World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan

Article Id: WHEBN0000697906
Reproduction Date:

Title: William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Charles Bertie (1683–1727), John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, Henry Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, List of diplomats of the United Kingdom to the Netherlands
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan

William Cadogan (1675–1726) by Louis Laguerre.

William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan KT PC (1675 – 17 July 1726) was a noted military officer in the army of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough during the War of the Spanish Succession. He commanded the 1st Foot Guards for some time.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • War of the Spanish Succession 2
  • Later life 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life

The eldest son of barrister Henry Cadogan, he was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Dublin, and joined the army in 1690. He served in Ireland at the sieges of Cork and Kinsale where he first served with Marlborough, then an Earl, and by 1701 was a Major of the Inniskilling Dragoons.[1]

War of the Spanish Succession

In 1701, Cadogan was appointed Lieutenant of the Ordnance, under Thomas Erle.

Later life

During Marlborough's voluntary exile during the last years of Queen Anne's reign, Cadogan accompanied him, and often acted as a go-between to maintain Marlborough's links with Britain.[11] When the Hanoverian King Duke of Argyll in command of the army putting down a Jacobite rising.[12]

On 21 June 1716, he was made Baron Cadogan of Oakley, co. Buckingham, Viscount Caversham, of Caversham, co. Oxford and Earl Cadogan. In later years he also served as Master of the Robes (1714–1726), Governor of the Isle of Wight (1715–1726) and Master-General of the Ordnance (1722–1725). However, the Opposition's staunch hostility towards him meant that he had lost any political influence several years before his death on 17 July 1726.

He married Margaret Cecilia Munter in April 1704 at The Hague. They had two daughters: Sarah (born 18 September 1705), who married Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, and Margaret (born 21 February 1707), who married the Hon. Charles John Bentinck, fourth son of William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland.[13]

References

  1. ^ Churchill, Marlborough:His Life and Time; Book 1, p 465
  2. ^ Chandler, Marlborough as Military Commander; p 70
  3. ^ Spencer, Blenheim:Battle for Europe; p 131
  4. ^ Spencer, Blenheim:Battle for Europe; p 141
  5. ^ Falkner, Great and Glorious Days, p 98
  6. ^ Churchill, Marlborough:His Life and Times; Book 2, p 111-2
  7. ^ Falkner, Great and Glorious Days, p 140
  8. ^ Churchill Marlborough:His Life and Times; Book 2, p 375
  9. ^ Chandler, Marlborough as Military Commander; p 267
  10. ^ Hussey, Marlborough; p 209
  11. ^ Churchill, Life and Times, Book 2, p 983
  12. ^ Falkner, Great and Glorious Days; p 200, n 36
  13. ^ ThePeerage.com

External links

Parliament of England
Preceded by
James Bertie
Sir William Glynne, Bt
Member of Parliament for Woodstock
1705–1707
With: Hon. Charles Bertie
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Woodstock
1707–1716
With: Hon. Charles Bertie 1707–1708
Sir Thomas Wheate, Bt 1708–1716
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Wheate, Bt
William Clayton
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
George Stepney
British Ambassador to the Netherlands
1707–1709
Succeeded by
Viscount Townshend
Preceded by
The Earl of Strafford
British Ambassador to the Netherlands
1714–1720
Succeeded by
Charles Whitworth
Preceded by
François-Louis de Pesmes de Saint-Saphorin
as Chargé d'Affaires
British Ambassador to the Holy Roman Emperor
April–October 1720
Succeeded by
François-Louis de Pesmes de Saint-Saphorin
as Chargé d'Affaires
Military offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Arran
Colonel of Cadogan's Regiment of Horse
1703–1712
Succeeded by
George Kellum
Preceded by
Charles Churchill
Colonel of the Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards
1714–1722
Succeeded by
The Earl of Scarbrough
Preceded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Master-General of the Ordnance
1722–1725
Succeeded by
The Duke of Argyll
Colonel of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards
1722–1726
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Wills
Court offices
Preceded by
Cornelius Nassau
Master of the Robes
1714–1726
Succeeded by
Viscount Malpas
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Charles Churchill
Lieutenant of the Tower of London
1709–1715
Succeeded by
Hatton Compton
Preceded by
John Richmond Webb
Governor of the Isle of Wight
1715–1726
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bolton
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl Cadogan
1718–1726
Extinct
Baron Cadogan
1716–1726
Succeeded by
Charles Cadogan
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.