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Interval Neutrosophic Sets and Logic : Theory and Applications in Computing

By: Florentin Smarandache

This book presents the advancements and applications of neutrosophics. Chapter 1 rst introduces the interval neutrosophic sets which is an instance of neutrosophic sets. In this chapter, the denition of interval neutrosophic sets and set-theoretic operators are given and various properties of interval neutrosophic set are proved. Chapter 2 denes the interval neutrosophic logic based on interval neutrosophic sets including the syntax and semantics of rst order interval neutrosophic propositional logic and rst order interval neutrosophic predicate logic. The interval neutrosophic logic can reason and model fuzzy, incomplete and inconsistent information. In this chapter, we also design an interval neutrosophic inference system based on rst order interval neutrosophic predicate logic. The interval neutrosophic inference system can be applied to decision making. Chapter 3 gives one application of interval neutrosophic sets and logic in the eld of relational databases. Neutrosophic data model is the generalization of fuzzy data model and paraconsistent data model. Here, we generalize various set-theoretic and relation-theoretic operations...

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The Making of Planet and Gravity (Brief) : Comprehensive Study of Mysteries in Science

By: Cres Huang

Falling body experiments have shown gravity is not an attraction. Analogous to rolling a snow ball in space, objects in the path would be picked up. The larger the snow ball grows, the tighter it gets. Matter and the force of union would be incorporated. Dust particles build sand, then rock, and so forth, along with gravity. The force, or energy, is trapped within the structure. All joined elements share this center aiming potential, gravity. The coalition of mass and energy forms an activity center of building structures and emerging of a plant....

Gravity is not attraction. It is push, squeeze, or compression. The gathering of mases build a body and it's force of coalition, gravity. It might feel weak on an object. However, gravity center is the most intensive mass and energy center of a planet. The coalition of mass and energy forms an activity center of building structures and emerging of a plant....

1 Introduction 2 Formation of Planet and Gravity 2.1 Nomad Planet and It’s Gravity 2.2 Rotation 2.3 Compressed Core 2.4 Electromagnetism 2.5 Bubble in Space 2.6 Growth and Development 3 Summary 4 Appendixes 4.1 Free Fall Test 4.2 Attraction and Tear 4.3 Magnetic Attraction 4.4 Inescapable Collision of Attraction 4.5 Paradoxes of Gravitational Attraction References...

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Driving Force of Tectonic Plate (Brief) : Comprehensive Study of Mysteries in Science

By: Cres Huang

Despite our progress, predicting the hazardous activities of lithosphere has been a long endeavor. The issue is, Earth's gravity is the inward force of keeping all thing tight to maintain it's spherical shape. Force of tectonic motion has to fight against the persisting gravity to push the crust from ocean floor to the top of mountain ranges. However, gravity can not be a pulling force, or tidal drag, of seismic activities. It is no attraction force has been shown by falling body experiments. On the other hand, mantle convection is driven by gravity and centrifugal forces. Hot mantle can not raise without the gravity or centrifugal force to provide ascending buoyancy. And, cool mantle will not sink without the gravity. It is the same principle of hot air does not raise and cold air does not sink in zero gravity. ...

I don't believe the mantle convection can be the driving force. Instead, it is driven by gravity and centrifugal forces. Hot mantle can not raise without the gravity or centrifugal force to provide ascending buoyancy. And, cool mantle will not sink without the gravity. It is the same principle of hot air does not raise and cold air does not sink in zero gravity. Gravity force makes denser elements sink and lighter ones raise. On the other hand, centrifugal force works in opposite manner. It creates perpendicular antigravity force away from the axle....

1 Introduction 2 Centrifugal Force 3 Jelly Ball Earth 4 Hula Hawaii 5 Summary

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Time Travel, Marilyn Monroe, Dinosaurs, and Aliens

By: Alexander Dimitroff Popoff

4 great essays.

