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Woodland Hills, California

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Woodland Hills, California

Woodland Hills
Neighborhood of Los Angeles
Warner Center, from the Top of Topanga Overlook
Woodland Hills
Woodland Hills
Location within Los Angeles/San Fernando Valley

Coordinates: 34°10′06″N 118°36′18″W / 34.16833°N 118.605°W / 34.16833; -118.605

Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
City Los Angeles
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)

Woodland Hills is an affluent district in the city of Los Angeles, California.

Geography

Woodland Hills is in the southwestern area of the San Fernando Valley, east of Calabasas and west of Tarzana, with Warner Center in its northern section. On the north, Woodland Hills is bordered by West Hills, Canoga Park, and Winnetka, and on the south by Topanga and Malibu, California.[1]

Some neighborhoods are in the foothills of the Santa Monica Mountains. Running east-west through the community is U.S. Route 101 (Ventura Freeway) and Ventura Boulevard, whose western terminus is at Valley Circle Boulevard in Woodland Hills.

History

The area was inhabited for approximately 8,000 years by Native Americans of the Fernandeño-Tataviam and Chumash-Venturaño tribes that lived in the Santa Monica Mountains and Simi Hills and close to the Arroyo Calabasas (Calabasas Creek) tributary of the Los Angeles River in present-day Woodland Hills.[2][3] The first Europeans to enter the San Fernando Valley were the Portola Expedition in 1769, exploring 'Alta California' for Spanish missions and settlements locations. Seeing it from present-day Sepulveda Pass, the oak savanna inspired them to call the area Santa Catalina de Bononia de Los Encinos (Valley of the Oaks).[4] The Mission San Fernando Rey de España (Mission San Fernando) was established in 1797 and given the Valley's land, including future Woodland Hills.[5]

Ownership of the southern half of the Valley, south of present-day Roscoe Boulevard from Toluca Lake to Woodland Hills, by Americans began in the 1860s. First Isaac Lankershim (as the "San Fernando Farm Homestead Association") in 1869, then Isaac Lankershim's son, James Boon Lankershim, and Isaac Newton Van Nuys (as the "Los Angeles Farm & Milling Company") in 1873,[6] and finally in the "biggest land transaction ever recorded in Los Angeles County" a syndicate led by Harry Chandler of the Los Angeles Times with Hobart Johnstone Whitley, Gen. Moses Sherman and others (as the Los Angeles Suburban Homes Company) in 1910.[7]

Victor Girard Kleinberger bought 2,886 acres (11.68 km2) in the area from Chandler's group and founded the town of Girard in 1922.[8] He sought to attract residents and businesses by developing an infrastructure, advertising in newspapers, and planting 120,000 trees.[8] His 300 pepper trees forming an arch over Canoga Ave. between Ventura Boulevard and Saltillo St. are Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #93 in 1972.[9] The community of Girard was eventually incorporated into Los Angeles, and in 1945 it became known as Woodland Hills.[5]

Climate

Woodland Hills is often very hot during the summer and gets very cool in the winter; on some winter nights the temperature has been known to dip below freezing. In July 2006 Woodland Hills recorded the highest temperature ever in Los Angeles County, hitting 119 °F (48 °C) at Pierce College.[10] The climate is classified as a Csa in the Köppen climate classification, which is characterised by mild rainy winters and hot dry summers. This climate is often referred to as a Mediterranean climate.[11] The precipitation of Woodland Hills ranges from 17 to 23 inches (580 mm) annually: the lower amount of annual rainfall is in the lower portions in the Valley, whereas the higher amounts are in the surrounding hills.[12]

Demographics

In population, it is one of the least dense in Los Angeles, and the percentage of white people is high for the county. It is not especially diverse. The percentage of residents 25 and older with four-year college degrees is high for both the city and the county. The percentage of veterans, 10.7% of the population, was high for the city of Los Angeles and high for the county overall. The percentage of veterans who served during World War II or Korea was among the county's highest.[13]

As of the 2000 Census, and according to the Los Angeles Almanac, there were 67,006 people and 29,119 households residing in Woodland Hills. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 79.90% White, 6.97% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 3.34% African American, 0.33% Native American, 4.80% from other races, and 4.52% from two or more races. 11.94% of the population were Hispanic of any race.

