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Middlesbrough F.C.

Middlesbrough Football Club Crest
Full name Middlesbrough Football Club
Nickname(s) The Boro, Smoggies[1][2][3][4]
Short name MFC, Boro
Founded 1876 (1876)
Ground Riverside Stadium
Ground Capacity 34,742[5]
Owner Steve Gibson
Chairman Steve Gibson
Head Coach Aitor Karanka
League The Championship
2014–15 4th
Website Club home page

Middlesbrough Football Club , also known as Boro, is an English football club based in Middlesbrough, Teesside, who play in the Football League Championship. Formed in 1876, they have played at the Riverside Stadium since August 1995,[6] their third ground since turning professional in 1889. Their longest-serving home was Ayresome Park, where they played for 92 years, from 1903 to 1995.

They were one of the founding members of the Premier League in 1992. The club's main rivals are Sunderland and Newcastle United. There is also a rivalry with fellow Yorkshire club Leeds United. [7]

The club's highest league finish to date was third in the 1913–14 season and they have only spent two seasons outside of the Football League's top two divisions.[8] The club came close to folding in 1986 after experiencing severe financial difficulties before the club was saved by a consortium led by then board member and later chairman Steve Gibson.[9] Middlesbrough were controversially deducted three points for failing to fulfil a fixture against Blackburn Rovers during the 1996–97 Premier League season and were subsequently relegated.[10] They were promoted the following season and spent eleven consecutive seasons in the top division before relegation.[9] Middlesbrough won the League Cup in 2004, the club's first and only major trophy.[11] They reached the 2006 UEFA Cup Final in May 2006 but were beaten by Spanish side Sevilla. On 24 May 2009, Middlesbrough were relegated to the Championship, failing to extend their 11-year stay in the Premier League.[12]

The club's traditional kit is red with white detailing. The various crests throughout the club's history, the most recent of which was adopted in May 2007,[13] incorporate a lion rampant.


  • History 1
    • 2013–present: Karanka era 1.1
    • Overall 1.2
  • Colours and crest 2
  • Kit Information 3
  • Stadium 4
  • Supporters 5
  • Media relations 6
  • Community 7
  • Honours 8
    • Domestic 8.1
      • League 8.1.1
      • Cup 8.1.2
    • International 8.2
  • Club staff 9
  • Players 10
    • Current squad 10.1
    • Out on loan 10.2
    • Reserves and Academy 10.3
  • Notable players 11
    • Middlesbrough Legends 11.1
    • Top appearances 11.2
    • Top goalscorers 11.3
    • Player of the Year award winners 11.4
    • Football League 100 Legends 11.5
    • English Football Hall of Fame 11.6
    • Scottish Football Hall of Fame 11.7
  • Managers 12
  • See also 13
  • References and notes 14
  • External links 15


Chart showing the progress of Middlesbrough's league finishes since the 1899–1900 season

They won the FA Amateur Cup in 1895 and again in 1898. The club turned professional in 1889, but reverted to amateur status in 1892.[8] They turned professional permanently in 1899.[14] After three seasons, they won promotion to the First Division, where they would remain for the next 22 years.[8]

In 1903, the club moved to Third Division North side Durham City the previous season, finished with a record 59 league goals, which included nine hat tricks. He would continue as top scorer for each of the next ten seasons.[18] Their tenure back in the top flight lasted only one season, and the club were relegated. They were promoted at the first attempt in 1928–29, winning another Second Division title. The club remained in the First Division until 1954.

The decade before the war saw the emergence of England internationals in the years ahead. Middlesbrough climbed to fourth in the last full season before the Second World War and were expected to challenge for the title next season, but the war intervened.[8] After the war, the club was unable to recover the form of the previous seasons and hovered around mid-table and exited in the early rounds of the FA Cup. Soon afterwards the team began to falter, eventually suffering relegation in 1953–54. This was the start of a 20-year spell outside the top division, but saw the emergence of one of the club's top goalscorers, Brian Clough, who scored 204 goals in 222 games, before he left for Sunderland.[19] Over that period, Middlesbrough maintained reasonable progress in the Second Division but were never serious contenders for promotion. After a fourth-place finish in 1962–63, the club endured a steady decline and were relegated to the Third Division for the first time in their history in 1966.

