World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Misty poets

Article Id: WHEBN0003114100
Reproduction Date:

Title: Misty poets  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Misty poets, Guo Lusheng, Duo Duo, Hai Zi, Informationist poetry
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Misty poets

The Misty Poets (Chinese: ; pinyin: Ménglóng Shīrén) are a group of 20th century Chinese poets who reacted against the restrictions on art during the Cultural Revolution.[1][2] They are so named because their work has been officially denounced as "obscure", "misty", or "hazy" poetry (menglong shi).[3] But according to Gu Cheng, "the defining characteristic of this new type of poetry is its realism--it begins with objective realism but veers towards a subjective realism; it moves from a passive reaction toward active creation." [4] The movement was initially centered on the magazine Jintian (Chinese: 今天; pinyin: Jīntiān; literally: "Today"), which was founded by Bei Dao and Mang Ke and published from 1978 until 1980, when it was banned.[5]

Guo Lusheng is among the earliest poets of the zhiqing generation poets and was an inspiration for several of the original Misty Poets. Five important misty poets, Bei Dao, Gu Cheng, Shu Ting, He Dong and Yang Lian, were exiled after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. Jintian was resurrected in Sweden in 1990 as a forum for expatriate Chinese writers.

The work of the Misty Poets has had a strong influence on the lyrics of China's first generation of rock musicians, particularly Cui Jian.


During the Cultural Revolution, Mao Zedong decreed certain cultural requirements for literature and art in China. According to these ideas, writers and artists were encouraged to form a "cultural army" to educate the masses and provide them with revolutionary values. All art would therefore be political and there was no art for art's sake. According to these requirements, the poetry was relatively compliant and realistic, as the following example shows:

The moon follows the earth,
The earth follows the sun,
Oil follows our steps,
And we shall always follow the Communist Party.[6]

In the civil war-like state at the end of the Cultural Revolution, many Chinese were sent to the country under the slogan "Up to the mountains and down to the countryside" ( Chinese: 上山下乡 shàngshānxiàxiāng) The discontent of the deportees was great and many felt disillusioned after the Cultural Revolution, which was described as the "Ten Lost Years" afterwards across the country. Although it was banned during the Cultural Revolution to publish literature and art, an extensive underground poetry circulated, which was written under extreme conditions:

Gu Cheng (Chinese: 顾城 Gu Cheng) says that he started his poems in a pigsty, Bei Dao (Chinese: 北岛) wrote his first plays in the evening after work. Only with the death of Mao Zedong, the arrest of the Gang of Four, as well as an opening to the west, the laws became looser around the "cultural requirements". The unofficial magazine "Today" (Chinese: 今天 Jintian) and "Today" offered a platform for these feelings and poems. The first issue was published with the seminal poem "The Answer" (Chinese: 回答 Huida), which can be regarded as a paradigm for the obscure nature of misty poetry. The line "I do not believe" (Chinese: 我不相信 wǒ bù Xiangxin) here almost became a buzzword at the time. The publication of further Menglong poems immediately initiated a year-long debate on the freedom of the individual and the author and his commitment to society, the state, and the party.

List of Misty Poets


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Sze, ARthur ed., Chinese Writer on Writing, Trinity University Press, 2010
  5. ^
  6. ^ Tony Barnstone (ed.), Wu Shuteh in Out of the Howling Storm. The New Chinese Poetry. Wesleyan University Press, Hanover / London 1993, 12
  • Barnstone, Tony, ed. (1993). Out of the Howling Storm: The New Chinese Poetry. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 0-8195-1210-9.
  • Jones, Andrew F. (1992). Like a Knife: Ideology and Genre in Contemporary Chinese Popular Music. Cornell East Asia series, no. 57. Ithaca, New York: East Asia Program, Cornell University. ISBN 0-939657-57-0.

External links

  • Out of the Howling Storm, The New Chinese Poetry
  • Jintian
  • - A Brief Guide to Misty Poets
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.