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Western Ojibwa language

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Title: Western Ojibwa language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Ojibwe language, Central Algonquian languages, Culture of Manitoba, Culture of Saskatchewan, Driftpile First Nation
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Western Ojibwa language

Western Ojibwa
Native to Canada
Region Manitoba, Saskatchewan
Ethnicity 60,000 Saulteaux (1997)[1]
Native speakers
10,000 (2002)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ojw
Glottolog west1510[2]

Western Ojibwa (also known as Nakawēmowin, Saulteaux, Plains Ojibway, Ojibway, Ojibwe) is a dialect of the Ojibwe language, a member of the Algonquian language family. It is spoken by the Saulteaux, a sub-Nation of the Ojibwe people, in Manitoba and Saskatchewan, Canada, westward from Lake Winnipeg.[3] Saulteaux is the general term used in English for the name of the language by its speakers. Nakawēmowin is the general term in the language itself.[4]

Some speakers of Saulteaux inconsistently merge /ʃ/ and /s/ as /s/, possibly under the influence of Plains Cree.[5]


  1. ^ a b Western Ojibwa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^
  3. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
  4. ^ Cote, Margaret and Terry Klokeid, 1985, 2
  5. ^ Valentine, J. Randolph, 1994

See also


  • Cote, Margaret. 1984. Nahkawēwin: Saulteaux (Ojibway dialect of the Plains). Regina SK: Saskatchewan Indian Federated College.
  • Cote, Margaret and Terry J. Klokeid. 1985. Saulteaux verb book. Regina, SK: Saskatchewan Indian Federated College.
  • [Scott, Mary Ellen et al.] 1995. The Saulteaux Language Dictionary. Kinistin First Nation and Duval House Publishing. ISBN 1-895850-51-7
  • Valentine, J. Randolph. 1994. Ojibwe dialect relationships. PhD dissertation, University of Texas, Austin.
  • Voorhis, Paul. 1976. A Saulteaux (Ojibwe) phrase book based on the dialects of Manitoba. Brandon, MB: Department of Native Studies, Brandon University.

External links

  • Our Languages: Nakawē (Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Centre)
  • OLAC resources in and about the Western Ojibwa language

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