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Zeballos, British Columbia

Zeballos
Village
The Corporation of the Village of Zeballos[1]
Zeballos is located in British Columbia
Zeballos
Location of Zeballos in British Columbia
Coordinates:
Country  Canada
Province  British Columbia
Region Vancouver Island
Regional district Strathcona
Founded 1930s
Incorporated 1952
Government
 • Governing body Zeballos Village Council
 • Mayor Edward (Ted) Lewis
Area
 • Total 1.45 km2 (0.56 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 125
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
Waterways Esperanza Inlet
Website Village of Zeballos

Zeballos (pop. 125) is a village located on the northwest coast of Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada. While legend suggests Spanish gold seekers may have explored the area in the late 16th century, Zeballos is now known for its ecotourism and sport fishing.

Contents

  • Location and geography 1
  • History 2
  • Economy 3
  • Miscellaneous 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Location and geography

Zeballos is a deep-sea port surrounded by rugged mountains and forests, located on the Zeballos River delta, at the end of Zeballos Inlet. It is accessible from Highway 19, about a two and half hour drive north of Campbell River. Zeballos' position relative to nearby Nootka Sound and Kyuquot Sound make it a popular "jump-off" point for tourists and anglers. Other areas of interest include Nootka Island, Fair Harbour, a 35 km (22 mi) trip by unpaved road from Zeballos, and Brooks Peninsula Provincial Park.

History

The eponymous inlet was named for Lt. Ciriaco Ceballos, a crew member aboard an early ship of Spanish explorer Alessandro Malaspina's expedition (1789-1794), the location of Zeballos remained relatively obscure until over 120 years later, when a mining camp by that name emerged due to a gold rush in the 1930s. The name became official as that of the local post office in 1946 and was incorporated as a village municipality in 1952.[2] Although estimates vary, Zeballos may have had a population of over 5,000 during the peak of mining activity. Between 1938 and 1943, $13 million worth of gold bricks were shipped from Zeballos.[3]

Zeballos harbour

With the onset of World War II, Zeballos lost significant numbers of its workforce to the Canadian Army. Eventually, the mines began to close. Although post-war efforts were made to begin production again, the set price of $35.00 an ounce made it uneconomical for the mines to continue operating.[4] Within twenty years, the mines had closed for good.

In the 1950s, logging emerged as a promising new industry for the village. In 1964, an iron mine was established. Although the timber industry proved successful for the community, the mine shut its doors just five years after opening.

In 1964, the Good Friday earthquake and ensuing tsunami brought destruction to the small coastal community. Charles Ford, a young seaplane pilot and resident of Zeballos, wrote:

On April 27, 2004, the body of young resident Kayla John was found in a wooded area close to her home. The murder made national headlines, shaking this tiny community of under two hundred and fifty people. Less than one month after her death, a local man, George Osmond, was charged with the death of the thirteen-year-old girl.[6] He was convicted and sentenced to life in prison shortly thereafter.[7]

The fact that Kayla John was a member of the Ehattesaht First Nation, and that her alleged killer was a white man, lead to suggestion of the crime having racial undertones. It also brought attention to the developing issue of juvenile delinquency in the area, a problem faced by many isolated, predominantly First Nations communities. [6] The public's growing concern resulted in a locally organized policing initiative: Citizens on Patrol.[7]

Economy

Today, the majority of the town's residents, along with the population of the two neighbouring Native reserves, Oculcje and Ehatis are employed in the timber industry.

Small businesses, specializing in ecotourism, sight-seeing, commercial fishing and oyster farming also contribute to economic growth in the area.[8]

Miscellaneous

View in Zeballos harbour
  • Zeballos offers a multitude of outdoor adventures, such as hiking, wildlife viewing, caving, rock climbing, diving, kayaking and fishing.
  • Camping is available in several wilderness locations such as Little Zeballos, Lake Zeballos, and Iron Mine.

References

  1. ^ "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" ( 
  2. ^ BC Names/GeoBC entry "Zeballos (village)
  3. ^ britishcolumbia.com page on Zeballos
  4. ^ Zeballos history page
  5. ^ [9]
  6. ^ [10]
  7. ^ CBC story on the murder

External links

  • Zeballos homepage
  • BritishColumbia.com guide to Zeballos
  • Photos and Local history of Zeballos
  • a resident's account of the tsunami of 1964
  • CENTRAL ZEBALLOS, BIBB, EXTENSION NO. 6 (L.1049), RENO GOLD, AE, AD, B2-B6, M2,5,6, MON FRACTIONBC MINFILE record
  • (Privateer Mine)PRIVATEER (L.1040), PRIVATEER MINE, NEW PRIVATEER, PRIDENT, PRIVATEER NO. 3 (L.1041), PRIVATEER NO. 7 (L.1042), ZEBALLOSBC MINFILE record
  • GOLD FIELD (L.1020), SPUD VALLEY (GOLD FIELD), GOLD FIELD MINE, SPUR, GOLDFIELD

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