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Title: Makruh  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ritual purity in Islam, Halal, Haram, Bid‘ah, Ahkam
Collection: Arabic Words and Phrases in Sharia, Fiqh, Religious Ethics, Ritual Purity in Islam
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


In Islamic terminology, something which is makruh (Arabic: مكروه, transliterated: makrooh or makrūh) is a disliked or offensive act (literally "detestable" or "abominable"[1]), one of the five categories (or "Ahkam pentad") in Islamic law -- wajib/fard (obligatory), Mustahabb/mandub (recommended), halal/mubah (permitted), makruh (disapproved), haram (forbidden).[2] Though it is not haram (forbidden) or subject to punishment, a person who abstains from this act will be rewarded.[1] Muslims are encouraged to avoid such actions when or as possible. This is one of the degrees of approval (ahkam) in Islamic law.


Examples of something considered Makruh are the use of a great amount of water for the pre-prayer ablutions (ritual washings) known as the wudu and ghusl, the consumption of garlic before attending the mosque or socializing with others,[1] or divorce.[3]

An example of a food which is considered Makruh for Muslims of the Hanafi Madh'hab is prawns (but only on Hanafi Madh'hab).[4] There are, however, shared attitudes within the Hanafi school of whether shrimp are considered water game and are thereby halal. Hanafis believe that you should refrain from it and eat something else if possible.[5]

Other examples of Makrooh acts in Islam include: Smoking, talking while taking wudu for prayer, slaughtering an animal for food while other animals of its kind can see.


  1. ^ a b c al-Dīn, Mūʼil Yūsuf ʻIzz. Islamic Law: From Historical Foundations to Contemporary Practice. Edinburgh University Press. p. 98. Retrieved 7/8/2014. 
  2. ^ Campo, Juan Eduardo. Encyclopedia of Islam. infobase. p. 284. Retrieved 7/8/2014. 
  3. ^ Sonbol, Amira El Azhary (ed.). Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History. Syracuse University Press. p. 265. Retrieved 7/8/2014. 
  4. ^ Lawful to you is the pursuit of water game and its use for food, for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel; ….[5:96]..
  5. ^ Ruling on Shrimp 

External links

  • Some of the Detestable (Makruh) Conducts in Islam (Shi’a site)

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