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Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace

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Title: Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace  
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Subject: History of Liberia, Military history of Liberia, Aya Virginie Toure, West Africa
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Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace

Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace

Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace is a Leymah Gbowee, the movement started with thousands of local women praying and singing in a fish market daily for months.[1] Thousands of women mobilized their efforts, staged silent nonviolence protests that included a sex strike and the threat of a curse.

Peace deal

In 2003 during the Second Liberian Civil War, Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace forced a meeting with President Charles Taylor and extracted a promise from him to attend peace talks in Ghana[2] to negotiate with the rebels from Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy and Movement for Democracy in Liberia. A delegation of Liberian women went to Ghana to continue to apply pressure on the warring factions during the peace process.[3]

They staged a sit in outside of the Presidential Palace, blocking all the doors and windows and preventing anyone from leaving the peace talks without a resolution. The women of Liberia became a political force against violence and against their government. Their actions brought about an agreement during the stalled peace talks. As a result, the women were able to achieve peace in Liberia after a 14-year civil war and later helped bring to power the country's first female head of state, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf.[4]



Asatu Bah Kenneth, Assistant Minister for Administration and Public Safety of the Liberian Ministry of Justice,[6] was president of the Liberia Female Law Enforcement Association at the time. Inspired by the work of the Christian women's peace initiative, she formed the Liberian Muslim Women's Organization to work for peace.[7]

Together, Gbowee and Kenneth brought both groups together to form the Mass Action, a rare thing to happen in Liberia. Since they were brought together, relations have been less tense and more open between Christians and Muslims in Liberia, specifically Monrovia.

The Christian and Muslim women joined forces to create Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace. They wore white, to symbolize peace.

For her leadership, Leymah Gbowee has received international recognition, including the 2009 John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award[8] and the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize.

Lasting legacy of WIPSEN

Since the adoption of the Ghana. It was established on May 8, 2006 to promote women's strategic participation and leadership in peace and security governance in Africa.[9]

Leymah Gbowee is the founding member, and served as Executive Director until 2012.[10] The organization has a presence in Ghana, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Similar protests

  • On March 23, at the [17] and represented countries across West Africa including Ivory Coast, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Togo. They issued a press release and presented a position statement to the ECOWAS Heads of State.[18]

Pray the Devil Back to Hell

Pray the Devil Back to Hell is a documentary film directed by Gini Reticker and produced by Abigail Disney. The film premiered at the 2008 Tribeca Film Festival, where it won the award for Best Documentary.[19] The film documents the efforts of Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace. The film has been used as an advocacy tool in post-conflict zones like Sudan and Zimbabwe, mobilizing African women to petition for peace and security.[20]

See also



  1. ^ 2009
  2. ^ Bio of Gbowee Leymah
  3. ^ Liberian women pray as the nation heads to the polls
  4. ^ Liberian women pray as the nation heads to the polls
  6. ^
  7. ^ United Nations Radio
  8. ^ Bill Moyers Journal, June 19, 2009
  9. ^ WIPSEN
  10. ^ "WIPSEN EMPOWERS WOMEN...To fight for their rights" (article). Ghana Media Group. December 11, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Ivory Coast women defiant after being targeted by Gbagbo's guns" (article). The Guardian. March 11, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  12. ^ "A plea for help from an Ivorian women's leader amid the violent power struggle" (radio broadcast). BBC Radio. March 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  13. ^ "Ivory Coast: women shot dead at anti-Gbagbo rally" (article). Euronews. March 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  14. ^ "Ivory Coast's well-armed rebels making quick work of revolution" (article). The Guardian. April 1, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-01. 
  15. ^ "Women in Ivory Coast lead the revolution against Gbagbo" (article). Newscast Media. March 9, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-09. 
  16. ^ "The Ivory Coast Effect" (article). The New Yorker. March 22, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-22. 
  17. ^ a b "ECOWAS Summit: West African women protest Ivorian situation" (article). Afrique en ligne. March 24, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-24. 
  18. ^ Thousand Women Protest March" in Solidarity with the Women of Cote d’Ivoire""" (article). WIPSEN. March 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  19. ^ Tribeca Film Festival
  20. ^ November 2009 MEDIAGLOBAL

External links

  • United States Institute of Peace
  • Women in White
  • Pray The Devil Back to Hell - video
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