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Cobb County, Georgia

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Cobb County, Georgia

Cobb County, Georgia
County
Cobb County
The Cobb County Courthouse in September 2006.

Seal

Location in the state of Georgia

Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 2, 1832
Named for Thomas W. Cobb
Seat Marietta
Largest city Marietta
Area
 • Total 345 sq mi (894 km2)
 • Land 340 sq mi (881 km2)
 • Water 5.0 sq mi (13 km2), 1.4%
Population
 • (2010) 730,981
 • Density 2,026/sq mi (782/km²)
Congressional districts 13th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .org.cobbcountywww

Cobb County is a suburban Marietta.[2]

Cobb, along with several adjoining counties, was created on December 3, 1832, by the wife, Mary.[4]

Cobb County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is situated immediately to the northwest of the city limits of Atlanta.

Its Cumberland District, an edge city, encompasses over 24,000,000 square feet (2,200,000 m2) of office space.

The U.S. Census Bureau ranks Cobb County as the most-educated in the state of Georgia and 12th among all counties in the United States.[5] It has ranked among the top 100 wealthiest counties in the United States.[6]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Addressing 2.2
    • Geocodes & World's largest toll-free calling area 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
    • Public schools 4.1
    • Private schools 4.2
    • Colleges and universities 4.3
    • Libraries 4.4
  • Government and elections 5
    • Taxes 5.1
  • Economy 6
  • Diplomatic missions 7
  • Transportation 8
    • Major highways 8.1
    • Airports 8.2
    • Rail 8.3
    • Mass Transit 8.4
  • Recreation 9
    • Venues 9.1
  • Communities 10
    • Cities 10.1
    • Census-designated places 10.2
    • Unincorporated communities 10.3
  • Notable people 11
  • Sister county 12
  • See also 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15

History

F-47 Thunderbolt - 128th Fighter Squadron - Marietta Army Airfield 1946

Cobb County was one of nine Georgia counties carved out of the disputed territory of the Cherokee Nation in 1832.[7] It was the 81st county in Georgia and named for Judge Thomas Willis Cobb, who served as a U.S. Senator, state congressman and Superior Court Judge. It is believed that the county seat of Marietta was named for Judge Cobb's wife, Mary.[8]

Painting of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

The state started acquiring Marthasville (now Atlanta) in 1845.[9]

In the antebellum era, Marietta was a summer resort for residents of Savannah and Charleston fleeing Yellow Fever.

During the American Civil War, some confederate troops were trained at a camp in Kennesaw.[9]

There were battles of

  • Cobb County government
  • [5] see C-Span talk at 54min 57sec in

External links

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^ Cobb County, Georgia
  4. ^
  5. ^ ACS: Ranking Table – Percent of People 25 Years and Over Who Have Completed a Bachelor's Degree Archived March 7, 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ bizjournals: How 100 counties ranked in wealth
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b c d [1]
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ Matthew Lassiter, "Big Government and Family Values: Political Culture in the Metropolitan Sunbelt" Pg. 90 in Sunbelt Rising: The Politics of Place, Space and Region ed. Michelle Nickerson, Darren Dochuck
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^ [3]
  25. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk
  26. ^ Creative Montessori School
  27. ^ Mt. Bethel Christian Academy
  28. ^ Cobb County Public Library System
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^ "[4]." Cobb County School District. Retrieved on July 28, 2009.
  32. ^ "Corporate and Financial Overview." The Home Depot. Retrieved on April 24, 2009.
  33. ^ "Video Submission Agreement." The Weather Channel. Retrieved on November 18, 2009.
  34. ^ "Low Weekly Rates!." InTown Suites. Retrieved on November 18, 2009.
  35. ^
  36. ^ "Kool Smiles Main Contacts." Kool Smiles. Retrieved on January 1, 2011. "Kool Smiles Patient Support Center 1090 Northchase Pkwy SE, Ste 290 Marietta, GA 30067-6407"
  37. ^ "Consulates in the United States." Embassy of Costa Rica. Retrieved October 26, 2008.
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^ a b
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^ Cook, James F. (2005). The Governors of Georgia, 1754-2004, 3rd Edition, Revised and Expanded. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.
  53. ^
  54. ^ http://realestate.aol.com/blog/2010/08/23/tyler-perry-buys-40m-atlanta-mansion-as-7-6m-teardown/
  55. ^ http://www.metrolyrics.com/big-boss-mans-theme-lyrics-wrestling.html
  56. ^

References

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Cobb County, GA

See also

Sister county

Notable people

Unincorporated communities

  • Fair Oaks
  • Mableton
  • Vinings

Census-designated places

  • Acworth
  • Austell
  • Kennesaw
  • Marietta
  • Powder Springs
  • Smyrna

Cities

Historic Downtown Marietta
Cobb County landmark and reference point "The Big Chicken"

Communities

Venues

Silver Comet Trail and bike path


The Atlanta Braves have announced that they are building a new stadium in Cobb County to replace Turner Field. It will be built off of the exchange between Interstate 75 and Interstate 285.[38]

Recreation

  • Cumberland, Georgia business district in the southeastern part of the county.