New manager Stan Anderson returned the club to the second flight at the first attempt. Middlesbrough would not finish below ninth during the next eight seasons.[17] By 1974, Jack Charlton had taken over as manager and guided the team back to the top flight. They ensured promotion as early as 23 March, and with eight games of the season left, they became runaway champions, finishing with a record 65 points.[20] Middlesbrough won their first silverware as a professional side in the 1975–76 season, lifting the Anglo-Scottish Cup in its inaugural season after a two-legged final win over Fulham.[20][21]

The club experienced severe financial difficulties during the mid-1980s. Middlesbrough were dropping down the table, and finished nineteenth in the 1984–85 season. In April 1986 the club had to borrow £30,000 from the PFA to pay wages. The final game of the season saw Middlesbrough relegated to the Third Division once more.[8] That summer, the club called in the Provisional Liquidator and shortly afterwards, the club was wound up and the gates to Ayresome Park were padlocked. Without the £350,000 capital required for Football League registration, a new rule, it seemed inevitable that the club would fold permanently.[22] However, Steve Gibson, a member of the board at the time, brought together a consortium and with ten minutes to spare before the deadline, they completed their registration with the Football League for the 1986–87 season.[23] Following the registration came both a change of club crest and a change of the official company name to Middlesbrough Football and Athletic Club (1986) Ltd.[24]

Over the next two seasons, Middlesbrough gained successive promotions into Division Two and then into Division One. The next season though, they came straight back down to Division Two, and with it came the then British transfer record move of Gary Pallister to Manchester United for £2.3 million.[25] Despite constant promotion and relegation, Middlesbrough were founding members of the FA Premier League for the 1992–93 season.[9]

Player-manager Bryan Robson, from Manchester United, took charge in 1994 and Middlesbrough were brought back into national attention.[26] Following promotion to the Premier League and high-profile purchases like diminutive Brazilian Juninho, many considered Middlesbrough were on the way up.[9] However, a difficult 1996–97 season was compounded by a deduction of three points imposed just after Christmas, as punishment for the club's failure to fulfil a fixture against Blackburn, which ultimately resulted in relegation.[10] Without the points deduction, the club would have had enough points to avoid relegation. At the same time, the club managed to reach both the League and FA Cup finals for the first time, but lost out in both. Despite being in the second tier they were again runners up in the League Cup final the next year.[24]

Despite losing high profile players Fabrizio Ravanelli and Juninho due to relegation, Middlesbrough were promoted back to the Premiership at the first attempt in 1998. The following season saw them settle well and they enjoyed a 12-game unbeaten run midway through 1998–99, including a 3–2 win at Old Trafford in January during which they took a 3–0 lead. It was United's only home defeat during their treble winning season. They continued to stay secure in mid-table the following season, thanks mainly to the goals of Hamilton Ricard and the signings of big name players such as Paul Ince and Christian Ziege. In 2000–01 they had a brief relegation scare that was solved with the arrival of Terry Venables as co-manager, and a 3–0 win away at Arsenal in April was the team's best result. The trend of buying European stars continued with the acquisitions of Christian Karembeu and Alen Bokšić.

Bryan Robson left the club before the start of 2001–02 season, having served as manager for 7 years, and was replaced by Manchester United assistant coach Steve McClaren. The following seasons saw Premiership security maintained as Middlesbrough slowly improved and were seen as a tough side to beat when playing at the Riverside Stadium. During McClaren's reign, Middlesbrough achieved their highest Premier league placing of 7th in the 2004–05 season.

The 2003–04 season was the most successful in the club's history as they finally won a major trophy after beating Bolton 2–1 in the League Cup final under manager Steve McClaren.[11] This success also ensured that Middlesbrough would qualify for Europe – the UEFA Cup – for the first time, in which they reached the last 16. UEFA cup qualification was achieved for the second consecutive year after a dramatic 1–1 away draw with Manchester City thanks to a late penalty save from Mark Schwarzer in the last game of the season.[27]

