World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0002700648
Reproduction Date:

Title: Naprapathy  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bodywork (alternative medicine), Manual lymphatic drainage, Alternative medicine degrees, Reflexology, Massage
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


NCCAM classifications
  1. Alternative Medical Systems
  2. Mind-Body Intervention
  3. Biologically Based Therapy
  4. Manipulative Methods
  5. Energy Therapy
See also

Naprapathy (Czech náprava: remedy - from napravit, to correct [1]) is a branch of Alternative Medicine, a Manual Therapy or Manipulative Therapy that focuses on the evaluation and specialize treatment of neuro-musculoskeletal conditions.[2]

Naprapathic practice means the evaluation of persons with connective tissue disorders through and palpation or treatment of persons by the use of connective tissue manipulation, therapeutic and rehabilitative exercise, postural counseling, nutritional counseling, and the use of the effective properties of physical measures of heat, cold, light, water, radiant energy, electricity, sound and air, and assistive devices for the purpose of preventing, correcting, or alleviating a physical disability.

Naprapathic practice includes, but is not limited to, the treatment of contractures, muscle spasms, inflammation, scar tissue formation, adhesions, lesions, laxity, hypotonicity, rigidity, structural imbalance, bruising, contusions, muscular atrophy, and partial separation of connective tissue fibers.[3]

Naprapathy is listed as a questionable treatment by the health consumer advocacy website Quackwatch.[4]


Naprapathy was established in the 1900s by Dr. Oakley Smith, an osteopathic student and early chiropractor. Dr. Smith was one in a handful of early chiropractors to study under Daniel David Palmer (D.D. Palmer), considered to be the founder of modern Chiropractic. In time, Dr. Smith developed his own theories on Palmer's concepts of vertebral subluxation, one which focused more on healing and repairing connective tissue. Through extensive anatomical research, Dr. Smith discovered that fibrous, or dense, connective tissues - ligaments, tendons, and muscles - when damaged or over-used, led to a rigid, scar-like condition in the body that often interfered and aggravated closely aligned nerves.

In 1907, after devising a system of treatment for evaluating and healing damaged connective tissue, Dr. Smith founded Naprapathy. Dr. Smith was an avid traveler. He liked learning about other cultures and health care practices around the world. While traveling in Czechoslovakia, he learned about an old healing practice called napravit. Dr. Smith observed the practice of napravit and found it to be similar to the technique he had been developing in United States, a gentle manipulation of constricted joints to loosen and relax.[5]

Naprapaths working with the spine emphasize the underlying ligaments, tendons, fascia, muscles and related connective tissue.[3]

Naprapathy is listed as a questionable treatment by the health consumer advocacy website Quackwatch.[4]

See also


  1. ^ " dictionary :: napravit :: Czech-English translation". Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "Home Page". naprapathy. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Illinois Compiled Statutes".  
  4. ^ a b  
  5. ^ "Naprapathic Medicine of New Mexico - history of naprapathy". Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.