Mass Transit

Rail

Airports

  • Interstate 20
  • Interstate 75
  • Interstate 85
  • Interstate 285
  • Interstate 575
  • U.S. Route 41
  • U.S. Route 78
  • U.S. Route 278
  • State Route 3
  • State Route 5
  • State Route 5 Connector
  • State Route 6
  • State Route 6 Business
  • State Route 8
  • State Route 92
  • State Route 120
  • State Route 120 Alternate
  • State Route 139
  • State Route 280
  • State Route 360
  • State Route 401 (unsigned designation for I-75)
  • State Route 402 (unsigned designation for I-20)
  • State Route 407 (unsigned designation for I-285)
  • State Route 417 (unsigned designation for I-575)

Major highways

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

Transportation

The Consulate-General of Costa Rica in Atlanta is located in Suite 100 at 1870 The Exchange in an unincorporated section of Cobb County.[37]

Diplomatic missions

The Cobb County School District is Cobb County's largest employer, employing over 15,000 people.[31] Private corporations include:

Economy

At the beginning of 2006, Cobb County became the last county in the state to raise the tax to 6%, which also doubled the tax on food to 2%. The SPLOST barely passed by a 114 vote margin, or less than one-quarter of a percent, in a September 2005 referendum. The revenue will go to a new county courthouse, expanded jail, various transportation projects, and the purchasing of property for parks and green space.[30] In 2008, the school tax was renewed for a third term, funding the Marietta and Cobb school systems.

In addition to the 4% statewide sales tax, Cobb County levies an additional 2% for special projects, each 1% subject to separate renewal every few years by countywide referendum (including within its cities). This funds mainly transportation and parks. Cobb levies a 1% tax to lower property taxes, but only for the public school budget, and not the additional 1% HOST homestead exemption for general funds. It has also voted not to pay the extra 1% to join MARTA.

Taxes

The county retails potable water to much of the county, and wholesales it to various cities.[29]

Each city has a separate police department, answerable to its governing council. Marietta, Smyrna, and Austell have separate fire departments, with the Cobb County Fire Department being the authority having jurisdiction over Kennesaw, Acworth, Powder Springs, and unincorporated areas. Cobb 911 covers unincorporated areas and the cities of Marietta and Powder Springs. Kennesaw and Acworth jointly operate a small 911 call center (PSAP) upstairs in Kennesaw city hall, dispatching the police departments in both cities, and forwarding fire calls to Cobb. Austell and Smyrna operate their own separate 911 systems.

County residents also elect a sheriff, district attorney, probate court judge, clerk of superior court, clerk of the state court, state court solicitor, chief magistrate judge (who then appoints other magistrate court judges), superior court judges, state court judges, tax commissioner, surveyor, and a seven-member board of education. In addition to the county sheriff, the constitutional chief law enforcement officer of the county, Cobb County has a separate police department under the authority of the Board of Commissioners. The sheriff oversees the jail, to which everyone arrested under state law is taken, regardless of the city or other area of the county where it happens, or what police department makes the arrest.

Cobb County is governed by a five-member board of commissioners, which has both legislative and executive authority within the county. The chairman of the board is elected county-wide. The other four commissioners are elected from single-member districts. The board hires a county manager who oversees day-to-day operations of the county's executive departments.

Under Georgia's home rule provision, county governments have free rein to legislate on all matters within the county, provided that such legislation does not conflict with state or federal laws or constitutions.

Cobb Energy Performing Arts Center

Government and elections

The Smyrna Public Library is a city-owned library in Smyrna.

  • Acworth Library
  • Central Library
  • East Cobb Library
  • East Marietta Library
  • Gritters Library
  • Hattie G. Wilson Library
  • Kemp Memorial Library
  • Kennesaw Library
  • Lewis A. Ray Library
  • Mountain View Regional Library
  • Powder Springs Library
  • Sibley Library
  • South Cobb Regional Library
  • Stratton Library
  • Sweetwater Valley Library
  • Vinings Library
  • West Cobb Regional Library

Cobb County maintains the Cobb County Public Library System.[28] The libraries provide resources such as books, videos, internet access, printing, and computer classes. The libraries in the CCPLS are:

Libraries

Colleges and universities

Private schools

  • Cobb County School District (serves all county locations except the city of Marietta)
  • Marietta City Schools (serves city of Marietta locations)

Public schools

Education

As of 2007, the median income was $70,472. The per capita income for the county was $32,740. About 6.0% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 36.50% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 6.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.90 males.