Middlesbrough reached the 2006 UEFA Cup Final in Eindhoven, following two comebacks from 3–0 down in the rounds preceding it,[28][29] but lost 4–0 to Sevilla.[30] Following the cup final, McClaren left to head up the England team, and captain Gareth Southgate took over. Despite not having the coaching qualifications, he was allowed to continue after receiving special dispensation.[31] During the 2007–08 season, Southgate broke Middlesbrough's record transfer fee, paying £13.6 million for Brazilian striker Afonso Alves.[32] Southgate's first two seasons saw the club finish in 12th and 13th places. He oversaw the club reaching the quarter finals of the FA Cup for three seasons, but the club was relegated to the Football League Championship on the last day of the 2008–09 season. Southgate was sacked in October 2009, and replaced by Gordon Strachan.[33] At the time of Southgate's dismissal, Boro were fourth in the Championship and only one point away from the automatic promotion spot,[34] but their form under Strachan was significantly worse and they finished mid-table.[35]

Despite starting the 2010–11 campaign as promotion favourites, the club endured a disappointing start to the season securing only 1-point in 5 away games. Having slipped to 20th in the Championship following a home defeat to rivals Leeds, Strachan resigned on 18 October. A week later, Tony Mowbray was confirmed as the new manager.[36] Having staved off the threat of relegation, Mowbray successfully transformed Boro's fortunes, eventually guiding them to a top-half finish. Boro ended the season top of the form table after four consecutive league wins, the first such run since 1998. However, despite a magnificent first half of the season, Boro failed to capitalise, and finished 7th in the League, missing out on the play-offs by 5 points and 1 position.

2013–present: Karanka era

Following a poor run of form of 2 wins in 12 games in the 2013–14 campaign, on 21 October 2013, nearly 3 years after his arrival, Tony Mowbray left the club with immediate effect.[37] Aitor Karanka, a former Spanish defender and assistant coach at Real Madrid to José Mourinho became the new Middlesbrough manager on 13 November 2013, signing a two-year contract.[38] He became the first non-British manager at the club.The club finished the season twelfth in the final league standings.

In his first full season in charge the club finished fourth and thus qualified for the 2015 Football League play-offs. After seeing off Brentford F.C. 5–1 on aggregate in the semi-final, the club lost 0–2 to Norwich City at the Wembley Stadium in the final. Under Karanka's tutelage Patrick Bamford, on loan from Chelsea F.C. won the Championship Player of the Year award for the 2014–15 Football League Championship.


  • Seasons spent at Level 1 of the football league system: 60
  • Seasons spent at Level 2 of the football league system: 43
  • Seasons spent at Level 3 of the football league system: 2
  • Seasons spent at Level 4 of the football league system: 0

As of season 2014/15.

Colours and crest

Early Middlesbrough F.C. kit[39]
Middlesbrough F.C. crest 1986–2007

Middlesbrough's original home kit upon election to the Football League in 1899 was a white home shirt with blue shorts and they did not adopt their colours of red and white until later that season.[40] Previous kits included a white shirt with a blue and white polka dotted collar from around 1889. The Middlesbrough kit has remained broadly the same over the years with a red shirt and socks and either red or white shorts. The distinctive broad white stripe across the chest was introduced by Jack Charlton in 1973 (following an attempt to change the home shirt to a Leeds United-style white shirt) and brought back for a one-off in 1997–98 and then again for the 2000–01 and 2004–05 seasons due to popular demand.[41] The club subsequently announced in December 2007 that the club would allow the fans to decide via an online and text vote whether the white band should return for the following season.[41] On 8 January 2008 the club announced that the white band was to return, with 77.4% of voters voting in its favour, with the fans to choose the final shirt design from a selection of three designs,[42] of which the winner was announced on 7 May 2008.[43]

The Middlesbrough crest has gone through four changes since the formation of the club. Initially, the badge was simply the town of Middlesbrough's crest with a red lion instead of a blue lion in order to fit in with the club's colours. Following the adoption of the white band on the shirts in 1973, only the red lion remained with the letters "M.F.C" underneath in red. This was further adapted following the reformation of the club in 1986 to a circular crest with the lion in the middle and the words "Middlesbrough Football Club 1986" around the circle in order to reflect this new era. In 2007, Middlesbrough changed their crest once again, this time with the lion inside a shield and the words "Middlesbrough Football Club 1876" underneath.[13] The club stated that this was to reflect the club's long history and not just their post-liquidation status.[13]

