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Western Liang (Sixteen Kingdoms)


Western Liang (Sixteen Kingdoms)

Western Liang (西涼)
Vassal of Later Qin, Jin Dynasty (265-420), Northern Wei, Liu Song

Capital Dunhuang (400-405, 420-421)
Jiuquan (405-420)
Government Monarchy
 •  400-417 Li Gao
 •  417-420 Li Xin
 •  420-421 Li Xun
 •  Established 400
 •  Fall of Jiuquan 420
 •  Disestablished 421

The Western Liang (; 400-421) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms in China, one of the "Five Liang" (Wu Liang) of this era. Western Liang was founded by the Li family of the Han Chinese. The founder of the Tang Dynasty, Li Yuan (Emperor Gaozu), traced his patrilineal ancestry to the Western Liang rulers, and traced the ancestry of the Western Liang rulers to Li Guang and Laozi in the paternal line. The Li family of Western Liang were known as the Longxi Li lineage (隴西李氏).

All rulers of the Western Liang proclaimed themselves "wang".

Rulers of the Western Liang

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family and given names
Taizu (太祖 Tàizǔ) Wuzhao (武昭 Wǔzhāo) Li Gao (李暠 Lǐ Gǎo) 400-417 Gengzi (庚子 Gēngzǐ) 400-405

Jianchu (建初 Jiànchū) 406-417

Did not exist Houzhu (後主 Hòuzhǔ) Li Xin (李歆 Lǐ Xīn) 417-420 Jiaxing (嘉興 Jīaxīng) 417-420
Did not exist Houzhu (後主 Hòuzhǔ) Li Xun (李恂 Lǐ Xún) 420-421 Yongjian (永建 Yǒngjiàn) 420-421

Rulers family tree

See also

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