World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Yuhanna ibn Bukhtishu

Article Id: WHEBN0002042491
Reproduction Date:

Title: Yuhanna ibn Bukhtishu  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Islamic medicine, Al-Kaŝkarī, Muhammad ibn Aslam Al-Ghafiqi, Al-Nagawri, Amin al-Din Rashid al-Din Vatvat
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Yuhanna ibn Bukhtishu

Yuhanna ibn Bukhtishu (Johannes Bukhtishu) was a 9th-century Persian[1] or Syriac[2] physician from Khuzestan, Persia.[3][4]

Yuhanna ibn Bukhtishu‘ (or Bakhtishu‘) was a member of a prominent family of Nestorian Christian physicians originally from Jundishapur in Khuzastan who worked in Baghdad from the 8th through the 10th centuries. The name is composite of middle Persian Bukht (saved)[5] and Syriac Ishu' (Jesus), which means saved by Jesus or one whose saviour is Jesus.

Yuhanna ibn Bukhtishu was the illegitimate son of Jabril Ibn Bukhtishu (d. 870CE) who was physician to the caliphs al-Ma'mun, al-Wathiq and Al-Mutawakkil in Baghdad.

Ibn Bukhtishu‘, who worked in Baghdad about 892CE, is known to have written a treatise on astrological knowledge necessary for a physician, but the treatise is now lost. It is uncertain whether he was in fact the author of a treatise on materia medica that is attributed to him in the extant copies, of which The National Library of Medicine has one.

See also

Further reading

  • Manfred Ullmann, Die Medizin im Islam, Handbuch der Orientalistik, Abteilung I, Ergänzungsband vi, Abschnitt 1 (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1970), p. 111
  • Fuat Sezgin, Medizin-Pharmazie-Zoologie-Tierheilkunde bis ca 430 H., Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Band 3 (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1970), p. 258
  • Ibn Abi Usaybi'ah, 'Uyun al-anba' fi tabaqat al-atibba', ed. A. Müller, 2 vols. (Cairo and Königsberg: al-Matba'ah al-Wahbiyah, 1882–1884) vol. I p. 202.

For the family of physicians, see Lutz Richter-Bernburg, "Boktisu" in Encyclopædia Iranica, ed. Ehsan Yarshater, 6+ vols. (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul and Costa Mesa: Mazda, 1983 to present), vol. 4, pp 333–336.

Notes

  1. ^ Philip Jenkins, The Lost History of Christianity, (HarperCollins, 2008), 78.
  2. ^ Bonner, Michael David; Ener, Mine; Singer, Amy (2003). Poverty and charity in Middle Eastern contexts. SUNY Press. p. 97.  
  3. ^ Islamic Culture and the Medical Arts, U.S. National Library of Medicine
  4. ^ The first Persian Muslims, who replaced the Persian Christian physicians (bukhtishu' and Maswaih or Masua), was Ahmad b. Al-Tayib al-Sarakhsi (died 900).(Frye, Richaard, Heritage of Persian, Mazda Publishers Inc, fourth edition published in 2004, pages 163-164)
  5. ^ D. N. MacKenzie, A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary, London, 1971


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.