Kit Information

Middlesbrough shirts, 1994–2010
Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1976–77 Bukta None
1977–80 Adidas
1980–82 Datsun Cleveland
1982–84 McLean Homes
1984–86 Hummel Camerons
1986–87 Dickens
1987–88 Skill
1988–90 Heritage Hampers
1990–92 Evening Gazette
1992–94 Admiral ICI
1994–95 Errea[44] Dickens
1995–2002 BT Cellnet
2002–04 Dial-a-Phone
2007–09 Garmin
2009–10 Adidas
2010– Ramsdens


The Riverside Stadium in 2006, with the old gates to Ayresome Park in the foreground

After formation in 1876, and with the club still amateurs, Middlesbrough's first two years of football were played at Albert Park in Middlesbrough. After seeing the damage being caused by players and supporters, the Park Committee ordered the club to find an alternate venue. The club moved to Breckon Hill, behind the former Middlesbrough College longlands site, after agreeing to rent the land from its owner. However, two years later in 1880, the owner increased the rent and the club decided to move. They moved into the Linthorpe Road Ground in 1882, home at the time of Middlesbrough Cricket Club. The cricket club departed in 1893–94 to move to the Breckon Hill field, and Middlesbrough Football Club became sole users of the ground.[45]

With the club's growing size, and entry to the Football League, they had to move to a new ground in 1903, Ayresome Park.[9] It was designed by Archibald Leitch and would be the club's home for the next 92 years. Following the Taylor Report in 1990, the ground either needed modernising or the club needed a new stadium. The club decided on the latter, and moved out at the end of the 1994–95 season. It was used as a training ground during 1995–96, before it was demolished in 1997 and a housing estate built in its place.[45] The club now trains at a £7 million complex at Rockliffe Park, in Hurworth, on the outskirts of Darlington.[46]

The Riverside Stadium, named by the supporters of the club after a vote, became the club's home in 1995. It was the first stadium to be built in line with the Taylor Report's recommendations on all-seater stadia for clubs in the top two divisions of the English football league system.[47] It was originally a 30,000 seater stadium, constructed at a cost of £16 million,[6] before it was expanded in 1998 to a capacity of 35,100 for an extra £5 million.[6]

Average attendances at Middlesbrough matches have fluctuated over the past several years, moving from a 2004–05 high average of 32,012 to a low of 26,092 in 2006–07, then up again to 28,428 in 2008–09. Following relegation to the Championship attendances have dipped, although the crowd of 23,451 which saw Middlesbrough's first Championship game against Sheffield United represents far higher gates than is usual for the division, and indeed larger than those of some Premier League clubs, for example Queens Park Rangers or Wigan Athletic.

A reorganisation of the Riverside Stadium occurred at the start of the 2013–14 season. Away fans were moved from behind the goal in the South stand to the South East corner, whilst home fans now sit behind both goals to help create a better atmosphere inside the stadium. Also, a giant TV screen was installed at the back of the South-East corner, replacing the older style scoreboards attached to the North and South stand roofs.[48] Reorganisation of the stadium has resulted in the capacity being reduced slightly to 34,988 in June 2008 and then to 34,742 for the start of the 2013–14 season.[5]


Traditionally supporters come from Middlesbrough itself and towns in the immediate area. Middlesbrough have one of the highest proportions in Britain of locally born season ticket holders at 80%, and one of the highest proportions of female fans at 20%.[49] A survey at the start of the 2007–08 season found Middlesbrough supporters were the seventh loudest set of fans in the Premier League.[50]

Middlesbrough supporters at the 2006 UEFA Cup Final

Middlesbrough Official Supporters Club, which features their own team in the local football league,[51] has links with supporters' clubs across the globe. The largest supporters' clubs include the Official Supporters' Club, the Middlesbrough Disabled Supporters' Association, Yarm Reds, Red Faction and Middlesbrough Supporters South.[51]

Middlesbrough supporters' main rivals are Sunderland (with whom they contest the Tees–Wear derby), Newcastle United (with whom they contest the Tyne–Tees derby), and Leeds United, a fact confirmed by's 2004 survey,.[7] Carlisle United see Middlesbrough as their biggest rivals, but Middlesbrough supporters have not reciprocated, as they do not see Carlisle as a top three rival.