“If I had a time machine I'd visit Marilyn Monroe in her prime,” wrote Professor Hawking in his article “STEPHEN HAWKING: How to build a time machine,” in Daily Mail. I liked very much his idea and prepared to go back in time. I started with time travel research, reading reference books and articles, and exchanging emails with leading experts on time travel. Scholars most often suggest using the following time travel methods: to travel faster than the speed of light, to use black holes, cosmic strings, negative ener-gy, negative mass, exotic matter, or wormholes. After making some brisk calculations with my favorite pocket calculator, I came to the conclusion that the easiest, and financially accessible, way to travel back and forth in time is to build a wormhole. Constructing a wormhole is more or less clear, and I could make a time machine based on this technology in about a few months. ...

Table of Contents Humanity is perfectly visible to extraterrestrials E=mc2 or how to visit Marilyn Monroe Dinosaur Extinction Mechanism Finally Revealed Alien Bugs ...

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'Al'lah Is Greater' Be Kind to Animal

By: Mohammad Amin Sheikho; A. K. John Alias Al-Dayrani, Performer

New scientific medical discovery in Islamic method of (Animal slaughter) and without the use of any stunning method: Today we stand before the medical fact of pronouncing "in the Name of God, Allah is Greater" over slaughtered animal when slaughtering. It is mentioned in a unique scientific research project unveiled by a group of Professors, physicians and scientists. They have fought deadly germs through science, driving away the darkness of ignorance and superstition. They have also removed the ignorance that covered the legacy of the Heavenly religions. They have fought deadly germs through science, driving away the darkness of ignorance and superstition. They have also removed the ignorance that covered the legacy of the Heavenly religions....

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Age of The Universe Paradox: Comprehensive Study Of Mysteries In Science

By: Cres Huang

The question is, will we ever know if there are objects outside of the detectable universe radiating in wave length longer than CBR? We only measure the universe with visual radiations. Doesn't it seem that the age of the universe is determined by the size of our telescope? Nevertheless, there are activities of elementary particles which can not be detected by us? Isn't' it impossible to picture how far some active objects, say neutrinos, can be other than infinite. ...

Suppose we have perfect telescope that is limitless in range; And, we don't see anything when we look pass all objects; Can we say we have reached the edge of the Space or Universe? Or, there is infinity beyond Space? ...

1 Introduction 1 2 Probability Function of Doppler Effect 3 NED’s Redshift Survey Database 4 Estimate Age of The Universe Based On NED Database 5 Cosmic Background Radiation 6 Can We Really Tell The Size & Age of The Universe? 7 Appendix II: Accumulated Probability Distribution References...

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The Wisdom behind Circumcision

By: Mohammad Amin Sheikho; A. K. John Alias Al-Dayrani, Performer

“Five are of natural disposition, cutting (shaving) the pubic hair, circumcision, cutting the moustache, depilating the hair of the armpit and cutting the nails” (Of the sayings of the Prophet Mohammad 'cpth')...

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New Relativistic Paradoxes and Open Questions

By: Florentin Smarandache

In chapter 1, following the Special Theory of Relativity, we generalize the Lorentz Contraction Factor C(v) to an Oblique-Contraction Factor OC(v, θ), which gives the contraction factor of the lengths moving at an oblique angle with respect to the motion direction. In the chapters 2-5 we show several inconsistencies, contradictions, and anomalies in the Special and General Theories of Relativity...

1.3. Oblique-Length Contraction Factor The Special Theory of Relativity asserts that all lengths in the direction of motion are contracted, while the lengths at right angles to the motion are unaffected. But it didn’t say anything about lengths at oblique angle to the motion (i.e. neither perpendicular to, nor along the motion direction), how would they behave? This is a generalization of Galilean Relativity, i.e. we consider the oblique lengths. The length contraction factor in the motion direction is: C(v) = The square root of (1 – (v squared divided by c squared )(5) Suppose we have a rectangular object with width W and length L that travels at a constant speed v with respect to an observer on Earth. ...

Chapter 1. Contraction and Dilation Factors in The Special Theory of Relativity: 15 Chapter 2. New Paradoxes for The Special Theory of Relativity: 38 Chapter 3. Other Paradoxes for The Special Theory of Relativity: 53 Chapter 4. Dilemmas for The General Theory of Relativity: 77 Chapter 5. Open Questions and Remarks: 101 ...

