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West Windsor, New Jersey

West Windsor Township, New Jersey
Township of West Windsor

West Windsor Township highlighted in Mercer County. Inset map: Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.

Census Bureau map of West Windsor Township, New Jersey

Coordinates: 40°17′25″N 74°37′40″W / 40.290253°N 74.627673°W / 40.290253; -74.627673Coordinates: 40°17′25″N 74°37′40″W / 40.290253°N 74.627673°W / 40.290253; -74.627673[1][2]

Country United States
State New Jersey
County Mercer
Incorporated February 21, 1798
 • Type Faulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Shing-Fu Hsueh (term ends June 30, 2013)[3][4][5]
 • Administrator Marlena Schmid[6]
 • Clerk Sharon L. Young[7]
 • Total 26.271 sq mi (68.041 km2)
 • Land 25.564 sq mi (66.210 km2)
 • Water 0.707 sq mi (1.832 km2)  2.69%
Area rank 101st of 566 in state
3rd of 13 in county[2]
Elevation[10] 92 ft (28 m)
Population (2010 Census)[11][12][13]
 • Total 27,165
 • Estimate (2012[14]) 28,193
 • Rank 87th of 566 in state
6th of 13 in county[15]
 • Density 1,062.6/sq mi (410.3/km2)
 • Density rank 374th of 566 in state
10th of 13 in county[15]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08550[16]
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 3402180240[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID 0882124[19][2]

West Windsor Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 27,165,[11][12][13] reflecting an increase of 5,258 (+24.0%) from the 21,907 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5,886 (+36.7%) from the 16,021 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

West Windsor Township was established by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 9, 1797, and incorporated on February 21, 1798, as one of the state's initial group of 104 townships. The Borough of Princeton (now part of Princeton) was formed from portions of the township on February 11, 1813.[21]

A portion of Princeton University is located in West Windsor Township. The University agreed in 2009 to make an annual payment in lieu of taxes of $50,000 that would be indexed to inflation to cover 81 acres (33 ha) of land in the township that the university had purchased in 2002.[22]

In 2008, Forbes listed West Windsor as the 15th most affluent neighborhood in the U.S.[23]


West Windsor Township is located at 40°17′25″N 74°37′40″W / 40.290253°N 74.627673°W / 40.290253; -74.627673 (40.290253,-74.627673). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 26.271 square miles (68.041 km2), of which, 25.564 square miles (66.210 km2) is land and 0.707 square miles (1.832 km2) (2.69%) water.[1][2]

Princeton Junction (with a 2010 Census population of 2,465[24]) is a census-designated place and unincorporated community located within West Windsor.[25][26][27]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201228,193[14]3.8%
Population sources:
1800-1920[28] 1840[29] 1850-1870[30]
1850[31] 1870[32] 1880-1890[33]
1890-1910[34] 1910-1930[35]
1930-1990[36] 2000[37][38] 2010[11][12][13]

AOL and NeighborhoodScout named West Windsor in 2009 as the best neighborhood to raise kids for its school district (top 7% in New Jersey, top 3% nationwide), prevailing family type (families with school-aged children), and neighborhood safety (safer than 97% of neighborhoods).[39]

2010 Census


The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $137,265 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,610) and the median family income was $156,110 (+/- $6,769). Males had a median income of $120,662 (+/- $6,410) versus $71,151 (+/- $9,841) for females. The per capita income for the township was $59,946 (+/- $3,307). About 3.6% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.[40]

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 21,907 people, 7,282 households, and 5,985 families residing in the township. The population density was 842.4 people per square mile (325.2/km²). There were 7,450 housing units at an average density of 286.5 per square mile (110.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 71.53% White, 2.76% African American, 0.08% Native American, 22.76% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.07% of the population.[37][38]

As of the 2000 census, 8.31% of West Windsor Township's residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry. This was the fourth highest percentage of people with Chinese ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[41]

There were 7,282 households out of which 50.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.3% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 14.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.36.[37][38]

In the township the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.[37][38]

The median income for a household in the township was $116,335, and the median income for a family was $127,877. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $56,002 for females. The per capita income for the township was $48,511. About 2.0% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.[37][38]


Grover's Mill in West Windsor was the site Orson Welles chose for the Martian invasion in his infamous 1938 radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds.[42]

In April 2002, a memorial was dedicated to the seven residents of West Windsor who lost their lives in the September 11 terrorist attacks.[43]


Local government

From the time of its formation in 1798, until 1993, the Township was governed by a Township Committee, which had both executive and legislative authority. In May 1993, West Windsor Township residents voted to change their form of government from a Township Committee to a Mayor-Council form under the Faulkner Act.[8] The new form of government was initiated on July 1, 1993.

Under the township's Mayor-Council form of government, the Mayor and Council function as independent branches of government. The Mayor is the Chief Executive of the Township and heads its Administration. The Mayor is elected in a non-partisan election and serves for a four-year term. The Mayor may attend Council meetings but is not obliged to do so.