Median household income in 2000 was $72,568. Median home cost in ZIP 91364 is (2007): $944,500 and cost of living in ZIP 91364 is (2007): 76.26% higher than the U.S. average.

In 2013c the Los Angeles Times's "Mapping L.A." project supplied these Woodland Hills neighborhood statistics: population: 59,661; median household income: $89,946. The Times said the latter figure was "high for the city of Los Angeles and high for the county."[13]

In 2008c the population of Woodland Hills was approximately 63,000. The median age in 2000 was forty years, old for both the city and the county.[13]

"Mapping L.A." stated that the "percentage of white people is high for the county" and that the area is "not especially diverse."[13]

Government and infrastructure

Local government

Woodland Hills Warner Center Neighborhood Council is the local elected advisory body to the City of Los Angeles representing stakeholders in the Woodland Hills and Warner Center areas.

Los Angeles Fire Department

County, state and federal representation

The United States Postal Service Woodland Hills Post Office is located at 22121 Clarendon Street.[15] The community's postal codes are 91364 and 91367.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Public schools serving Woodland Hills are under the jurisdiction the Los Angeles Unified School District. Much of the area is within Board District 4.[16]

Elementary schools include:

  • Calabash Street Elementary School[17]
  • Lockhurst Elementary School
  • Serrania Elementary School[18]
  • Woodlake Avenue Elementary School[19]
  • Woodland Hills Elementary School[20]
  • Ivy Academia Entrepreneurial Charter School[21]
  • Calvert Street Elementary School

Middle schools include:

  • Woodland Hills Academy (formerly known as Parkman Middle School)[22]
    • The school opened in 1959 as "Parkman Junior High School." It received its current name in 2006.[23]
  • Hale Middle School

High schools include:

Charter school

  • Ingenium Charter School – Kindergarten through Sixth Grade
  • George Ellery Hale Charter Academy 6-8 grade
  • Chime Charter School K-8

Private schools

  • Halsey Schools – 6 weeks – 6 years.[24]
  • Louisville High School All female Catholic High School
  • St. Bernardine of Siena – preschool through Eighth Grade
  • St. Mel – preschool through Eighth Grade
  • Crespi Carmelite High School All Boys Catholic High School
  • The Alexandria Academy – secular school serving First through Twelfth Grade
  • Woodland Hills Private School – serving Preschool (starting at 2 years old) through Fifth Grade.[25]

Colleges and universities

Colleges and universities in Woodland Hills include:

Public libraries

The Los Angeles Public Library operates the Woodland Hills Branch Library (Ventura Boulevard) and the Platt Branch Library (Victory Boulevard) in Woodland Hills.[26][27]

Parks and recreation

The Woodland Hills Recreation Center (Shoup Park) is a 19-acre (7.7 ha) park in Woodland Hills. The park has a small indoor gymnasium without weights and with a capacity of 300; it may be used as an auditorium. The park also has a lighted baseball diamond, outdoor lighted basketball courts, a children's play area, a lighted football field, picnic tables, a lighted soccer field, and lighted tennis courts.[28] Woodland Hills Pool is an outdoor seasonal unheated swimming pool.[28][29]

The Warner Center Park, also known as Warner Ranch Park,[30] is located in Woodland Hills.[31] The park, unstaffed and unlocked, has a children's play area and picnic tables.[30] Serrania Park in Woodland Hills is an unstaffed, unlocked pocket park. It has a children's play area, hiking trails, and picnic tables.[32] Alizondo Drive Park in Woodland Hills is an unstaffed, unlocked, and undeveloped park used for brush clearance once per year.[33]

Along the western boundary of Woodland Hills is the large Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space Preserve, a regional park with a trail network for miles of hiking, mountain biking, and equestrian rides. The trailhead and parking are at the very western end of Victory Boulevard in Woodland Hills. Scheduled walks and programs are offered.[34] The Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area has various parks nearby to the south of the community. The Top of Topanga Overlook gives panoramic views of the verdant Woodland Hills neighborhoods and the Valley.[35]

Notable residents

See also

References

External links

  • Woodland Hills Warner Center Neighborhood Council
  • Woodland Hills-Tarzana Chamber of Commerce
  • Chime Institute

Coordinates: 34°10′06″N 118°36′18″W / 34.16833°N 118.605°W / 34.16833; -118.605

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