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Title: Windtalkers  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: John Woo, Noah Emmerich, Brian Van Holt, Native Americans and World War II, Oahu
Collection: 2000S War Films, 2002 Films, 20Th Century Fox Films, American Films, American War Films, Cryptography in Fiction, English-Language Films, Film Scores by James Horner, Films About Language and Translation, Films About Native Americans, Films Directed by John Woo, Films Set in Oceania, Films Set in the 1940S, Films Set in the Northern Mariana Islands, Films Shot in California, Films Shot in Hawaii, Films Shot in Utah, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Films, Pacific War Films, United States Marine Corps in Popular Culture, War Drama Films
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Theatrical release poster
Directed by John Woo
Produced by
Written by
  • Joe Batteer
  • John Rice
Music by James Horner
Cinematography Jeffrey L. Kimball
Edited by
  • Jeff Gullo
  • Steven Kemper
  • Tom Rolf
Distributed by Metro Goldwyn Mayer
Release dates
  • June 14, 2002 (2002-06-14)
Running time
134 minutes[1]
  • United States
  • Hong Kong
Language English
Budget $115 million[2]
Box office $77.6 million[2]

Windtalkers is a 2002 American war film directed and produced by John Woo, and starring Nicolas Cage and Adam Beach. The film was released in the United States on June 14, 2002.


  • Plot 1
  • Cast 2
  • Production 3
  • Release 4
    • Box office 4.1
    • Critical reception 4.2
    • Accolades 4.3
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


During World War II, USMC Cpl. Joseph F. 'Joe' Enders rallies himself to return to active duty with the aid of his pharmacist, Rita. He previously survived a gruesome battle on the Solomon Islands against the Imperial Japanese Army that killed his entire squad and left him with a scar on his neck and almost deaf in his left ear. Enders' new assignment is to protect Navajo code talker Pvt. Ben Yahzee, and carries a promotion for Enders to Sergeant. Sgt. Pete 'Ox' Anderson also receives a parallel assignment protecting Navajo code talker Pvt. Charlie Whitehorse. The Navajo code, as it was known, was a code based on two parts: 1) the Navajo language and 2) a code embedded in the language, meaning that even native speakers would be confused by it, referring to a tank as a turtle, for example. The code was close to unbreakable but also so difficult only a few people could learn it.

Yahzee and Whitehorse, lifelong friends from the same Navajo tribe, are trained to send and receive coded messages that direct artillery fire. Enders and Anderson are shown evidence that captured Navajos are tortured to death to get the code and instructed that it cannot fall into enemy hands. This implies that they are to kill their code talkers if capture is imminent. As Enders and Anderson meet Yahzee and Whitehorse, it becomes apparent that the two experienced Marines are less than happy to be babysitting their Navajo codetalkers. The Navajos must endure racial harassment by the white soldiers, notably Private Chick. But during their missions, Anderson and Whitehorse discover a mutual love of music, Whitehorse with his flute and Anderson with his harmonica. As their practicing becomes more and more melodic, Anderson intones that their music is turning into something. They become not just soldiers, but friends. Enders and Yahzee also discover that they have much in common, notably their Catholic upbringings.

The invasion of Saipan is Yahzee's and Whitehorse's first combat experience. After the beachhead is secured in vicious fighting, the Marines come under friendly fire from American artillery. Yahzee's radio is destroyed and the convoy is unable to call off the bombardment. Yahzee suggests that he disguise himself as an Imperial Japanese soldier and slip behind enemy lines to commandeer a radio. Enders goes with him as a prisoner and eliminates several Japanese soldiers. Yahzee is forced to kill for the first time before he can redirect American artillery fire onto the Japanese position. For their bravery, Enders is awarded a Silver Star by the commanding officer, with Yahzee's role almost ignored until Enders points him out. Enders sees Santorini praying by Nellie's hastily dug grave and, knowing he was alive because of Nellie's actions, gives the medal to Santorini with instructions to send it to Nellie's wife. Later, after a night of sake drinking, Yahzee performs Navajo rituals over the unconscious Enders to protect him with the spirits.

That night the Marines camp in a village, Tanapag, thought to be secured. Yahzee is temporarily assigned back to the command post to translate a code. Enders becomes increasingly torn because, despite his orders, he cannot imagine killing Yahzee. He demands to be relieved from his unit but this request is denied. The next morning, Japanese soldiers attack and Whitehorse saves the life of Pvt. Chick, the racist who beat Yahzee for being Navajo. Anderson takes cover with Whitehorse and the two hold off numerous Japanese. Running low on ammunition, Anderson he realizes Whitehorse is in danger of being captured. He presses his pistol against the Whitehorse's chest as Navajo watches horrified, asking his friend "Why?" Anderson cannot bring himself to pull the trigger on the man he has grown close to. Turning to meet the enemy, Anderson is beheaded by a samurai sword and Whitehorse is about to be captured by the Japanese. Enders sees Whitehorse being beaten and dragged away by the Japanese and tries to shoot the captors with his pistol, but it has run out of ammunition. Enders pulls out a grenade but hesitates as he makes eye contact with Whitehorse. Whitehorse, realizing the Japanese will torture him for the code, vehemently nods to Enders, who grimly primes the grenade and throws it at Whitehorse's feet. The ensuing explosion kills both Whitehorse and the Japanese captors.