There were 248,303 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25.

As of 2011, there were 697,553 people, 248,303 households, and 169,178 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,998 people per square mile (763/km²). There were 261,659 housing units at an average density of 770 per square mile (301/km²). The racial makeup of the county in 2010 62.2% White, 25.0% Black,[24] 0.3% Native American, 4.5% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 5.3% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. 14.3% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[25]

Demographics

Cobb's Buchanan, which also transmits warnings for Cobb but has reception mainly in the western part of the county.[18]

Originally in Canton exchange (479, later 445, then 704) as a local call. This became moot, along with other dual-zone exchanges in metro Atlanta, when the exurban exchanges (including Canton) were fully made a part of what was already the world's largest toll-free calling zone. It is a zone spanning 7,162 square miles (18,549 km2),[16] with four active telephone area codes, and local calling extending into portions of two others.

Geocodes & World's largest toll-free calling area

Despite the lack of a grid system of city blocks though the county, all street addresses have their numeric origin at the southwest corner of the town square in Marietta.

Addressing

  • Cherokee County – north
  • Fulton County – southeast
  • Douglas County – southwest
  • Paulding County – west
  • Bartow County – northwest
Metro Atlanta

Adjacent counties

There are several high points in Cobb County.

The county is divided between two major Coosa River basin.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 345 square miles (890 km2), of which 340 square miles (880 km2) is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2) (1.4%) is water.[15]

Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area
Union Trenches at Kennesaw Mountain 1864

Geography

In the 1990s and 2000s, Cobb's demographics changed. As Atlanta's gentrification reversed decades of white flight, middle-class African-Americans and Russian, Bosnian, Chinese, Indian, Brazilian, Mexican and Central American immigrants moved to older suburbs in South and West Cobb. In 2010, African-American Democrat Immigration and Nationality Act Section 287(g) enabling local law officers to enforce immigration law.

In 1990, Republican Congressmen 1996 Summer Olympics pulled events out of Cobb County. The county's inns are nevertheless filled at 100% of capacity for two months during the event.[9]

Glover Park Bell - On the square in Marietta

In the 1960s and 1970s, Cobb transformed from rural to suburban, as integration spurred white flight from the city of Atlanta, which by 1970 was majority-African-American. Real estate booms drew rural white southerners and Rustbelt transplants, both groups mostly first-generation white-collar. Cobb County was the home of former segregationist and Georgia governor Lester Maddox (1966–71). In 1975, Cobb voters elected John Birch Society leader Larry McDonald to Congress, running in opposition to desegregation busing. A conservative Democrat, McDonald called for investigations into alleged plots by the Rockefellers and the Soviet Union to impose 'socialist-one-world-government' and co-founded the Western Goals Foundation. In 1983, McDonald died aboard Korean airlines flight 007, shot down by a Soviet fighter over restricted airspace.

When home rule was enacted statewide by Ernest W. Barrett became the first chairman of the new county commission. The county courthouse, built in 1888, was demolished.

Kennesaw State University

In 1942, Bell Aircraft opened a Marietta plant to manufacture B-29 bombers and Marietta Army Airfield was founded. Both were closed after World War II, but reopened during the Korean War, when the air field was acquired by the Air Force, renamed Dobbins AFB, and the plant by Lockheed. During the Korean and Vietnam Wars, Lockheed Marietta was the leading manufacturer of military transport planes, including the C-130 Hercules and the C-5 Galaxy. "In Cobb County and other sprawling Cold War suburbs from Orange County to Norfolk/Hampton Roads, the direct link between federal defense spending and local economic prosperity structured a bipartisan political culture of hawkish conservatism and material self-interest on issues of national security."[13]

Cotton farming in the area peaked from the 1890s through the 1920s. Low prices during the US 41.

F-22 Raptor assembled at Lockheed Martin in Marietta

In 1915, Leo Frank, the Jewish supervisor of an Atlanta pencil factory who was convicted of murdering one of his workers, thirteen-year-old Mary Phagan, was kidnapped from his jail cell and brought to Frey's Gin, two miles (3 km) east of Marietta. There he was lynched. The case was widely perceived as a miscarriage of justice.

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain June 27, 1864, was the site of the only major Confederate victory in General William T. Sherman's invasion of Georgia. Despite the victory, Union forces outflanked the Confederates.

[10]

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