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West German federal election, 1983

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Title: West German federal election, 1983  
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Subject: Alliance '90/The Greens, Otto Schily, Petra Kelly, Helmut Kohl, Braunschweig (electoral district)
Collection: 1983 Elections in Germany, 1983 in West Germany, Federal Elections in Germany, Helmut Kohl
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West German federal election, 1983

German federal election, 1983

6 March 1983 (1983-03-06)

All 520 seats in the Bundestag
261 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 89.1% (voting eligible)[1]
  First party Second party
 
Leader Helmut Kohl Hans-Jochen Vogel
Party CDU/CSU SPD
Leader since 1973
Last election 237 seats 228 seats
Seats won 255 202
Seat change 18 26
Popular vote 18,998,545 14,865,807
Percentage 48.8% 38.2%
Swing 4.3% 4.7%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader Hans-Dietrich Genscher Petra Kelly
Party FDP Green
Leader since 1974
Last election 54 seats 0 seats
Seats won 35 28
Seat change 19 28
Popular vote 2,706,942 2,167,431
Percentage 6.9% 5.6%
Swing 3.7% 4.1%

Party list election results by state: dark blue denotes states where CDU/CSU had the absolute majority of the votes; lighter blue denotes states where CDU had the plurality of votes; and pink denotes states where the SPD had the plurality of votes

Chancellor before election

Helmut Kohl
CDU/CSU

Elected Chancellor

Helmut Kohl
CDU/CSU

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Germany
Foreign relations

German federal elections took place on 6 March 1983, to elect members to the 10th Bundestag (parliament) of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Contents

  • Issues and campaign 1
  • Results 2
  • Post-election 3
  • References 4
  • Sources 5

Issues and campaign

In October 1982 CDU chairman Helmut Kohl was elected Chancellor by a CDU/CSU and FDP majority in the Bundestag, while the FDP in 1980 still was on the side of the SPD. Early elections were arranged. The SPD encountered difficulties because on the left a new party was emerging, the Greens.

A major issue in this election was the armament question after the NATO Double-Track Decision.

Results

 Summary of the 6 March 1983 German Bundestag election results
Parties Constituency Party list Total seats
Votes % +/− Seats +/− Votes % +/− Seats +/− Seats +/− %
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 15,686,033 40.4 −4.1 68 −59 14,865,807 38.2 −4.7 125 +34 202 −26 38.9
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 15,943,460 41.0 +5.4 136 +55 14,857,680 38.1 +3.9 55 −38 202 +17 38.9
Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU) 4,318,800 11.1 +0.7 44 +4 4,140,865 10.6 +0.3 9 −3 53 +1 10.2
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 1,087,918 2.8 −4.4 0 ±0 2,706,942 6.9 −3.7 34 −19 35 -19 6.7
The Greens 1,609,855 4.1 +3.1 0 ±0 2,167,431 5.6 +4.1 27 +27 28 +28 5.4
National Democratic Party (NPD) 57,112 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 91,095 0.2 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
German Communist Party (DKP) 96,143 0.2 −0.1 0 ±0 64,986 0.2 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
European Workers' Party (EAP) 7,491 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 14,966 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP) 3,341 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 11,028 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Christian Bavarian People's Party (CBV) 2,068 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 10,994 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Communist Party of Germany (KPD) 3,431 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Independent Social Democrats (USD) 450 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 3,333 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
League of West German Communists (BWK) 686 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 2,129 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Electoral groups and independents 31,996 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Invalid/blank votes 434,176 338,841
Totals 39,279,529 100 ±0.0 248 ±0 39,279,529 100 ±0.0 250 +1 520 +1 ±0
Registered voters/turnout 44,088,935 89.1 44,088,935 89.1
Source: Federal Returning Officer
^a — includes the non-voting delegates for West Berlin (11 CDU, 9 SPD, 1 FDP, 1 AL).
^b — known as Alternative Liste für Demokratie und Umweltschutz (AL) in West Berlin.
^c — The Christian Democratic Union and the Christian Social Union of Bavaria call themselves sister parties. They do not compete against each other in the same geographical regions and they form one group within the Bundestag.
255 202 35 28
CDU/CSU SPD FDP Grüne
Popular Vote
CDU/CSU
  
48.79%
SPD
  
38.18%
F.D.P.
  
6.95%
GRÜNE
  
5.57%
Other
  
0.52%
Bundestag seats
CDU/CSU
  
49.00%
SPD
  
38.76%
F.D.P.
  
6.83%
GRÜNE
  
5.42%
Seat results – SPD in red, Greens in green, FDP in yellow, CDU/CSU in black

Post-election

The coalition between the CDU/CSU and the FDP returned to government, with Helmut Kohl as Chancellor. This was the first election in which the Greens secured representation in the Bundestag, and the first which saw a fourth (fifth) party in the parliament since 1960.

References

  1. ^ "Voter turnout by election year". Website of the Federal Returning Officer's Office. The Federal Returning Officer. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 

Sources

  • The Federal Returning Officer
  • Psephos
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