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Neutrosophic Interpretation of The Analects of Confucius

By: Florentin Smarandache; Fu Yuhua

“The Analects of Confucius” are considered a record of the words and acts of Confucius and his disciples, as well as the discussions they held. Written during the Spring and Autumn Period through the Warring States Period(475 BC - 221 BC) the Analects is the representative work of Confucianism and continues to have a tremendous influence on Chinese and East Asian thoughts and values today. In neutrosophy, between two ends there are many, sometimes a continuous range of neutralities (degrees of middle, or degrees of synthesis). Each middle (called “neutrality” or “indeterminacy” in neutrosophy) is a k% degree of truth and a (100-k)% degree of falsehood. We have a paradox if the sentence is 100% true, 100% false, and 100% indeterminate....

Negative Part 3 You want to know a person truly, not only to understand this person’s words, but also understand this person’s actions and ideas. Commentary on Negative Part 3 Confucius did not mention to understand people’s ideas. While the words and actions are controlled by the ideas. Neutrosophic Part 3 The person’s time and energy were limited. For knowing a man truly, besides one person’s ability, other person’s help is needed in many cases, sometimes even the machine and the measuring appliance and so on are needed....

Brief Introduction ……………………………………..3 Foreword………………………………………………..5 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 1…...……..13 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 2………….30 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 3………….48 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 4……….....54 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 5……….....58 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 6……….....63 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 7……….....69 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 8……….....74 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 9……….....79 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 10….……..84 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 11………...89 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 12….……..95 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 13……….101 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 14.………108 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 15……….115 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 16……….120 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 17……….126 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 18.………132 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 19……….136 Positive, Negative and Neutrosophic Book 20…….…141 Postscript ………………………………………...

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Kinetics for Bioscientist

By: Peter Klappa

This books hopes to provide a well organized concept of kinetics in a way that will make it easier to understand.

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Special Presidential Briefing For President Barack Obama

By: Steven M. Greer

A letter to President Barack Obama about UFO information release.

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(COMETA Report Part 1) UFOs and Defense : What Should We Prepare For?

By: Bernard Norlain, Gen.

An independent report on UFOs written by the French association COMETA. This report details the results of a study by the institute of Higher Studies for National Defense. In this report, COMETA studies several unexplained French and foreign UFO cases. Part 1 of the complete French report on UFOs published in 1999, entitled "UFOs and Defense: What must we be prepared for?". This ninety-page report is the result of an in-depth study of UFOs, covering many aspects of the subject, especially questions of national defense....

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The Science Today

By: Boris Balkh
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Codes of Reality! What is language?

By: Ved from Victoria Institutions

Higher Science!

...................... Now, compare this same scenario to that of a man. Whatever he is doing is actually something wherein a particular set of codes or lines of program are being utilised or created. When he bends, turns to the right, picks up something, and all else, actually some program line or code is being written; I do not know where. It, most probably is not in the same world that we exist in; but in some other ‘cyber’ world, where everything gets encoded and stored. It may be noted that the codes that I am speaking of here is not the software on which the brain is working; but of something which is beyond the software used in the brain; so that even this software used in the brain is actually a creation of the other one, that I speak of. Now we have reached a premise, wherein the proposition gets connected to what one may call ‘lines of destiny’ or what in Indian languages is called ‘writings on the head’. Yet, what I proposed may not be entirely lines that foretell destiny; it may be simply that whatever we are doing can be seen in another arena in terms of lines of codes; I do not know what language, or what type of s...

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Sub Molecular Interface Bonding : Looking at The Light, Supplementary C

By: Anthony James Kemp

The original Books are a series of filly illustrated papers are about the subatomic world. Essentially about the energy found there and how this energy acts and reacts to form the very glue that holds the physical universe together. This is essentially an explanation of the mechanics of atomic formation, structure and linking. The papers have been split into Books primarily to keep the file sizes down to an acceptable level. This also apples to these supplementary papers. This is done to allow people with slow Internet access to easily download the files. It also means you can download just the parts you want to reference. There are seven Books in this primary series....

