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Transport in Taiwan

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Title: Transport in Taiwan  
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Subject: Civil Aeronautics Administration (Republic of China)
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Transport in Taiwan

The Ministry of Transportation and Communications of the Republic of China is the cabinet level (as one of the ministries of the Executive Yuan) governing body for the transportation network of Taiwan.

Land transportation


  • Total length: 41,475 km (2009)
    • National highway: 901 km
    • Provincial highway: 4,680 km
  • highways: 20,947 km (including 872 km of freeways)
  • urban roads: 16,395, km


Total:1,580 km (2009) (all on the island of Taiwan)

Conventional rail


Currently, the Taipei Metro in Taipei and the Kaohsiung MRT in Kaohsiung are the only two operational rapid transit systems in Taiwan. Several other cities in Taiwan, including Taoyuan and Taichung, have metro systems under construction. In addition, the TRA is planning on introducing commuter services that run similar to rapid transit systems, including moving its lines underground in central Kaohsiung.[1]

Taipei Metro 台北捷運 1996 The Taipei Metro runs on an extensive network of VAL and elevated/underground metro systems throughout the metropolitan area of Taipei. Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit 高雄捷運 2008 The KMRT runs a metro network throughout the metropolitan area of Kaohsiung. The Red Line is in operation as of March 9, 2008. The Orange Line opened on September 14, 2008. Now another light rail system in downtown Kaohsiung are planned. Taiwan Taoyuan International, Airport Access MRT System 台灣桃園機場, 聯外捷運系統 2013 (planned) This line will connect from Taipei Main Station, throughing Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, and THSR Taoyuan Station to Zhongli. Taoyuan Mass Rapid Transit System 桃園捷運 2013 (planned) A section of route had merged into the Airport MRT System, with the extension currently under construction. More lines are still in the planning phase. Taichung Metropolitan Area MRT System 台中捷運 2015 (planned) The green line project was approved in 2004. It is currently under construction and is scheduled for completion by 2015. Tainan Mass Rapid Transit System 台南捷運 Due to the slower decrease of population, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications has postponed this project in January 2010. Hsinchu Mass Rapid, Transit System 新竹捷運 Due to the slower decrease of population, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications has postponed this project in January 2010.

High speed rail

The Taiwan High Speed Rail (THSR) commenced operations on January 5, 2007, after some delays in 2006. The THSR connects Taipei City in the northeast of the island of Taiwan to Kaohsiung City in the southwest. The journey time is about 90 minutes compared to 4 hours by conventional rail. 30 Shinkansen Class 700T sets are running on the 345 km HSL, with station stops at Taipei Main station, Banciao, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, Tainan and Zuoying near Kaoshiung. Four additional stations are planned: Nangang in eastern Taipei, Miaoli, Changhua and Yunlin. In 2008 THSR increased the number of trains to 88 per day, each way.

The Shinkansen 700T is similar to the Japanese 700 Nozomi. It operates in 12 car sets (9 powered, 3 trailers) at a speed limit of 300 km/h over standard gauge 1435 mm track. OCS power is 25 kV AC 60Hz.

Gondola lifts

Air transportation


Total: 40

length of runways:

  • over 3,047 m: 6 (Taiwan Taoyuan, Taichung, Kaohsiung, Tainan, Chiayi, Pingtung)
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 5 (Kinmen, Magong, Hualien, Songshan, Taitung)
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (Hengchun, Nangan)
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 4 (Beigan, Lanyu, Lyudao, Wan'an)
  • under 914 m: 1 (Qimei)


Total: 2 (2012)

Sea transportation

Ports and harbors

Taiwan is surrounded by sea on all sides.

Major ports: Kaohsiung, Keelung, Taichung, Hualien

Other ports: Anping, Su'ao, Taipei

Interior ports: Budai, Magong

Merchant marine: 112 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,827,173 GRT/6,121,877 metric tons deadweight (DWT) (2010)
ships by type:

  • bulk 35
  • cargo 20
  • chemical tanker 1
  • container 31
  • petroleum tanker 12
  • passenger/cargo 4
  • refrigerated cargo 7
  • roll on/roll off 2


natural gas 412 km (2010)

See also


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