The nickname Smoggies was first used as a derogatory term by opposing supporters;[52] it relates to the industrial air pollution (smog) that used to hang over the town, but it was later used by Middlesbrough fans in a somewhat self-deprecating manner before finally being adopted as a badge of pride by supporters of the club. An example of this can be seen on the banners carried to away games stating "Smoggies on Tour".[53] Middlesbrough fans were notably praised by UEFA Chief Executive Lars-Christer Olsson after their behaviour during the 2005–06 UEFA Cup campaign.[54] He commended that:

You have the satisfaction of knowing that, although your team did not win the game, your supporters present in Eindhoven proved to the world that football fans can turn a match into a friendly, violence-free celebration.

Middlesbrough fans had also been praised by Cleveland Police for their behaviour in previous rounds, particularly in the light of aggravation prior to and during the match at Roma.[55]

Media relations

Middlesbrough were the first football club in the world to launch its own TV channel – "Boro TV". The first broadcasts were tied to the club's first ever major cup final appearance in 1997, a full year ahead of Manchester United's MUTV, which still claims to be the first in the world. The channel was the brainchild of then NTL Markeking Director, Peter Wilcock. Its programmes were not 'live' initially but were pre-recorded and hosted by local radio/TV broadcaster & Boro fan, Dave Roberts. Boro TV went on to claim another 'first' when in August 2001 it become the first English football club to broadcast time-delayed full-match footage of their league games on their own channel.[56] Boro TV ran through NTL cable television until July 2005.[57] The club now show match highlights through a subscription-based scheme on their official website.[58]

Middlesbrough's official matchday programme, Redsquare, was Programme Monthly's 2006–07 Programme of the Year.[59] There are numerous other fanzines available, most notably Fly Me to the Moon, formed in September 1988 following Bruce Rioch's quote to Tony Mowbray, stating "If I had to go to the moon I'd want him by my side".[60]


Middlesbrough Football Club in the Community (MFCIC) was founded in 1995 by club chairman

  • MFC Ladies MFC Ladies Official Website
  • Boro-Stat Unofficial stats & graphs website
  • Middlesbrough at SportEpoch
Fan/other websites
News sites
Official websites

