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Xiaogang District

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Title: Xiaogang District  
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Subject: Kaohsiung, List of universities in Taiwan, Kaohsiung metropolitan area, List of postal codes in Taiwan
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Xiaogang District

Siaogang District
小港區
Nickname(s): Port Edge
港仔墘 (pinyin: Gǎngzaǐqián)
Region Southern Kaohsiung
City Kaohsiung City
Subdivisions
Government
 • Acting Supervisor Tsai Shuen-an (蔡順安)
Area
 • Total 39.8753 km2 (15.3959 sq mi)
Population (April 2006)
 • Total 150,354
 • Density 3,800/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
Website Official website

Siaogang District (Chinese: 小港區; pinyin: Xiǎogāng Qū; Wade–Giles: Hsiao-kang Ch'ü; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sió-káng-khu) is the southernmost district of Kaohsiung City, Republic of China in southern Taiwan. The second largest airport in Taiwan, Kaohsiung International Airport, is located here.

History

Siaogang was developed during Dutch occupation. The Dutch built Hongmao harbor as an addition to Anping Harbor in Tainan. After losing the war against Koxinga, the Dutch left Taiwan. Koxinga decided to develop Taiwan as the base to revive the Ming Dynasty and prepare his troops for fighting the Qing Dynasty. He sent one of his men, Wu Yanshang, to expand Siaogang. After Koxinga, his son, and his grandson died, the Qing Dynasty quickly defeated the Ming remnants and annexed Taiwan. In 1895, the Qing Dynasty ceded Taiwan to Japan in the Treaty of Shimonoseki after losing the First Sino-Japanese War, and Siaogang was used to produce sugar for Japanese.

As a heavy industry base in Taiwan during World War II, Siaogang was more heavily bombed by the Allied force than other parts of the city. After the war, Siaogang was administrated as "Siaogang Township" of Kaohsiung County, a third-level government of the Republic of China, under Taiwan Province. Siaogang was annexed by Kaohsiung City and become "Siaogang District" on July 1, 1979, when Kaohsiung City became a Central Municipality.

Geography

Siaogang is located in the southern part of Kaohsiung. It borders Qianzhen District to the north, Daliao Township to the east, Linyuan Township to the south, and the Taiwan Strait to the west.

Economy

As far as the industry of Taiwan is concerned, Siaogang is one of the most important regions for the shipbuilding and steel industries. During the 1970s, the government spent 5 years carrying out Ten Major Construction Projects. Two companies resulting from the projects are based here: China Steel and CSBC Corporation, Taiwan. CPC Corporation, Taiwan also a part of the ten projects, has a major oil refinery facility located here. With the proximity of Kaohsiung Harbor, the products of these companies are exported worldwide. These products are also transported throughout the island via National Highway No. 1 (Taiwan), which terminates on the northern border of the district.

Tourist attractions

  • Kaohsiung Astronomical Museum
  • Kao Tower. The name comes from its shape: it is built in the shape of Chinese character "" (pronounced "Gao", meaning high, tall). It was once a lighthouse. After the building of second harbor of Kaohsiung, it was renewed and became a tourist attraction. The shape of the building is not only a Chinese character but also represent the spirit of Kaohsiung.

Education


Elementary Schools

  • Kaohsiung Municipal Siaogang Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Taipin Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Qingshan Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Pingding Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Fenglin Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Huashan Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Fengyang Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Huashan Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Ganghe Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Mingyi Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Erling Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Guilin Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Hanmin Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Fengming Elementary School

Junior High Schools

  • Kaohsiung Municipal Siaogang Junior High School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Zhongshan Junior High School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Mingyi Junior High School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Fenglin Junior High School
  • Kahosiung Municipal Hospitality Junior High School

Senior High Schools

  • Kaohsiung Municipal Siaogang Senior High School
  • Kao-Fong Vocational Senior high school

Universities

Transportation


Air

The Kaohsiung International Airport is located within the district

Railway

The district is accessible by Kaohsiung International Airport Station and Siaogang Station of the Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit.

Road

  • Kaohsiung City Bus (Siaogang station)
  • Sun-Yat sen Freeway

See also

External links

  • Siaogang District Office, Kaohsiung City