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Ka Hana Lawaia a Me Na Ko’A O Na Kai ‘Ewalu Vol. 2

By Kepa Maly

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Book Id: WPLBN0002096800
Format Type: Default
File Size: 2 MB
Reproduction Date: 6/14/2011

Title: Ka Hana Lawaia a Me Na Ko’A O Na Kai ‘Ewalu Vol. 2  
Author: Kepa Maly
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, Education, Hawaiian History
Collections: Education, Authors Community, Recreation, Finance, Sociology, Medicine, Literature, Naval Science, Economy, Social Sciences, History, Government, Political Science
Publication Date:
Publisher: Kumu Pono Associates Llc
Member Page: Hale Kuamoʻo Hawaiian Language Center


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Maly, K. (n.d.). Ka Hana Lawaia a Me Na Ko’A O Na Kai ‘Ewalu Vol. 2. Retrieved from

Summary of detailed findings from research on the history of fishing practices and marine fisheries of the Hawaiian islands compiled from: native Hawaiian traditions, historical accounts, government communications, kama?aina testimony and ethnography

In a traditional Hawaiian context, nature and culture are one and the same, there is no division between the two. The wealth and limitations of the land and ocean resources gave birth to, and shaped the Hawaiian world view. The ?aina (land), wai (water), kai (ocean), and lewa (sky) were the foundation of life and the source of the spiritual relationship between people and their environs. Every aspect of life, whether in the sky, on land, or of the waters was believed to have been the physical body-forms assumed by the creative forces of nature, and the greater and lesser gods and goddesses of the Hawaiian people. Respect and care for nature, in turn meant that nature would care for the people. Thus, Hawaiian culture, for the most part, evolved in a healthy relationship with the nature around it, and until the arrival of foreigners on Hawaiian shores, the health and well-being of the people was reflected in the health of nature around them. Today, whether looking to the sea and fisheries, or to the flat lands and mountains, or to the condition of the people, it is all too easy to find signs of stress and diminishing health of Hawaiian nature and the native culture. As will be seen in this study, this is clearly evident in the condition of Hawaiian fisheries, which traditionally extended from the kuahiwi–kualono (mountains), to the kai popolohua a Kane (the deep purple-blue seas of the god Kane).


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