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Chigasaki, Kanagawa

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Title: Chigasaki, Kanagawa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kōza District, Kanagawa, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, United States Forces Japan, Yokohama
Collection: Chigasaki, Kanagawa, Cities in Kanagawa Prefecture, Populated Coastal Places in Japan
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Chigasaki, Kanagawa

Chigasaki
茅ヶ崎市
Special city
Chigasaki City
Chigasaki City Hall
Chigasaki City Hall
Flag of Chigasaki
Flag

Seal

Location of Chigasaki in Kanagawa Prefecture
 
Coordinates:
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Kanagawa Prefecture
Area
 • Total 35.71 km2 (13.79 sq mi)
Population (June 1, 2012)
 • Total 236,177
 • Density 6,610/km2 (17,100/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Acacia
- Flower Rhododendron
- Bird Great Tit
Phone number 0467-82-1111
Address 1-1 Chigasaki 1-chome, Chigasaki-shi, Kanagawa-ken
253-8686
Website .jp.kanagawa.chigasaki.citywww

Chigasaki (茅ヶ崎市 Chigasaki-shi) is a city located in central, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2012, the city has an estimated population of 236,177 and a population density of 6,610 persons per km². The total area is 35.71 km².

Contents

  • Geography 1
    • Surrounding municipalities 1.1
  • History 2
  • Economy 3
  • Transportation 4
    • Highway 4.1
    • Railway 4.2
  • Local attractions 5
  • Education 6
  • Sister cities 7
  • Noted people from Chigasaki 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Geography

Chigasaki is located on the eastern bank of the Sagami River in south-central Kanagawa Prefecture, facing Sagami Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the south.

Surrounding municipalities

History

The area around Chigasaki has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The area was largely pasture and farmland well into the Edo period. The Tōkaidō connecting Edo with Kyoto passed through what is now Chigasaki, but without a post station. A large part of the area was the tenryō territory in Sagami Province controlled directly by the Tokugawa Shogunate through the Edo period, though other parts were administered by small clans including the Ōoka clan, which is renowned for its descendant Ōoka Tadasuke.

After the start of the Meiji period, the Tōkaidō Main Line railway connected Chigasaki Station with Tokyo and Osaka in 1898, which spurred the development of the area. Chigasaki village in Kōza District, Kanagawa Prefecture became Chigasaki town in 1908. In 1921, the Sagami Line railway connected Chigaskai with Hashimoto to the north. Chigasaki became a city on October 1, 1947.

On April 1, 2003, the population of Chigasaki exceeded 200,000 and it became a special city with increased local autonomy.

On October 24, 2014, Chigasaki agreed with Honolulu to establish the sister city relationship.[1]

Economy

Chigasaki is largely a bedroom community for Tokyo and Yokohama, and has been noted as a seaside resort community since the Meiji period. Tourism and summer leisure activities remain important to the local economy.

Companies headquartered in Chigasaki include:

Transportation

Highway

Railway

Local attractions

Southern Beach Chigasaki

The shoreline from Chigasaki to Kamakura is called the "Shōnan area". A popular swimming destination, Chigasaki is well known as the birthplace of Japanese surfing. A shop called "Goddess," located only about 20 meters from the shoreline, claims to be the first surfboard shop in Japan. Bicycles with metal fittings for holding surfboards are prominent in the area. A section of the beach in Chigasaki is called "Southern Beach," inspired by the Southern All Stars, a famous J-Pop singing group whose lead vocalist Keisuke Kuwata hails from Chigasaki. The symbol of Southern Beach is Eboshi-iwa, a large hat-shaped rock that is visible from the coast.

Southern Beach monument known as "Southern C"

Chigasaki is also famous for being the center of Japanese Hawaiian culture with many tropical and Hawaiian stores located mainly in the southern side of the town. Fridays in Chigasaki was called "Aloha Friday" in which consumers were able to have discounts in many stores and taxis. Salesclerks and city officers are encouraged to work wearing aloha shirts as a part of Cool Biz campaign to promote its Hawaiian culture every summer since 2003. [2]

In contrast to the popularity as a modernized resort in south, north part of the city still retains some historical heritages. Ōoka Echizen festival is held in the family temple of the Ōoka clan (bodaiji) "Jōkenji" on May.

Education

Sister cities

Noted people from Chigasaki

References

  1. ^ Chigasaki Breeze The 56th Edition Special Issue, January 1, 2015
  2. ^ アロハビズ×茅ヶ崎市 (Japanese): Aloha Biz by Chigasaki-city
  3. ^ Special Box, 2007/Universal Music

External links

  • Chigasaki City official website (Japanese)
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