External links

  1. ^ Hancox, Dan (10 September 2009). "How is Britain coping with the recession? – Middlesbrough – Smoggies steel themselves".  
  2. ^ "Teesside MP uses the word "smoggie" in Parliament speech".  
  3. ^ "Maximo Park fear for footy teams".  
  4. ^ Lawson, Helen (21 March 2013). "Janoaworramean? Frustrated Teesside mother pens 'Smoggie dictionary' with translations into Standard English to help others understand her".  
  5. ^ a b "About the Riverside Stadium". Middlesbrough F.C. 24 May 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c "Boro FC club info". Archived from the original on 4 September 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2008. 
  7. ^ a b "Club rivalries uncovered" (PDF). footballfancensus. Retrieved 13 October 2007. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Glasper, Harry. Middlesbrough A Complete Record 1876–1989. Breedon Books Sport.  
  9. ^ a b c d e "Middlesbrough, Official Site of the Premier League".  
  10. ^ a b "Season 1996/97".  
  11. ^ a b c "Boro lift Carling Cup". BBC Sport. 29 February 2004. Retrieved 21 May 2007. 
  12. ^ Parrish, Rob (24 May 2009). "Premier League round-up". Sky Sports (BSkyB). Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  13. ^ a b c Matt Westcott (12 May 2007). "Boro change badge to reflect history". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 10 October 2008. 
  14. ^ "Club History – Birth of The Boro: 1876–1902". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  15. ^ "Battling with the Boro for 125 years". Evening Gazette. 21 October 2003. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  16. ^ "Club History – Early Years: 1903-World War II". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c d "League history". Middlesbrough Mad. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  18. ^ "George Camsell". Archived from the original on 3 November 2007. Retrieved 26 May 2008. 
  19. ^ Glanville, Brian (20 September 2004). "Obituary: Brian Clough". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 26 May 2008. 
  20. ^ a b c "Club History – Mannion, Hardwick, Clough and Charlton: 1945 to 1986". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  21. ^ "Anglo-Scottish Cup 1975–1976 : Final". Statto. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  22. ^ "Just 37 days to save our club". Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "Uefa final caps Boro fairytale". BBC. 14 February 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  24. ^ a b c "Club History – Winners at Last! 1986 to present". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  25. ^ "Manchester United: The Sir Alex Era – Part 1". BBC. Retrieved 28 May 2007. 
  26. ^ "Anthony Vickers' countdown of Boro's top 40 signings". Gazette Live. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  27. ^ Rich, Tim (16 May 2005). "City pay the penalty for Fowler miss". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  28. ^ "Middlesbrough 4–1 Basle". BBC Sport. 6 April 2004. Retrieved 28 May 2007. 
  29. ^ "M'brough 4–2 S B'chrst". BBC Sport. 27 April 2004. Retrieved 28 May 2007. 
  30. ^ a b "Sevilla run away with trophy". UEFA. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  31. ^ Stewart, Rob (23 November 2006). "Southgate wins coaching badges appeal". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  32. ^ Bright, Richard (6 February 2008). "Afonso Alves eyes Middlesbrough debut". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  33. ^ "Gordon Strachan confirmed as Middlesbrough's new manager". the guardian (UK). 26 October 2009. Retrieved 26 October 2009. 
  34. ^ "Middlesbrough 2009–2010 : English League Championship Table on 21 October 2009". Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  35. ^ "Middlesbrough 2009–2010 : English League Championship Table at end of season". Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  36. ^ "Middlesbrough name Tony Mowbray as new manager". BBC Sport. 26 October 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  37. ^ "Middlesbrough | Tony Mowbray Leaves Boro". Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  38. ^ "Aitor Karanka: Middlesbrough name ex-Real Madrid man as boss". BBC Sport (BBC). 13 November 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  39. ^ "Middlesbrough F.C. kits". Archived from the original on 17 April 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2007. 
  40. ^ "Middlesbrough". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 21 May 2008. 
  41. ^ a b "Take Part in Boro's Battle of the Band". Middlesbrough F.C. 30 December 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  42. ^ "We're Backing The Band". Middlesbrough F.C. 8 January 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  43. ^ "The Band Is Back!". Middlesbrough F.C. 7 May 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  44. ^ "Errea dropped in favour of global brand adidas". Evening Gazette. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  45. ^ a b "Road to the Riverside". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  46. ^ "Rockliffe Park". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  47. ^ "The Riverside Stadium". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  48. ^ Tallentire, Philip (13 March 2013). "Reorganisation of Riverside Stadium given go-ahead". Gazette Live. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  49. ^ "Football's Rich Pickings". BBC. 25 May 2001. Retrieved 23 May 2007. 
  50. ^ "Premier League – Noise League Table". Yahoo! Sport. 26 October 2007. Archived from the original on 28 October 2007. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  51. ^ a b "Supporters' Clubs". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  52. ^ "Football club bans gas masks". BBC News. 5 March 2003. Retrieved 26 May 2008. 
  53. ^ "Banners". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  54. ^ Impeccable' Boro fans win praise"'". Northern Echo. 20 May 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  55. ^ "Boro fans praised for behaviour". BBC News. 16 March 2006. Retrieved 31 August 2007. 
  56. ^ "Boro first to take advantage of new TV rights regulations". 31 August 2001. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2007. 
  57. ^ "Boro television channel to close". BBC Sport. 1 July 2005. Retrieved 31 August 2007. 
  58. ^ "Official website". Middlesbrough FC. Retrieved 31 August 2007. 
  59. ^ "Success is taken as read (section title)". Evening Gazette. 14 March 2007. Archived from the original on 7 November 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2008. 
  60. ^ Fraser, Alan (13 April 2008). "Mowbray, the 'miserable sod' whose life was truly kissed by an angel". Daily Mail (UK). Retrieved 3 April 2008. 
  61. ^ "MFC Foundation Launched". Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  62. ^ "Blair Praises Community Role". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  63. ^ "Funders and Sponsors". Archived from the original on 19 May 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2007. 
  64. ^ "Boro Inspire Enterprise Push". Middlesbrough F.C. 14 March 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  65. ^ "Boro are charity champs". Evening Gazette. 10 December 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  66. ^ "Boro Heroes Star in the Community". Middlesbrough F.C. 24 December 2008. Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 24 December 2008. 
  67. ^ "Boro's Annual Charter Report". Middlesbrough F.C. Archived from the original on 3 March 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2008. 
  68. ^ a b "Boro's Steel Fight Goes On". Middlesbrough F.C. 16 September 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  69. ^ Second tier / Football League Championship of English football.
  70. ^ Third tier of English football.
  71. ^ "Boro's nearly men". BBC Sport. 12 April 2002. Retrieved 26 May 2008. 
  72. ^ "Other Records". Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  73. ^ "Kirin Cup". Retrieved 31 August 2007. 
  74. ^ "Boro Legends".  
  75. ^ a b Rollin, Glenda & Rollin, Jack (2006). Sky Sports Football Yearbook 2006–2007. Headline.  
  76. ^ "Sport: Football Legends list in full". BBC News. 5 August 1998. Retrieved 31 August 2007. 
  77. ^ "Hall of Fame".  
  78. ^ "MFC History – Managers". Middlesbrough F.C. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 

