World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Winooski River

The North Branch Winooski River, Tributary to the Winooski River, at Montpelier

The Winooski River (formerly, Onion River) is a tributary of Lake Champlain, approximately 90 miles (145 km) long, in northern Vermont in the United States. Although not Vermont's longest river, it is one of the state's most significant, forming a major valley way from Lake Champlain through the Green Mountains towards (although not connecting in drainage to) the Connecticut River valley.

The river drains an area of the northern Green Mountains between Montpelier and Burlington. It rises in the town of Cabot,[1] in Washington County, north of Montpelier, and then flows southwest to Montpelier, passing through the city along the south side of downtown and the Vermont State House. From Montpelier it flows northwest into Chittenden County through Richmond, passing north of the city of Burlington. It enters the eastern side of Lake Champlain approximately 5 miles (8 km) northwest of downtown Burlington. The City of Winooski sits along the river approximately 8 miles (13 km) upstream from its mouth, on the northeastern edge of Burlington. The river was historically used for the transportation of timber in the logging heyday of Vermont during the 19th century. The valley of the river downstream from Montpelier is where both U.S. Highway 2 and Interstate 89 run between Montpelier and Burlington.

The river is one of several antecedent rivers in Vermont which predate the rise of the ancient Green Mountain range, and have cut through these mountains as they rose and eroded.

In the late winter of 1992, ice blockage in the Winooski caused a major flood in Montpelier, causing extensive damage to much of the downtown, the worse flood in Montpelier's history since the larger Great Flood of 1927.[2][3]

The river is used for a variety of purposes. It is popular for recreational uses such as canoeing, kayaking, fishing and swimming. Additionally, a number of hydroelectric dams are used for generating electricity.

The Winooski One Dam, located on the river in the City of Winooski, was the first high performance civil structure in the world imbedded with fiber optic sensors when it was built in 1992.[4] For this reason, the dam was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the "world's most intelligent dam."

See also


  1. ^ [3]
  2. ^ [4]
  3. ^ [Http:// flood/about 1927 flood.htm]
  4. ^ Baztech informacja o publikacji

External links

  • Local River Protection Group, Friends of the Winooski River
  • Hydrologic data on Vermont rivers from the National Weather Service, including the Winooski River

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.