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Zhambyl Province

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Title: Zhambyl Province  
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Subject: Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Government of Kazakhstan, Dungan people, Provinces of Kazakhstan, Taraz, Zhambyl, Chu River, Pontic Greeks, Dungan revolt (1862–77), Talas River
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Zhambyl Province

Jambyl Province
Жамбыл облысы
Жамбылская область
Province

Coat of arms

Map of Kazakhstan, location of Jambyl Province highlighted

Coordinates: 44°0′N 72°0′E / 44.000°N 72.000°E / 44.000; 72.000Coordinates: 44°0′N 72°0′E / 44.000°N 72.000°E / 44.000; 72.000

Country  Kazakhstan
Capital Taraz
Government
 • Akim Kanat Bozymbayev
Area[1]
 • Total 144,200 km2 (55,700 sq mi)
Population (2013-02-01)[2]
 • Total 1,071,645
 • Density 7.4/km2 (19/sq mi)
Time zone East (UTC+6)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+6)
Postal codes 080000
Area codes +7 (726)
ISO 3166 code KZ-ZHA
Vehicle registration 08, H
Districts 10
Cities 4
Villages 367
Website http://www.zhambyl.kz/

Jambyl Province (Kazakh: Жамбыл облысы, Jambıl oblısı) is a province of Kazakhstan. Its capital is Taraz. The population of the province is 1,000,000; the city is 335,100. The province borders Kyrgyzstan, and is very near Uzbekistan (all to the south). Jambyl also borders three other provinces: Karagandy Province (to the north), South Kazakhstan Province (to the west) and Almaty Province (to the east). The total area is 144,200 square kilometres (55,700 sq mi). The province borders Lake Balkhash to its northeast. The province (and its capital during the Soviet era) was named after the Kazakh akyn (folk singer) Jambyl Jabayev.

Population

An estimated 1.2 million people lived in the province in 2010. The population contains than 100 nationalities and nationalities. Kazakhs comprise about 65% of the population. The lowest concentration of Kazakhs is in Taraz (Dzhambul) though there their share has grown from 23% in 1989 to 60% in 2009.

History

See Taraz for a detailed account of the history of the provincial capital.

Administrative divisions

The province is administratively divided into ten districts and the cities of Janatas, Karatau, Shu, and Taraz.[3]

  1. Bayzak District, with the administrative center in the selo of Sarykemer;
  2. Jambyl District, the selo of Asy;
  3. Korday District, the selo of Korday;
  4. Merki District, the selo of Merki;
  5. Moiynkum District, the selo of Moiynkum;
  6. Sarysu District, the town of Janatas;
  7. Shu District, the selo of Tole bi;
  8. Talas District, the town of Karatau;
  9. Turar Ryskulov District, the selo of Kulan;
  10. Zhualy District, the selo of Bauyrjan Momyshuly.

Economy

Important industries include rock phosphate mining (around Karatau). The Shu River valley is one of Kazakhstan's important areas of irrigated agriculture.

The core of the rail transportation network in the region is based on the east-west Turksib rail line, which runs through Taraz and Shu toward Almaty, and the north-south Transkazakhstan line, which runs north from Shu toward Astana. CIS Highway M 39 (which in this area forms part of European route E40) comes from Tashkent, Uzbekistan over Shymkent (capital of neighbouring province South Kazakhstan) and runs further over Taraz to Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan; then it comes to Jambyl Province again through Korday border crossing and continues east toward Almaty.

Gallery

References

External links

  • Official website
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