World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Yanshui District

Article Id: WHEBN0015358109
Reproduction Date:

Title: Yanshui District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tainan, Nan Jeon University of Science and Technology, South District, Tainan, Beimen District, Nanxi District, Tainan
Collection: Districts of Tainan, Festivals in Taiwan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Yanshui District

Yanshui District
Skyline of Yanshui
Yanshui District in Tainan City
Yanshui District in Tainan City
Country Republic of China (Taiwan)
Special municipality Tainan
 • Total 52.25 km2 (20.17 sq mi)
Population (December 2014)
 • Total 26,322

Yanshui District (Chinese: 鹽水區; pinyin: Yánshuǐ Qū; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kiâm-chúi-khu; literally: "salt-water town") is a district in Tainan, Taiwan, which is famous for its notoriously dangerous fireworks festival. The annual event commemorates a cholera epidemic more than a century ago, the fireworks symbolizing the exorcism of demons associated with the plague. The festival, known as Feng Pao, is celebrated on the 15th day after the beginning of the Lunar New Year, also called Shang Yuan Festival.


  • History 1
  • Administrative divisions 2
  • Festival 3
  • "Beehive" Firework 4
    • Danger 4.1
    • Protection 4.2
  • History 5
  • Geography 6
  • Tourist attractions 7
  • Education 8
  • Transportation 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12


In 1901 during Tainan Prefecture.

Administrative divisions

Shuixiu Village, Fude Village, Sansheng Village, Wumiao Village, Zhongjing Village, Shuixian Village, Shuizheng Village, Qiaonan Village, Jiuying Village, Jingshui Village, Annei Village, Yichou Village, Xiazhong Village, Huanya Village, Dazhuang Village, Tongliao Village, Houzhai Village, Xuncuo Village, Zhupu Village, Xialin Village, Tianliao Village, Dafeng Village, Fandian Village, Henan Village, Nangang Village.[1]


It is said that the Fireworks Festival originated from a cholera epidemic which broke out in the early ruling period of Kuanghsu Emperor of Ching Dynasty (around 1875) and lasted for more than twenty years.

In order to drive out the evil spirits and ward off the disease, the survivors invited the spirit of Kuan Kung (Kuan Ti), the Chinese god of war. Kuan Kung is worshipped as the God of War; since he was adept at managing finances, he is also worshipped as the patron saint of businessmen.

The deities of Heaven are able to inspect the land on the day of Lantern Festival by carrying the statue of Kuan Kung in palanquins and paraded around Yanshui and letting off masses of firecrackers, and the epidemic soon receded.

"Beehive" Firework

The most important of Yanshui's prominent fireworks are the so-called "bee hives", essentially multiple launchers of bottle rockets. These rocket forts are actually thousands of bottle rockets arranged row atop row in an iron-and-wooden framework. The setup looks like a beehive full of unleashed gunpowder. When the contraption is ignited, rockets shoot out rapidly in all directions. Dazzling explosives whiz and whirl across the sky and often into the crowd itself, both thrilling and intimidating the spectators.[2]

Amongst local adherents being hit by a rocket is an indication of good luck in the year to come, with the greater the number of hits the greater the luck. Locals will therefore dress in multiple layers ontop of which they wear homemade fireproofs (fireproofing the back of a jacket and pair of trousers, and wearing a cape of fire resistant material) and stand with their backs to the launchers. However, unless so prepared spectators are not allowed in the vicinity of the platforms.


Spectators have been wounded by rocketing fireworks while standing too close to the erupting hive. However, the festival is still held, despite moves to ban it.


To protect against injury, heavy clothing, a helmet with a full visor, and protective gloves are recommended for all spectators. Local residents modify motorcycle helmets by riveting fire retardant material to create an gorget at the front. If this is not done a towel is advised to be worn around the neck because many can temporarily lose their hearing if a stray rocket goes inside their helmet.


Yanshui used to be one of the five most important maritime towns in Taiwan, but it has declined since the harbor was closed in 1900. These days it is best known for the fireworks festival held 15 days after Lunar New Year.

Presently, there are no rail links to Yanshui. In the past, however, the Taiwan Sugar Corporation operated passenger services in Yanshui station, which have been preserved.


Tourist attractions



Yanshui is easy to reach by National Highway No.1, which passes through this town and Sinying. And, Yanshui which is by Provincial Highway No.9.

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^

External links

  • Yanshui District (Chinese)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.