Yahzee returns to Tanapag and, seeing Whitehorse's body, screams at Enders to explain what happened as the village was thought to be secured. Enders, exhausted, mutters that he killed Whitehorse, but does not reveal that Whitehorse was willing to die to protect the code. Outraged, Yahzee aims his weapon at Enders but cannot bring himself to kill him in cold blood. Enders confesses that he hated having to kill Whitehorse and that, like Anderson, his mission was to protect the code above all else.

The Marines are mobilized on another mission and are again ambushed, this time near a deadly minefield. After fighting out of the kill zone and taking cover on an old battle-torn ridge, the Marines see Japanese artillery fire from the top of the ridge decimating advancing American troops below their position. Still enraged over the death of Whitehorse, Yahzee charges the Japanese line fearlessly, and in so doing, fumbles the radio needed to call in the coordinates for an effective bombardment. Yahzee and Enders are both shot as they retrieve the radio and call in an airstrike on the Japanese artillery. However, surrounded and knowing the Japanese will capture and torture him for the code as they almost did with Whitehorse, Yahzee entreats Enders to kill him. Enders, grimly determined that no one else will die that day, manages to carry Yahzee to safety after taking a shot in the chest. Friendly planes arrive and the Japanese position is successfully destroyed. Yahzee rejoices in their succcess but finds Enders mortally wounded. With his last breaths, Enders reverts to the religious upbringing he earlier claimed he had abandoned, and recites the last rites.

Returning to the U.S., Yahzee, his wife, and his young son George Washington Yahzee, sit atop Point Mesa in Monument Valley, Arizona, and, wearing the sacred necklaces and other Navajo ceremonial dress, performs the Navajo ritual of paying respects to the man who saved his life. He tells his son that Enders was a fierce warrior and Marine and, that if his son ever tells a story about Enders, to simply say that he was Yahzee's friend. He then cleans Enders' dog tags in holy water, reaffirming his own religious doctrine. He lifts them to the sky while chanting in ritual, sending Enders' spirit reverting to the Earth as the vast palisades surround and watch over them.

An epilogue explains that the Navajo code was crucial to America's success against Japan across the Pacific theater and that, during the war, the code was never broken.



Filming locations on Hawaii included Kualoa Ranch, the location where Lost and Jurassic Park were shot. To portray the Marines in the film the producers recruited extras that were volunteers from Schofield Barracks Army Base, Hickam Air Force Base, Pearl Harbor Naval Station, and Kaneohe Marine Corps Air Station. Some of the actual Marines from 4th Force Recon Company were used in the film portraying their actual job. Some violence was trimmed in order to avoid an NC-17 rating. This violence trim was restored for the Director's cut released on DVD.

For the F6F Hellcat fighters that appear in the beach-landing scenes on Saipan, the producers used computer-generated versions.[3]


Box office

The film was a box office bomb, grossing only just under $41 million at the US box-office and a combined $77.6 million worldwide.[2]

Critical reception

Windtalkers received negative reviews from critics; it currently holds a 32% approval rating from Rotten Tomatoes, based on 167 reviews.[4] Roger Ebert gave the film two stars, remarking that "the filmmakers have buried it beneath battlefield cliches, while centering the story on a white character played by Nicolas Cage".[5]

The film was criticized for featuring the Navajo characters only in supporting roles; they were not the primary focus of the film.[6] The film was ranked number four on's "10 Most Inaccurate Military Movies Ever Made," which also included The Patriot, The Hurt Locker, U-571, The Green Berets, Pearl Harbor, Battle of the Bulge, Red Tails, Enemy at the Gates and Flyboys on its list of falsified war movie productions.[7]


Year Award Winner/Nominee Category Result
2003 Harry Award Appreciation of History Nominated
World Stunt Awards Brett A. Jones Best Fire Stunt Won
Al Goto & David Wald Best Fire Stunt Nominated
Spencer Sano Best High Work Nominated

See also


  1. ^ (15)"WINDTALKERS".  
  2. ^ a b c "Windtalkers".  
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ "Windtalkers".  
  5. ^ Ebert, Roger (June 14, 2002). "Windtalkers".  
  6. ^ Thom, Fred. "Windtalkers". Plume Noire. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  7. ^

External links

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