World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gamble House (Pasadena, California)

Article Id: WHEBN0000463581
Reproduction Date:

Title: Gamble House (Pasadena, California)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Greene and Greene, Pasadena, California, Orange Grove Boulevard (Pasadena), List of Massachusetts Institute of Technology alumni, Museums in Pasadena, California
Collection: American Craftsman Architecture in California, Arts and Crafts Architecture in California, Bungalow Architecture in California, California Historical Landmarks, Historic House Museums in California, Houses Completed in 1909, Houses in Pasadena, California, Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in California, Museums in Los Angeles County, California, Museums in Pasadena, California, National Historic Landmarks in California, National Register of Historic Places in Pasadena, California, Visitor Attractions in Pasadena, California
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Gamble House (Pasadena, California)

David B. Gamble House
The Gamble House (April 2005)
Gamble House (Pasadena, California) is located in California
Location 4 Westmoreland Place, Pasadena, California
Built 1908
Architect Greene & Greene
Architectural style Bungalow in American Craftsman style of the Arts and Crafts Movement & other
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 71000155
CHISL # 871[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP September 3, 1971[2]
Designated NHL December 22, 1977[3]

The Gamble House, also known as David B. Gamble House, is a National Historic Landmark, a California Historical Landmark, and museum in Pasadena, California, USA. It was designed by brothers Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene of the architectural firm Greene and Greene and constructed 1908–09 as a home for David B. Gamble of the Procter & Gamble company.


  • Design 1
    • Interiors 1.1
    • Exterior and gardens 1.2
  • History 2
  • References 3
    • Notes 3.1
    • Further reading 3.2
  • External links 4


View from the front porch

Originally intended as a winter residence for David and Mary Gamble, the three-story Gamble House is commonly described as America's Arts and Crafts masterpiece. Its style shows influence from traditional Japanese aesthetics and a certain California spaciousness born of available land and a permissive climate. The Arts and Crafts Movement in American Craftsman style architecture was focused on the use of natural materials, attention to detail, aesthetics, and craftsmanship.


Rooms in the Gamble House were built using multiple kinds of wood; the teak, maple, oak, Port Orford cedar, and mahogany surfaces are placed in sequences to bring out contrasts of color, tone and grain. Inlay in the custom furniture designed by the architects matches inlay in the tile mantle surrounds, and the interlocking joinery on the main staircase was left exposed. One of the wooden panels in the entry hall is actually a concealed door leading to the kitchen, and another panel opens to a clothes closet. The Greenes used an experienced team of local contractors who had worked together for them in Pasadena on several previous homes, including the Hall brothers, Peter and John, who are responsible for the high quality of the woodworking in the house and its furniture.

The woods, the low and horizontal room shapes, and the natural light that filters through the art glass exterior windows, coexist with a relatively traditional plan, in which most rooms are regularly shaped and organized around a central hall. Although the house is not as spatially adventurous as the contemporary works of billiard room, but was used as an attic by the Gamble family. The Gamble family crest, a crane and trailing rose, was integrated in part or whole in many locations around the house.

Exterior and gardens

Outdoor lamp on the back porch.

Outdoor space was as important as the interior spaces. Exterior porches are found off three of the second-floor bedrooms and were used for sleeping or entertaining. The main terrace is privately beyond the rear facade of the residence. It has patterned brick paving with planting areas, a large curvilinear pond, and garden walls made with distinctive clinker bricks and boulders. Paths made with large water-worn stones from the nearby Arroyo Seco are reminiscent of running brooks crossing the lawns. The overall landscape design and constructed garden elements are integrated with the architectural proportion and detailing. The triple front door and transom feature a Japanese black pine motif in plated (more than one layer) leaded art glass, highlighting the Asian influence that runs throughout the house.


Exterior view from front lawn, showing southwest-facing front door and front gable.

David and Mary Gamble lived in the house during the winter months until their deaths in 1923 and 1929, respectively. Mary's younger sister Julia lived in the house until her death in 1943. Cecil Huggins Gamble and his wife Louise Gibbs Gamble lived in the house beginning in 1946 and briefly considered selling it until prospective buyers spoke of painting the interior teak and mahogany woodwork white. In 1966, Cecil and Louise Gamble turned the house over to the city of Pasadena in a joint agreement with the University of Southern California School of Architecture. The Gamble House was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977.[3][4] Today, two 5th year USC architecture students live in the house full-time; the selected students change annually.

The house is portrayed as the home of Dr. Emmett Brown in the Back to the Future trilogy, described as the "Brown Mansion" in a newspaper headline dated August 1, 1962, seen in the first film.

The house was included in a list of all-time top 10 houses in Los Angeles in a Los Angeles Times survey of experts in December 2008.[5]



  1. ^ a b "Gamble House". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  3. ^ a b "David B. Gamble House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-17. 
  4. ^ Carolyn Pitts (July 13, 1977), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: David Berry Gamble House / The gamble House Greene and Greene Library (PDF), National Park Service, retrieved 2009-06-22  and Accompanying 7 photos, exterior and interior, from 1908 and undated. PDF (1.81 MB)
  5. ^ Mitchell, Sean (December 27, 2008). "The best houses of all time in L.A.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-12-27. 

Further reading

  • Images of The Gamble House - Masterwork of Greene & Greene, Jeanette Thomas, Univ. of So. Calif. 1989, ISBN 0-9622296-1-X

External links

  • Official Gamble House website
  • Gamble House Movies List - List of Movies that featuring the Gamble House.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.