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West Jerusalem

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Title: West Jerusalem  
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Subject: East Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Zion Square, Battle for Jerusalem (1948)
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West Jerusalem

Jerusalem municipal area between 1948 and 1967.

West Jerusalem or Western Jerusalem refers to the section of Jerusalem that remained under Israeli control after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, whose ceasefire lines delimited the boundary with the rest of the city, which was then under Jordanian control.[1] A number of western countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States acknowledge de facto Israeli authority, but withhold de jure recognition.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Division in 1949 1.1
    • Capital of Israel 1.2
    • Reunification 1.3
  • Mayors of West Jerusalem 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

History

Division in 1949

Palmach soldiers attack the San Simon monastery in Katamon, Jerusalem, April 1948 (battle reconstruction)

The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine made of Jerusalem and its area an international city.[3]

Following the 1948 Palestine war, Jerusalem was divided into two parts: the western portion, populated mainly by Jews, came under Israeli rule, while East Jerusalem came under Jordanian rule[1][4] and was populated mainly by Palestinian Muslims and Christians.

Arabs living in such western Jerusalem neighbourhoods as

  1. ^ a b c "Key Maps". Jerusalem: Before 1967 and now.  
  2. ^ a b c Dumper, Michael (1997). The politics of Jerusalem since 1967. Columbia University Press. pp. 35–36.  
  3. ^ Greenway, H.D.S. (23 July 1980). "Explainer; The 3000 years of battling over Jerusalem".  
  4. ^ a b Dumper, Michael (1997). The politics of Jerusalem since 1967. Columbia University Press. pp. 20–21.  
  5. ^ a b Dumper, Michael (1997). The politics of Jerusalem since 1967. Columbia University Press. p. 22.  
  6. ^ a b Alperovich, Gershon; Joseph Deutsch (April 1996). "Urban structure with two coexisting and almost completely segregated populations: The case of East and West Jerusalem". Regional Science and Urban Economics 26 (2): 171–187.  
  7. ^ Archive of Jerusalem's 1949 wartime governor for sale in U.S, Haaretz
  8. ^ Summary record of a meeting between the committee on Jerusalem and Mr. Daniel Auster, Mayor of Jerusalem (Jewish sector)
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "Former Mayors of Jerusalem 1948-2008". City of Jerusalem website. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "Shlomo Zalman Shragai, 96, a former mayor of Jerusalem and...".  
  11. ^ Eisenberg, Ronald L. (2006). The Streets of Jerusalem: Who, What, Why. Devora Publishing Company. p. 217.  
  12. ^ "Biography: Gershon Agron".  
  13. ^ "Mordechai Ish-Shalom, Jerusalem Ex-Mayor, 90".  
  14. ^ Wilson, Scott (January 2, 2007). "Longtime Mayor of Jerusalem Dies at 95".  
  15. ^ Senyor, Eli (15 April 2010). "Olmert cited as 'senior official' in Holyland affair". Ynetnews.com. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  16. ^ Steven Erlanger (July 16, 2005). "An Ultra-Orthodox Mayor in an Unorthodox City". The New York Times. 
  17. ^ "'"Secularist 'wins Jerusalem vote.  

References

See also

Mayors of West Jerusalem

In 1980, the Israeli government annexed East Jerusalem and reunified the city but the international community disputed this.[1] The population of Jerusalem has largely remained segregated along the city's historical east/west division.[6] The larger city contains two populations that are "almost completely economically and politically segregated... each interacting with its separate central business district", supporting analysis that the city has retained a duocentric, as opposed to the traditional monocentric, structure.[6]

During the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel captured the eastern side of the city[5] and the whole West Bank. Over the following years, their control remain tenuous, the international community refusing to recognise their authority and the Israelis themselves not feeling secure.[5]

Reunification

Israel established West Jerusalem as its capital in 1950.[2] The Israeli government needed to invest heavily to create employment, building new government offices, a new university, the Great Synagogue and the Knesset building.[4] West Jerusalem became covered by the Law and Administrative Ordinance of 1948, subjecting West Jerusalem to Israeli jurisdiction.

Capital of Israel

The only eastern area of the city that remained in Israeli hands throughout the 19 years of Jordanian rule was Mount Scopus, where the Hebrew University of Jerusalem is located, which formed an enclave during that period and therefore is not considered part of East Jerusalem.

[2]

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