MOVEMENT OF ENERGY In this section we are going to look in more detail on how this energy is passes between the subatomic world and the three dimension world. We look at the affects this has on the atomic structures of large atoms and the way this changes atomic interactions. Heat is a tipping effect of an atomic structure when it reaches an upper absorption limit of energy storage, where it has to expel this energy or break down and be destroyed. Heat is effect of this energy being pushed out of the atomic body into nearby atomic structures with a lower energy quotient. So how does energy move around, in Book 2 we saw how the primary energy nodes took and gave energy to each other by dynamic contact. When we got to strings, rings and atoms we saw how these semi-stable elements bonded to form a closed stable units. These units however are still reliant on the exchange on external energy to maintain an internal balance and interaction with each other....

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Sub Molecular Interface Bonding : Energy and Heat, Supplementary B

By: Anthony James Kemp

The original Books are a series of filly illustrated papers are about the subatomic world. Essentially about the energy found there and how this energy acts and reacts to form the very glue that holds the physical universe together. This is essentially an explanation of the mechanics of atomic formation, structure and linking. The papers have been split into Books primarily to keep the file sizes down to an acceptable level. This also apples to these supplementary papers. This is done to allow people with slow Internet access to easily download the files. It also means you can download just the parts you want to reference. There are seven Books in this primary series....

In this section we are going to look in more detail on how this energy is passes between the subatomic world and the three dimension world. We look at the affects this has on the atomic structures of large atoms and the way this changes atomic interactions. Heat is a tipping effect of an atomic structure when it reaches an upper absorption limit of energy storage, where it has to expel this energy or break down and be destroyed. Heat is effect of this energy being pushed out of the atomic body into nearby atomic structures with a lower energy quotient. So how does energy move around, in Book 2 we saw how the primary energy nodes took and gave energy to each other by dynamic contact. When we got to strings, rings and atoms we saw how these semi-stable elements bonded to form a closed stable units. These units however are still reliant on the exchange on external energy to maintain an internal balance and interaction with each other....

Supplementary B - Energy And Heat In Section - Introduction - 1 Movement of Energy - 2 Energy Ring Vortex - 3 Transference of Energy to Atoms - 4 Energy Storage in Atoms - 5 Energy Altering Atoms Properties...

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Sub Molecular Interface Bonding : Why North is North and How Magnets Work, Supplementary A

By: Anthony James Kemp

The original Books are a series of filly illustrated papers are about the subatomic world. Essentially about the energy found there and how this energy acts and reacts to form the very glue that holds the physical universe together. This is essentially an explanation of the mechanics of atomic formation, structure and linking. The papers have been split into Books primarily to keep the file sizes down to an acceptable level. This also apples to these supplementary papers. This is done to allow people with slow Internet access to easily download the files. It also means you can download just the parts you want to reference. There are seven Books in this primary series....

Here we have to focus down onto the planetary model and see how the vectors that produce gravity also produce the sub forces that we describe as Magnetism. Now any large body of atomic matter compresses itself by mutual attraction of the atomic structure of a collective of the atoms with in it. This bundle of energy attracts energy nodes from the surrounding Dark Energy cloud, it needs this energy to maintain its coherence or it will fall apart and be absorbed back into the cloud. As seen in Book 7 this attraction has a halo bubble where this force is active, however the attraction is offset by the emission of excess high energy particles being thrown out of the mass is it tries to loose energy....

SUPPLEMENTARY A - WHY NORTH IS NORTH AND HOW MAGNETS WORK Introduction - 1 Gyroscopic Effect - 2 Particle Flow - 3 Magnetosphere Reversal - 4 Sub Atomic Particle Flow - 5 How Magnets Work - 6 Properties of Elements - 7 Atomic Core Stacking - 8 Iron Magnets - 9 Magnetic Lines of Force - 10 The elephant in the room - 11 Why Similar Magnetic Poles Repel - 12 Ferrous Or Non Ferrous - 13 Magnetic attraction...

