
Turnout 70.21
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Dugdale 26,702 57.4 −4.2
Conservative Anthony H. Windrum 19,809 42.6 +4.4
Majority 6,893 14.8 −8.8
Turnout 46,511 72.6 +2.4
Labour hold Swing −4.2

Elections in the 1960s

West Bromwich by-election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Maurice Foley 20,510 58.7 +1.3
Conservative G. Hawkins 8,246 26.5 −16.1
Liberal N. R. W. Mawle 6,161 17.6 N/A
Majority 12,264 35.1 +20.3
Turnout 34,917
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Maurice Foley 22,942 55.1
Conservative G. Hawkins 18,664 44.9
Majority 4,278 10.3
Turnout 64.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Maurice Foley 25,287 57.9 +2.8
Conservative G. Hawkins 18,413 42.1 −2.8
Majority 6,874 15.7
Turnout 68.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1970: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Maurice Anthony Foley 23,412 55.2 −2.7
Conservative G. Hawkins 18,976 44.8 +2.7
Majority 4,436 10.5
Turnout 62.07
Labour hold Swing
By-election 1973: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Betty Boothroyd 15,907 53.21 −2.0
Conservative David Bell 7,582 25.36 −19.4
National Front Martin Guy Alan Webster 4,789 16.02 N/A
Independent Joshua Churchman 1,616 5.41 N/A
Majority 8,325 27.85
Turnout 29,894
Labour hold Swing

References

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ Evening Despatch 16 Feb 1914
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)
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