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Zhu Yihai

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Zhu Yihai

Zhu Yihai, Prince of Lu
Emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty
Reign 1645 - 1655
Predecessor Luwang Emperor
Successor Shaowu Emperor
Prince of Lu
Reign 1644 - June 1662
Predecessor Zhu Yipai (朱以派)
Successor Zhu Hongheng (朱弘桓)
Spouse ?
Full name
Family name: Zhu (朱)
Given name: Yihai (以海)
Era name and dates
Gengyin (庚寅): 1645 - June 1655
Posthumous name
Temple name
Ming Yizong
House Southern Ming Dynasty
Father Zhu Shouyong (朱寿镛)
Mother ?
Born 1618
Died 1662

The Gengyin Emperor (Chinese: 庚寅; 1618–1662), personal name Zhu Yihai (Chinese: 朱以海), was an emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty, reigning from 1645 to 1655. His temple name was Emperor Yì of the Ming (义宗 Ming Yizong).


Born Zhu Yihai in 1618, during the 46th year of the reign of Wanli Emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Son of Zhu Shouyong, he was the 10th-generation descendant of Hongwu Emperor.

He succeeded the title of Prince of Lu from his elder brother, Zhu Yipai. The throne of passed to him when his father died of an unusual illness. Many myths in this region have explored the illness that struck Yihai's father, ranging from the claim of food poisoning due to court rivalry to a plague due to disrespect to the Buddha.[1]


The Prince of Lu was part of the resistance against the invading Manchu Qing dynasty forces. His primary consort (元妃), Lady Chen, committed suicide during the impending fall of the Ming. The location of her suicide can still be found on the island of Zhoushan.

In 1651 he fled to the island of Kinmen, which in 1663 was taken over by the invading force.[1] His grave was discovered on the island in 1959, which disproved the theory advanced by the 18th-century History of Ming that he was killed by Koxinga. His eldest son, Zhu Hónghuán (弘桓), married the fourth daughter of Koxinga and went to live in Taiwan under the protection of Zheng Jing, his brother-in-law and worked as a farmer.[2][3]


  • The Pacification of Taiwan by the Great Qing (大清台湾绥记).
  1. ^ a b Frederic Wakeman Jr. (1986). Great Enterprise: The Manchu Reconstruction of the Imperial Order in Seventeenth-century China. University of California Press. p. 114.  
  2. ^ Brief Biographies of Historical Figures in Taiwan: From the Ming and Qing to the Japanese Occupation (臺灣歷史人物小傳—明清暨日據時期). National Library of Taiwan. December 2, 2003. p. 102. 
  3. ^ "Historic Documents on Taiwan (臺灣文獻)" 41 (3 & 4). 1990. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
Zhu Yihai
Born: 1618 Died: 1662
Regnal titles
Preceded by
The Luwang Emperor
Emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty
Succeeded by
The Shaowu Emperor
Preceded by
Zhu Yipai (朱以派)
Prince Lu of Ming Dynasty
Succeeded by
Zhu Hongheng (朱弘桓)
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