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Sub Molecular Interface Bonding : The Three Forces Of Gravity, Book 7 of 7

By: Anthony James Kemp

A series of filly illustrated papers are about the subatomic world. Essentially about the energy found there and how this energy acts and reacts to form the very glue that holds the physical universe together. This is essentially an explanation of the mechanics of atomic formation, structure and linking. It looks at how sub atomic particles form strings rings and then atoms. How simple atoms use two dimensional carriers to form large atoms and the ways atoms bond together into molecules, the foundations of all matter. The papers have been split into Books primarily to keep the file sizes down to an acceptable level, this allows people with slow Internet access to easily download the files. It also means you can download just the parts you want to reference. There are seven Books in this primary series....

Gravity a short word for a big subject. Lets start by saying before reading this section you should have at least read book two of these papers about dark matter, energy and the creation of matter. To start with we must let go of the thought that gravity is a single thing like a big magnet. Gravity is in fact a combination of three forces that produce the effect that we call gravity. By gravity we generally mean the attraction of objects one to another. Although we have dealt with the elemental forces that created atoms in the previous Books, here we have to go back to the primary forces again. This time we see how they play out to create the massive amounts of energy to create matter and the forces that surround it....

THE THREE FORCES OF GRAVITY In this book - 1. Energy Nodes - 2 Binary Strings - 3 Energy Balls - 4 The Energy Tree - 5 Binary Explosion - 6 Binary Breach - 7 Binary Ring - 8 Gravity - The First Component - The Second Component - The Third Component...

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Sub Molecular Interface Bonding : Complex Atomic Bond Formations, Book 6 of 7

By: Anthony James Kemp

A series of filly illustrated papers are about the subatomic world. Essentially about the energy found there and how this energy acts and reacts to form the very glue that holds the physical universe together. This is essentially an explanation of the mechanics of atomic formation, structure and linking. It looks at how sub atomic particles form strings rings and then atoms. How simple atoms use two dimensional carriers to form large atoms and the ways atoms bond together into molecules, the foundations of all matter. The papers have been split into Books primarily to keep the file sizes down to an acceptable level, this allows people with slow Internet access to easily download the files. It also means you can download just the parts you want to reference. There are seven Books in this primary series....

Bonds formed by similar atoms tend to follow structural patterns where the atomic interface windows align with the atomic exit windows of each atom. This bonding will form a regular continuous pattern as the structure of the crystal is built up. By studying these crystalline patterns we can determine some of the positions of the atoms atomic windows. We will not be able to tell the size of these windows but give us a chance to work out the atomic interface angle....

COMPLEX ATOMIC BOND FORMATIONS In this book - 1 Crystalline Formations - 2 Dissimilar Atomic Bonding - 3 Harmonics Bonding Range - 4 Split Harmonics - Split Ranges - 5 Special Bonding - Capture Bonding - Catalytic Bonding - 6 Bonding Decay - 7 Proximity...

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Sub Molecular Interface Bonding : Sub Molecular Interface Bonding, Book 5 of 7

By: Anthony James Kemp

A series of filly illustrated papers are about the subatomic world. Essentially about the energy found there and how this energy acts and reacts to form the very glue that holds the physical universe together. This is essentially an explanation of the mechanics of atomic formation, structure and linking. It looks at how sub atomic particles form strings rings and then atoms. How simple atoms use two dimensional carriers to form large atoms and the ways atoms bond together into molecules, the foundations of all matter. The papers have been split into Books primarily to keep the file sizes down to an acceptable level, this allows people with slow Internet access to easily download the files. It also means you can download just the parts you want to reference. There are seven Books in this primary series....

We have looked at the basic Sub Atomic Energy Rings and at how this particle combines to from the simple then complex Atoms but to be of any use these Atoms have to build, combine and react with each other to form molecules. For atoms to do this we must have a mechanism that will allow them to react with each other without destroying their internal structure. This process is at the heart of Sub Atomic Interface Bonding and to understand it we must begin by looking at the first part of the process, the initial Sub Atomic Interfacing....

SUB MOLECULAR INTERFACE BONDING In this book - 1 Sub Atomic Interface Bonding - 2 Sub Atomic Interface - 3 Atom to Atom Bonding - 4 Forces Between Core Bonding ...

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