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Title: Sterane  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Diene, Propadiene, Timeline of natural history, Alkyne, Smoke
Collection: Steroids
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Numbering of the C atoms. In steranes the side chain at C-17 varies.

Cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene (Cyclopentane perhydro phenanthrene), also known as Steranes are a class of 4-cyclic compounds derived from steroids or sterols via diagenetic and catagenetic degradation and saturation. Steranes have an androstane skeleton with a side chain at carbon C-17. The sterane structure constitutes the core of all sterols. Steranes are sometimes used as biomarkers for the presence of eukaryotic cells. [1]

Steranes may be rearranged to diasteranes during diagenesis (C-27 to C-30, rearrangement at C-18 and C-19, no R at C-24). Oils from clastic source rocks tend to be rich in diasteranes. Cholesterol and its derivatives (progesterone, aldosterone, cortisol and testosterone), are common examples of compounds with the cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene nucleus.


  1. ^ About biomarkers geobiology@mit. Accessed 8 October 2009.
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