References and notes

  • MFC Ladies – Middlesbrough Football Club Ladies

See also

Dates Manager(s)
1899–1905 Jack Robson
1905–1906 Alex Mackie
1906–1909 Andy Aitken
1909–1910 John Gunter
1910–1911 Andy Walker
1911–1919 Tom McIntosh
1920–1923 Jimmy Howie
1923–1926 Herbert Bamlett
1927–1934 Peter McWilliam
1934–1944 Wilf Gillow
1944–1952 David Jack
1952–1954 Walter Rowley
1954–1963 Bob Dennison
1963–1966 Raich Carter
1966–1973 Stan Anderson
1973–1977 Jack Charlton
Dates Manager(s)
1977–1981 John Neal
1981–1982 Bobby Murdoch
1982–1984 Malcolm Allison
1984 Jack Charlton
1984–1986 Willie Maddren
1986–1990 Bruce Rioch
1990–1991 Colin Todd
1991–1994 Lennie Lawrence
1994–2000 Bryan Robson
2000–2001 Terry Venables and Bryan Robson
2001–2006 Steve McClaren
2006–2009 Gareth Southgate
2009–2010 Gordon Strachan
2010–2013 Tony Mowbray
2013– Aitor Karanka

The following are all the full-time Middlesbrough managers since the club turned professional in 1899.[78]


The following former Middlesbrough players and managers have been inducted into the Scottish Football Hall of Fame.

Scottish Football Hall of Fame

The English Football Hall of Fame is housed at The National Football Museum in Preston, England. The Hall aims to celebrate and highlight the achievements of top English Footballers and Footballers who have played in England. These players appeared for or managed Middlesbrough at some point in their careers.[77]

English Football Hall of Fame

The Football League 100 Legends is a list of "100 legendary football players" produced by The Football League in 1998, to celebrate the 100th season of League football.[76]

Football League 100 Legends

Player of the Year award winners

These players scored more than 140 goals during their time with the club. The number in brackets indicates the number of goals scored in all competitions.[75]

Top goalscorers

These players made more than 430 appearances during their time at the club. The number in brackets indicates the number of appearances in all competitions.[75]

Top appearances

These ten players were voted for by fans as part of a campaign with the Evening Gazette.[74]

Middlesbrough Legends

Notable players

Reserves and Academy

No. Position Player
11 MF Mustapha Carayol (on loan at Huddersfield Town)
12 GK Connor Ripley (on loan at Motherwell)
17 DF James Husband (on loan at Fulham)
20 MF Adam Reach (on loan at Preston)
30 FW Yanic Wildschut (on loan at Wigan Athletic)
DF Bryn Morris (on loan at York City)
DF Jonathan Burn (on loan at Oldham Athletic)
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Out on loan

No. Position Player
1 GK Dimitrios Konstantopoulos
2 DF Damià Abella
3 DF George Friend
4 DF Daniel Ayala
5 DF Fernando Amorebieta (on loan from Fulham)
6 DF Ben Gibson
7 MF Grant Leadbitter (captain)
8 MF Adam Clayton
9 FW Kike
10 MF Carlos de Pena
13 GK Tomás Mejías
14 DF Rhys Williams
15 DF Alex Baptiste
16 DF Jack Stephens (on loan from Southampton)
No. Position Player
18 FW Christian Stuani
19 MF Stewart Downing
22 DF Dael Fry
24 MF Emilio Nsue
25 GK Michael Agazzi (on loan from A.C. Milan)
26 DF Tomáš Kalas (on loan from Chelsea)
27 MF Albert Adomah
31 MF Diego Fabbrini (on loan from Watford)
32 DF Adam Jackson
33 MF Lewis Maloney
35 FW David Nugent
36 MF Bruno Zuculini (on loan from Manchester City)
39 DF Jonathan Woodgate
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
As of 26 October 2015.

