World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gustave De Molinari

Article Id: WHEBN0000012719
Reproduction Date:

Title: Gustave De Molinari  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Murray Rothbard, Minarchism, Private defense agency, Law of equal liberty, Walter Block
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Gustave De Molinari

Gustave de Molinari
Born 3 March 1819
Liège, United Kingdom of the Netherlands
Died 28 January 1912(1912-01-28) (aged 92)
Adinkerke, Belgium
Nationality Belgian
School/tradition Classical liberalism
Influences Frédéric Bastiat
Influenced Paul Émile de Puydt, Murray Rothbard, Benjamin Tucker

Gustave de Molinari (3 March 1819 – 28 January 1912) was a political economist and classical liberal theorist born in Belgium associated with French laissez-faire economists such as Frédéric Bastiat and Hippolyte Castille. Living in Paris, in the 1840s, he took part in the Ligue pour la Liberté des Échanges (Free Trade League), animated by Frédéric Bastiat. On his death bed in 1850, Bastiat described Molinari as the continuator of his works. In 1849, shortly after the revolutions of the previous year, Molinari published two works: an essay, "The Production of Security", and a book, Les Soirées de la Rue Saint-Lazare, describing how a market in justice and protection could advantageously replace the state.

In the 1850s, Molinari fled to Belgium to escape threats from France's Emperor Napoleon III. He returned to Paris in the 1860s to work on the influential newspaper, Le Journal des Débats, which he edited from 1871 to 1876. Molinari went on to edit the Journal des Économistes, the publication of the French Political Economy Society, from 1881 until 1909. In his 1899 book, The Society of Tomorrow, he proposed a federated system of collective security, and reiterated his support for private competing defense agencies.

"In his last work, published a year before his death in 1912, Molinari never relented:[1]

The American Civil War had not been simply a humanitarian crusade to free the slaves. The war "ruined the conquered provinces", but the Northern plutocrats pulling the strings achieved their aim: the imposition of a vicious protectionism that led ultimately "to the regime of trusts and produced the billionaires."

Molinari's grave is located at Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, France.

Influence

Some anarcho-capitalists consider Molinari to be the first proponent of anarcho-capitalism.[1] In the preface to the 1977 English translation Murray Rothbard called "The Production of Security" the "first presentation anywhere in human history of what is now called anarcho-capitalism" though admitting that "Molinari did not use the terminology, and probably would have balked at the name." Austrian School economist Hans-Hermann Hoppe says that "the 1849 article 'The Production of Security' is probably the single most important contribution to the modern theory of anarcho-capitalism."[2] In the past, Molinari influenced some of the political thoughts of individualist anarchist Benjamin Tucker and the Liberty circle.[3]

The market anarchist Molinari Institute, headed by philosopher Roderick Long, is named after Molinari, whom it calls the "originator of the theory of Market Anarchism."[4]

References and notes

  1. ^ a b Raico, Ralph (2011-03-29) Neither the Wars Nor the Leaders Were Great, Mises Institute
  2. ^ Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. Anarcho-Capitalism: An Annotated Bibliography
  3. ^ David Hart's Gustave De Molinari And The Anti-Statist Liberal Tradition
  4. ^ Molinari Institute

Further reading

  • Hart, David (2008). "Molinari, Gustave de (1819–1912)". In  

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.