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William T. Wofford

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William T. Wofford

William Tatum Wofford
Born (1824-06-28)June 28, 1824
Habersham County, Georgia
Died May 22, 1884(1884-05-22) (aged 59)
Georgia
Place of burial Cassville Cemetery, Cass Station, Georgia
Allegiance United States of America
Confederate States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
 Confederate States Army
Years of service 1847–48 (USA)
1861–65 (CSA)
Rank Captain (USA)
Brigadier General (CSA)
Battles/wars

Mexican-American War
American Civil War

Other work planter, educator, politician

William Tatum Wofford (June 28, 1824 – May 22, 1884) was an officer during the Mexican-American War and a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

Early life and career

Wofford was born in Cassville Standard newspaper.[1][2]

Civil War service

Wofford had previously voted against colonel, and served in North Carolina and Virginia before being assigned to Brig. Gen. John Bell Hood's Texas Brigade.[1] He saw action at Yorktown, Eltham's Landing, and Seven Pines during the Peninsula Campaign. Wofford and the 18th also fought at Second Bull Run and Antietam, where he commanded the Texas Brigade.

In November 1862, Wofford and the 18th Georgia were transferred to the Georgia Brigade of Brig. Gen. Thomas R. R. Cobb.[3] They fought under Cobb at the Battle of Fredericksburg in December, defending the famous stone wall at the base of Marye's Heights. Cobb was mortally wounded in the battle, and Wofford assumed command of his brigade and was promoted to brigadier general on January 17, 1863.[1] He led the brigade, now referred to as Wofford's Brigade, at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, where he followed William Barksdale's Mississippi brigade in the assault through the Peach Orchard late in the afternoon of July 2. There Wofford's men drove Union troops out of the Wheatfield but had to stop short of the new Union line near Little Round Top.

Traveling to Georgia with [1] He commanded the last significant group of Confederate soldiers east of the Mississippi to surrender to Union troops.

Postbellum career

After the war Wofford was a planter and active in the law, Populist Party a decade later.[6] He died in Cass Station, Ga. and is buried in nearby Cassville Cemetery.[1]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Eicher, Civil War High Commands, p. 578.
  2. ^ Warner, p. 341.
  3. ^ Eicher, Civil War High Commands, pp. 578, 592.
  4. ^ Warner, p. 341, claims he was at Knoxville siege while Eicher, Longest Night, p. 616, claims Col. S.Z. Ruff commanded the brigade.
  5. ^ Warner, p. 344.
  6. ^ Smith, p. 2142.

References

  • Eicher, David J. The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001. ISBN 0-684-84944-5.
  • Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Folsom, James Madison. Heroes and Martyrs of Georgia: Georgia's Record in the Revolution of 1861. Baltimore: Butternut and Blue, 1995. ISBN 0-935523-49-9. First published 1864 by Burke, Boykin & Co.
  • Polley, J. B. Hood's Texas Brigade: Its Marches, Its Battles, Its Achievements. Dayton, OH: Morningside Bookshop, 1976. ISBN 978-0-89029-037-8. First published 1910 by Neale Publishing Co.
  • Simpson, Harold B. Hood's Texas Brigade: Lee's Grenadier Guard. Gaithersburg, MD: Olde Soldier Books, 1994. ISBN 1-56013-009-1. First published 1970 by Texian Press.
  • Smith, Gerald J. "William Tatum Wofford." In Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History, edited by David S. Heidler and Jeanne T. Heidler. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2000. ISBN 0-393-04758-X.
  • Tagg, Larry. The Generals of Gettysburg. Campbell, CA: Savas Publishing, 1998. ISBN 1-882810-30-9.
  • Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 0-8071-0823-5.

External links

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