World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Zulma Bouffar

Article Id: WHEBN0026933197
Reproduction Date:

Title: Zulma Bouffar  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jacques Offenbach, Carmen
Collection: 1841 Births, 1909 Deaths, French Opera Singers, French Operatic Sopranos, French Theatre Managers and Producers, People from Lot-Et-Garonne
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Zulma Bouffar

Zulma Bouffar

Zulma Madeleine Boufflar, known as Zulma Bouffar, born Nérac 24 May 1841, died Couilly-Pont-aux-Dames 20 January 1909, was a French actress and soprano singer, associated with the opéra-bouffe of Paris in the second half of the 19th century who enjoyed a successful career around Europe.[1]

Life and career

Aged only 6 Bouffar appeared in La fille bien gardée in Marseille, and followed this with successful performances in Lyon. Her father then toured with her around western Europe and Scandinavia. After her father’s death in 1854 she continued travelling, bringing into her repertoire some of the contemporary songs of Offenbach, who heard her sing in Hamburg in 1864. The same year Bouffar appeared at Bad Ems in Offenbach's Lischen et Fritzchen, and repeated her success in Paris.[2]

From this time for about 12 years Bouffar was probably Offenbach's mistress – his longest extra-marital liaison.[3] She created Nani in Les bergers, Gabrielle in La vie Parisienne, Drogan in Geneviève de Brabant, Toto in Le château à Toto, Fragoletto in Les Brigands, Robin Luron in Le Roi Carotte, Ginetta in Les braconniers, Moschetta in Il signor Fagotto and Prince Caprice in Le voyage dans la lune – a range of men's and women's roles.[2]

In 1873 Bouffar was reported in the Parisian press to have been considered for the title role of Bizet's new opera, Carmen. Although the composer refuted the story, the singer did attend the premiere of the piece in 1875.[4]

From 1891-93 Bouffar became the manager of the Théâtre de l'Ambigu-Comique. In the latter part of her stage career, Bouffar appeared in operettas by Lecocq and Strauss, and sang around Europe. She announced her retirement from the stage in 1902.[2]


  1. ^ Gänzl K. Zulma Bouffar. In: The New Grove Dictionary of Opera. Macmillan, London and New York, 1997.
  2. ^ a b c Gänzl K. The Encyclopaedia of the Musical Theatre. Blackwell, Oxford, 1994.
  3. ^ Harding J. Jacques Offenbach, a biography. John Calder, London, 1980.
  4. ^ Curtiss M. Bizet and his world. New York, Vienna House, 1958.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.