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Yolande of Dreux, Queen of Scotland

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Title: Yolande of Dreux, Queen of Scotland  
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Language: English
Subject: 1263 births, Montfort of Brittany, Robert IV, Count of Dreux, 1330 deaths, Sybilla of Normandy
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Yolande of Dreux, Queen of Scotland

Yolande of Dreux (1263 – 2 August 1322) was Countess of Montfort in her own right. Through her first marriage to Alexander III of Scotland, Yolande became Queen consort of the Kingdom of Scotland. Through her second marriage to Arthur II, Duke of Brittany, she became Duchess Consort of Brittany. She was the daughter of Robert IV, Count of Dreux, and Beatrice, Countess of Montfort.


Coat of arms (House of Dreux)

Yolande belonged to the Capetian dynasty and had close ties to other prominent noble families. Her father was a patrilineal descendant of King Louis VI of France, her paternal grandmother Marie de Bourbon was a cousin of Guy of Dampierre, Count of Flanders, while her mother Beatrice was the only child of Count John I of Montfort-l'Amaury and his wife Jeanne, Dame de Chateaudun. Yolande succeeded her mother as suo iure Countess of Montfort.

Yolande was the second wife of Alexander III, King of Scots, who married her in search of an heir. Yolande's marriage to Alexander followed the death of the last surviving child of his marriage to Margaret, daughter of Henry III of England, a son who was also named Alexander. In addition to providing an heir for the Kingdom of Scotland, Alexander's marriage to Yolande represented a move to distance Alexander from his neighbour Edward I of England, and to emphasize Scottish independence from England. Yolande was related to her husband Alexander III, through shared ancestry in the French noble houses of Coucy and Dreux. The marriage was celebrated on 15 October 1285 at Jedburgh Abbey.

Alexander died on either 18 March or 19 March 1286, after falling from his horse, while riding from his court at Edinburgh to join Yolande at Kinghorn. It appears that by this time the Queen was believed to be pregnant with the expected heir. The Guardians of Scotland were elected by a parliament held at Scone, Perth and Kinross on 2 April or 28 April 1286 to govern the kingdom pending the birth of the child. It is unclear what happened to her pregnancy; most likely she had a miscarriage. However, by one account the Guardians gathered at Clackmannan on Saint Catherine's Day — 25 November 1286 — to witness the birth, but the child was stillborn. [1] [2]


Yolande's second marriage to Arthur II, was from 1292 to his death in 1312. Yolande and Arthur had at least six children:

  • [[John IV, Duke of Brittany|
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