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Title: Bikhakhanim  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Georgia (country)
Collection: 15Th-Century Deaths, 15Th-Century Female Rulers, History of Georgia (Country), Princesses, Women of Medieval Russia, Year of Birth Unknown
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A Russian map of the Taman peninsula, c. 1870.

Bikhakhanim was the reigning princess of a small Beka II Jakeli (died 1391), the ruler of Samtskhe and Klarjeti.[2]

However, "Beki" means "Ruling Woman" in Mongolian and "Khanim" was the Medieval title of a female patrilineal descendant of Genghis Khan (equivalent to "Khan" for a male). 1419 was the year that the sons of Tokhtamysh Khan of the Golden Horde killed his rival Edigu the Khan of the Nogai Horde as a continuation of the Tokhtamysh–Timur war and reestablished control over the region.

Bikhakhanim was married in 1419 to the Genoese Jew Simeone de Guizolfi, who through this marriage became ruler of that country under Genoese overlordship. One of his heirs, Zacharias de Guizolfi, was still reigning in 1482.

See also


  1. ^ Brun ii. 386.
  2. ^ Brosset ii. 206.


  • Brosset, Marie-Félicité. Hist. de la Géorgie.
  • Brun, F. K. Trudy Pervago Archeologickeskago Syezda v Moskve, 1869, ii. 386
  • Löwe, Richard. Die Reste der Germanen am Schwarzen Meere, p. 42, Halle, 1896.
  • Rosenthal, Herman. "Bikhakhanim". Jewish Encyclopedia. Funk and Wagnalls, 1901-1906.

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