World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Yanga, Veracruz

Article Id: WHEBN0023266542
Reproduction Date:

Title: Yanga, Veracruz  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gaspar Yanga, Veracruz, 1811 German Coast Uprising, 1733 slave insurrection on St. John, Río Blanco, Veracruz
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Yanga, Veracruz

Yanga
Municipality and town
Yanga is located in Mexico
Yanga
Yanga
Location in Mexico
Coordinates:
Country  Mexico
State Veracruz
Area
 • Total 102.82 km2 (39.70 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 15,547
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)

Yanga is a municipality located in the southern area of the State of Veracruz, Mexico, about 80 km from the state capital of Xalapa. Formerly known as San Lorenzo de los Negros or San Lorenzo de Cerralvo, after a Spanish colonial priest, it was renamed in 1932 after Yanga, the cimarron leader who in 1609 led a slave 'rising' against Spanish colonists in the province. He was a chief of the Yang-Bara tribe from the area of present-day Guinea, and the name means "prince" in his language.

Yanga demanded a series of concessions before laying down his weapons, and gained establishment of a free town of former black slaves a few kilometers from the city of Cordoba, Veracruz. It became known as San Lorenzo de los Negros or San Lorenzo de Cerralvo, named after Juan Laurencio, a Jesuit friar who had accompanied an expedition sent by the Viceroy to crush the rebels. After a series of bloody skirmishers in which the Spaniards lost more men than expected, officials reached agreement with Yanga, giving the town of San Lorenzo its "small independence". The black inhabitants of San Lorenzo proclaimed their loyalty to the Church and the King of Spain, but refused to pay tribute to the Spanish government. They also agreed to capture runaway slaves and return them to their masters in return for a fee. In 1932, the town of San Lorenzo was renamed Yanga in honor of the leader of the rebellion.

Geography

The municipality of Yanga is bordered to the east by Cuitláhuac, to the north-east by Atoyac and to the south-east by Omealca.[1]

Agriculture

It produces principally maize, beans, sugarcane, coffee and mango.

Celebrations

Every February, a festival is held to celebrate Virgen de Candelaria, the patron of the town, and every December there is a festival held in honour of the Virgin of Guadalupe. A festivity for San Lorenzo, the saint of the town, takes place each August. Every year in mid-August, a carnival is held to celebrate Gaspar Yanga, the former slaves who defeated the Spanish and gained the founding of a free village for former slaves in 1609, said to be the first free black city in the Americas. The 400th anniversary carnival was held in August 2009, four centuries after the town's recapture by the Spanish (though many slaves escaped).

Climate

The climate in Yanga is warm and humid, with an average temperature of 18°C and rains mainly in the summer and fall.

References

  1. ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México: Yanga" (in Spanish). Gobierno Estatal. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 

http://www.larramendi.es/i18n/catalogo_imagenes/grupo.cmd?path=1000201

External links

  • (Spanish) Municipal Official webpage
  • (Spanish) Municipal Official Information
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.