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Yanzhou District

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Title: Yanzhou District  
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Subject: List of administrative divisions of Shandong, Fangzi District, Kuiwen District, Rencheng District, Shanting District
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Yanzhou District

Not to be confused with Yangzhou in Jiangsu, which was called Yanzhou in 7th century
Yanzhou
兖州
County-level city
兖州市
Yanzhou is located in Shandong
Yanzhou
Yanzhou
Location in Shandong
Coordinates:
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shandong
Prefecture-level city Jining
Township-level divisions 5 subdistricts
7 towns
Municipal seat Gulou Subdistrict (鼓楼街道)
Government
 • Mayor Zhang Yuhua (张玉华)
Area
 • County-level city 651 km2 (251 sq mi)
Elevation 45 m (148 ft)
Population (2006)
 • County-level city 600,000
 • Density 920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Urban 100,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 272100
Area code(s) 0537
Licence plate prefixes H
Major nationalities Han-99.55%
GDP 2007
 - Total 24,216 billion
 - Per capita ¥13,976
Website .cn.govyanzhou

Yanzhou (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Yenchow; simplified Chinese: 兖州; traditional Chinese: 兗州; pinyin: Yǎnzhōu) is a district and former county-level city under the administration of Jining, in the southwest of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.

Contents

  • Administration 1
    • Subdistricts (街道) 1.1
    • Towns (镇) 1.2
  • History 2
  • Climate 3
  • Economy 4
  • Transportation 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Administration

Yanzhou administers 5 subdistricts and 7 towns:[1]

Subdistricts (街道)

Towns (镇)

History

Yanzhou was the first place to install the "school-fields" xuetian in 1022, during the Song dynasty.[2]

In early European sources, based on accounts by French missionaries, the name of Yanzhou (Fu) is transcribed in the contemporary French manner, as Yen-tcheou-fou;[3] however, when reading 18th- and 19th-century books in French or English, care should be taken not to confuse Yanzhou in Shandong with the identically transcribed Yanzhou in Zhejiang.[4]

Climate

Yanzhou has a monsoon-influenced, four-season climate that lies in the transition between the humid subtropical (Köppen Cwa) and humid continental (Köppen Dwa) regimes. Winters are cold and dry while summers are hot and humid. Monthly daily average temperatures range from −1.3 °C (29.7 °F) in January to 26.8 °C (80.2 °F), while the annual mean temperature is 13.58 °C (56.4 °F). More than 70% of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September, with barely any occurring in the winter months. The city receives 2,461 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Yanzhou (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
7.5
(45.5)
13.4
(56.1)
20.9
(69.6)
26.3
(79.3)
31.2
(88.2)
31.5
(88.7)
30.6
(87.1)
26.9
(80.4)
21.2
(70.2)
13.3
(55.9)
6.7
(44.1)
19.5
(67.1)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
1.7
(35.1)
8.2
(46.8)
13.5
(56.3)
19.1
(66.4)
22.6
(72.7)
21.5
(70.7)
15.6
(60.1)
9.2
(48.6)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.9
(25)
8.4
(47.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8.4
(0.331)
8.9
(0.35)
20.6
(0.811)
31.7
(1.248)
49.4
(1.945)
82.2
(3.236)
184.2
(7.252)
142.2
(5.598)
65.3
(2.571)
41.7
(1.642)
16.4
(0.646)
9.2
(0.362)
660.2
(25.992)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.6 3.6 4.4 5.7 6.3 7.7 12.4 9.7 6.7 5.6 4.5 3.2 72.4
% humidity 66 61 60 61 65 64 80 82 76 72 71 68 68.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.5 166.5 202.7 236.8 263.2 244.5 205.4 224.1 208.5 205.5 174.6 164.6 2,460.9
Percent possible sunshine 53 54 55 61 61 57 47 54 56 59 57 54 55.7
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Economy

Yanzhou Coal Mining Company is headquartered in Yanzhou.

Transportation

References

  1. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:兖州市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  2. ^ Cambridge History of China, 5.1:695
  3. ^ E.g. in: Mémoires concernant l'histoire, les sciences, les arts, les moeurs, les usages, &c. des Chinois: par les missionnaires de Pékin, p. 361 
  4. ^ An historical, geographical, and philosophical view of the Chinese empire: comprehending a description of the fifteen provinces of China, Chinese Tartary; tributary states; natural history of China; government, religion, laws, manners and customs, literature, arts, sciences, manufactures, &c (2 ed.). p. 83. 

External links

  • Government website of Yanzhou (in Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, English, Japanese and Korean)
  • Yanzhou Daily on Net (in Simplified Chinese)
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