The Council is the legislative branch. The five members of the Township Council are elected on a non-partisan basis for four-year, staggered terms. At the annual organizational meeting held during the first week of July of each year, the Council elects a President and Vice President to serve for one-year terms. The Council President chairs the meetings of the governing body.[44]

As of 2012, the Mayor of West Windsor Township is Shing-Fu Hsueh, whose term of office ends December 31, 2013.[45] Members of the West Windsor Township Council are Council President Kamal Khanna (2013), Council Vice-President Linda Geevers (2013), George Borek (2015), Bryan Maher (2015) and Kristina Samonte (2015).[4][46]

Federal, state and county representation

West Windsor Township is located in the 12th Congressional District[47] and is part of New Jersey's 15th state legislative district.[12][48][49] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, West Windsor Township had been in the 14th state legislative district.[50]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[51] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark)[52] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[53][54]

The 15th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Shirley Turner (D, Lawrence Township, Mercer County) and in the General Assembly by Reed Gusciora (D, Trenton) and Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township).[55] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[56] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[57]

Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy.[58] As of 2013, the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D; term ends December 31, 2013, Princeton).[59] Members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the board selects a Freeholder Chair and Vice-Chair from among its members.[60] Mercer County's freeholders are Freeholder Chair John Cimino (D; 2014, Hamilton Township)[61], Freeholder Vice Chair Andrew Koontz (D; 2013, Princeton),[62] Ann M. Cannon (D; 2015, East Windsor Township),[63] Anthony P. Carabelli (D; 2013, Trenton),[64] Pasqual "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (D; 2015, Lawrence Township),[65] Samuel T. Frisby (D; 2015; Trenton)[66] and Lucylle R. S. Walter (D; 2014, Ewing Township)[67][68] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Paula Sollami Covello (D, 2015).[69] Sheriff John A. "Jack" Kemler (D, 2014)[70] and Surrogate Dianne Gerofsky (D, 2016).[71][4]


As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 16,034 registered voters in West Windsor Township, of which 5,384 (33.6%) were registered as Democrats, 2,968 (18.5%) were registered as Republicans and 7,672 (47.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties.[72]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 64.3% of the vote here (7,895 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 33.3% (4,092 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (125 votes), among the 12,273 ballots cast by the township's 16,548 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.2%.[73] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 57.8% of the vote here (6,753 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 39.3% (4,596 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (79 votes), among the 11,684 ballots cast by the township's 14,577 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 80.2.[74]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 49.5% of the vote here (3,918 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 43.4% (3,436 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.0% (474 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (34 votes), among the 7,914 ballots cast by the township's 16,267 registered voters, yielding a 48.7% turnout.[75]


NRG Energy has its corporate headquarters in West Windsor Township.[76][77]


Colleges and universities

West Windsor is the site of the West Windsor Campus of the Mercer County Community College.[78]

Part of the Princeton University campus is located in West Windsor.

Primary and secondary schools

Plainsboro Township and West Windsor are part of a combined school district, the West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[79]) are four K-3 elementary schools — Dutch Neck Elementary School (750 students), Maurice Hawk Elementary School (846), Town Center Elementary School (664), J.V.B. Wicoff Elementary School (465) — Millstone River Elementary School (889) and Village Elementary School (629) for grades 4-5, Community Middle School (1,235) and Thomas Grover Middle School (1,098) for grades 6-8, and West Windsor-Plainsboro High School North (1,598) and West Windsor-Plainsboro High School South (1,606) for grades 9-12.

West Windsor-Plainsboro High School North was the 32nd-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 29th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed, while West Windsor-Plainsboro High School South was ranked 62nd in 2012 after being ranked 16th in 2010.[80]


U.S. Route 1 serves the township, as does Route 64 (which is part of CR 571).

CR 533 (Quakerbridge Road) passes along the western border with Lawrence. CR 526 and CR 571 are multiplexed together from the northwestern part until they split in the center of the municipality. CR 535 passes through in the south and serves Mercer County College.

Other major roads that are accessible outside the municipality are Interstate 295 (in Hamilton and Lawrence), Interstate 195 (in Hamilton and Robbinsville), and the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) (in Robbinsville (Exit 7A) and East Windsor (Exit 8)).

Princeton Junction station, a Northeast Corridor stop on Amtrak and New Jersey Transit, is located within West Windsor. Amtrak's Keystone Service and Northeast Regional routes stop at Princeton Junction. Princeton Junction is ranked as one of the top ten busiest train stations in the Northeast.

Running between the Princeton Junction and Princeton stations is what is known to locals as the "Dinky." The Dinky is a one-car train that shuttles back and forth many times a day between the two stations. Traveling only 2.7 miles each way, it is the shortest and most expensive regularly scheduled passenger route in the United States.[81]

NJ Transit bus service to Trenton is provided via the 600, 603, 609, with other area service on the 605 route.[82]

Notable events

The West Windsor post office was found to be infected with anthrax during the anthrax attacks in 2001-2002.[83]

The Mercer County Italian-American Festival is held annually in West Windsor on the grounds of Mercer County Park.

Noted residents

Notable current and former residents of West Windsor Township include:


External links

New Jersey portal
  • Official township web site
  • West Windsor-Plainsboro School District
  • New Jersey Department of Education
  • National Center for Education Statistics
  • West Windsor/Plainsboro Today: local online news and chat site
  • The Not So Rinky Dinky (news article about the local rail shuttle service)
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