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Yazoo City, Mississippi

Yazoo City
City
Yazoo City, Mississippi
Location of Yazoo City, Mississippi
Location of Yazoo City, Mississippi
Yazoo City is located in USA
Yazoo City
Yazoo City
Location in the United States
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Yazoo
Area
 • Total 10.9 sq mi (28.3 km2)
 • Land 10.8 sq mi (27.9 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 112 ft (34 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 11,403
 • Estimate (2013)[2] 11,419
 • Density 1,349.2/sq mi (520.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 39194
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-81520
GNIS feature ID 0679921
Website City of Yazoo City

Yazoo City is a city in Yazoo County, Mississippi, United States. It was named after the Yazoo River, which, in turn was named by the French explorer Robert La Salle in 1682 as "Rivière des Yazous" in reference to the Yazoo tribe living near the river's mouth. It is the county seat of Yazoo County and the principal city of the Yazoo City Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger Jackson–Yazoo City Combined Statistical Area. According to the 2010 census, the population was 11,403.[1]

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
    • April 24, 2010 tornado 2.1
    • November 29, 2010 tornado 2.2
  • Government and infrastructure 3
  • Transportation 4
  • Demographics 5
  • Notable people 6
  • Education 7
  • Media 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Geography

Yazoo City is located at (32.856458, -90.407379),[3] 40 miles northwest of Jackson at the junctions of U.S. Routes 49, 49E, and 49W, and MS Highways 3, 16, and 149, on the banks of the Yazoo River, near the Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.

U.S. Route 49W provides a fairly direct link between Yazoo City and Belzoni. The old highway segment has been renamed Mississippi Highway 149. MS 149 passes through Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge and the communities of Louise and Midnight before reconnecting with the new US 49W at Silver City, seven miles south of Belzoni. The new highway makes the town of Carter so near that it might be considered for annexation by Yazoo City in a few years. There are now two bridges across the Yazoo River at Yazoo City.

The section of MS 3 in Yazoo City is called Haley Barbour Parkway. Barbour, the former governor of Mississippi, grew up in Yazoo City and has a home on Wolf Lake, a lake north of Yazoo City. U.S. Route 49 (part of which was formerly U.S. 49E) through Yazoo City is named Jerry Clower Boulevard, after the famous comedian, a former resident of Yazoo City.

Yazoo City is also known as the "Gateway to the Delta" due to its location on the transition between the two great landforms that characterize the geography of Mississippi (the western part of the city lies in the Mississippi Delta and the eastern part lies in the loess bluffs that characterize most of eastern Mississippi).

Ricks Memorial Library, Yazoo City

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.9 square miles (28 km2), of which 10.8 square miles (28 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.19%) is water.

History

Child Labor in Yazoo City, 1911. Photo by Lewis Hine.

The community now known as Yazoo City was founded in 1824 with the name Hannan's Bluff. It was later renamed Manchester, then changed to Yazoo City in 1841. Yazoo City became the county seat in 1849.

A yellow fever epidemic struck Yazoo City in 1853. During the American Civil War, a makeshift shipyard was established on the Yazoo River at Yazoo City after the Confederate loss of New Orleans. The shipyard was destroyed by Union forces in 1863, but the Confederates soon recovered Yazoo City. Union forces returned the following year and this time burned down almost the entire town.

Yazoo City was rebuilt, but yellow fever struck and took more victims in 1878. In 1904 a fire destroyed much of central Yazoo City. According to a local legend, the fire was caused by a witch avenging her death. In reality, a boy playing with matches accidentally set a house ablaze. The fire quickly spread and three-fourths of the town was destroyed, including most of the homes. It was stopped by a canal, which saved the new courthouse (built in 1872 to replace the one burned by the Union forces) and ten antebellum homes nearby. The town took almost two years to recover.

The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 did much damage to the entire Delta, but Yazoo City was restored and is now protected by an effective flood prevention system.

April 24, 2010 tornado

Yazoo City sign after April 24, 2010 tornado
AmeriCorps volunteers cleaning up tornado damage, May 2010

A strong tornado, rated EF4 on the Enhanced Fujita Scale and with a path width of 1.75 miles, hit Yazoo County on April 24, 2010.[4] Four people were killed in the Yazoo City area, and a number were seriously injured; four of the victims were airlifted to the University of Mississippi Medical Center in the capital city of Jackson, 40 miles away. The Governor of Mississippi, Haley Barbour, toured the area in a National Guard helicopter and held a news conference on the disaster at 3:30 PM US Central Time.[5][5] The tornado and the aftermath were shown in an episode of the Discovery Channel series Storm Chasers, and there are several videos on YouTube, which show considerable detail and descriptions.

November 29, 2010 tornado

At approximately 8:05 pm local time (Central), Yazoo City was struck by two tornadoes: first, an EF-2 tornado three miles southwest of town, then a second EF-2 within the city limits, causing significant damage to several downtown buildings.

Government and infrastructure

The mayor of Yazoo City is Diane Delaware. The United States Postal Service operates the Yazoo City Post Office.[6]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Federal Correctional Complex, Yazoo City, which consists of FCI Yazoo City Low and FCI Yazoo City Medium.[7]

Transportation

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Yazoo City using the Yazoo City Station. The Amtrak station is located at 222 West Broadway.

Yazoo County Airport is in unincorporated Yazoo County,[8] 2 miles (3.2 km) west of central Yazoo City. Lynne W. Jeter of the Mississippi Business Journal said in 2001 that the county airport "may have played an important role in landing the multi-phase federal prison project that is currently under expansion."[9]

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,550 people, 4,271 households, and 2,968 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,349.2 people per square mile (521.1/km²). There were 4,676 housing units at an average density of 433.6 per square mile (167.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 28.73% White, 69.68% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.47% of the population.

There were 4,271 households out of which 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.5% were married couples living together, 32.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.49.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 112.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,893, and the median income for a family was $22,470. Males had a median income of $26,109 versus $18,650 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,251. About 35.0% of families and 40.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 52.5% of those under age 18 and 23.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

Education

Yazoo City is served by the Yazoo City Municipal School District. Yazoo County High School and Yazoo City High School serve as the main public schools. There are four private schools: Thomas Christian Academy (Pre-K–12), Manchester Academy (Pre-K–12) Covenant Christian School (K–6th grade), and Benton Academy (Pre-K–12).

Media

WBYP and WYAZ, both FM, are two local radio stations. The Yazoo Herald, is Yazoo County's only daily newspaper.

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b [1] Archived March 5, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Post Office Location - YAZOO CITY." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 21, 2010.
  7. ^ [2] Archived July 28, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for 87I - Retrieved on September 23, 2010.
  9. ^ Jeter, Lynne W. "Airports an advantage when it comes to site selection." Mississippi Business Journal. March 26, 2001. Retrieved on September 21, 2010.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^

External links

  • History of Yazoo City's Jewish community (from the Institute of Southern Jewish Life)
  • Satellite images from the 24 April 2010 tornado outbreak (CIMSS Satellite Blog)
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