Current squad


Executive Members
Role Person
Chairman Steve Gibson
Chief Executive Neil Bausor
Chief Financial Officer Alan Bage
Non Executive Members
Role Person
Official Club Advisor Peter Kenyon
Club Secretary Karen Nelson
Senior Team Management
Role Person
Head Coach Aitor Karanka
Assistant Coach Steve Agnew
Goalkeeping Coach Leo Percovich
Head of Match Analysis Iván Muñoz
Head Of Fitness Adam Kerr
Fitness Assistant Carlos Cachada
Europe Scout Gary Gill
Role Person
Head of medical Chris Moseley
Physio Adam Reed
Doctor Brian Blacklidge
Academy Team Management
Role Person
Academy Manager Dave Parnaby
Academy U-21 Lead Coach Paul Jenkins
Academy U-18 Coach Craig Liddle
Academy U-15 Coach Eric Black
Academy U-15 Coach Lorenzo Rodriguez
Academy U-14 Coach Mark Tinkler
Academy U-13 Coach Paul Dalton
Academy U-12 Coach Craig Hobbs
Academy U-11 Coach Gary Bennett
Academy U-11 Coach Paul Crager
Academy U-10 Coach David McTiernan
Head Goalkeeping Coach Chris Pennock
Goalkeeping Coach Jon Collinson
Goalkeeping Coach Paul Clements
Sports Scientist Peter Hood
Head of Recruitment Ron Bone
Assistant Head of Recruitment Martin Carter
Head of Education and Welfare Barry Dawson

As of 26 December 2013

Club staff

Winners (1): 1980
Winners (1): 1976
Runners-up (1): 2005–06


Winners (1): 2004
Runners-up (2): 1990, 2003
Runners-up (1): 1990
Winners (2): 1895, 1898
Runners-up (1): 1996–97
Winners (1): 2003–04
Runners-up (2): 1996–97, 1997–98


Winners (3): 1893–94, 1894–95, 1896–97
Runners-up (3): 1890–91, 1891–92, 1897–98
Runners-up (2): 1966–67, 1986–87
Winners (4): 1926–27, 1928–29, 1973–74, 1994–95
Runners-up (3): 1901–02, 1991–92, 1997–98
Play-off winners (1): 1987–88




"Middlesbrough Football Club exists for the community, for the people of Teesside—and the closure of the steel plants threatens to rip the heart out of our community. We cannot stand by and allow that to happen. We want the steelworkers and their families to know that we are behind them and will help their campaign in any way we can ... We like to think that the football club is the flagship of Teesside. Well this is our town and these are our people and we have to do what we can to help them."[68]

In 2009, steel producer Corus Group announced the possibility that it would mothball its Teesside plant, with up to 4,000 employees and contractors facing redundancy, after a consortium of steel magnates walked away from a 10-year deal. Middlesbrough Football Club helped with the "Save Our Steel" campaign by hosting dozens of steel workers and their families as they marched around the ground, promoted the campaign via the stadium's PA system, scoreboards and in match day programmes, while players wore T-shirts during warm-ups promoting the campaign.[68] Chairman Steve Gibson said:

Middlesbrough's mascot is Roary the Lion. The club runs Roary's Children's Charity Fund which purchases items for local children's charities.[67]

It was announced in December 2007 that Middlesbrough football club had carried out more community work during 2006–07 than any other Premier League club, rising from second place the previous year, with the club making 318 appearances – almost twice the Premier League average of 162.[65] They were in the top two for community appearances again in 2007–08, with 374 – a 17% increase on the previous season.[66]

Since 2002, the club and MFCIC have also run the Middlesbrough Enterprise Academy, a scheme which helps local children improve their entrepreneurial skills and increase their awareness of business planning and finance. In March 2008, plans were announced by the Premier League to roll out the scheme nationally amongst all Premier League clubs.[64]


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