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Malakhovka, Moscow Oblast

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Title: Malakhovka, Moscow Oblast  
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Malakhovka, Moscow Oblast

Malakhovka (English)
Малаховка (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Work settlement[1]

Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Malakhovka is located in Moscow Oblast
Malakhovka
Malakhovka
Location of Malakhovka in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates:
Coat of arms of Malakhovka
Flag of Malakhovka
Anthem Anthem of Malakhovka[2]
Administrative status (as of March 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administrative district Lyuberetsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2009)
Municipal district Lyuberetsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Malakhovka Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Malakhovka Urban Settlement[3]
Head[4] Alexander Avtayev
Representative body Council of Deputies[5]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 24,004 inhabitants[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
First mentioned 1328
Urban-type settlement status since 1961[8]
Postal code(s)[9] 140030
Official website

Malakhovka (Russian: Мала́ховка), a Moscow suburb with historic dachas,[10] is an urban locality (a work settlement) in Lyuberetsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia.[1] Population: 24,004 (2010 Census);[6] 18,552 (2002 Census);[11] 26,454 (1989 Census).[12]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Administrative and municipal status 2
  • Economy and infrastructure 3
  • Media 4
  • Notable people 5
  • References 6
    • Notes 6.1
    • Sources 6.2

History

Under the name Malakhovskoye (Мала́ховское), it was first mentioned in 1328 in Ivan Kalita's will as a place left to Ivan's older son Semyon.[13]

A Pre-revolutionary Dacha in Malakhovka

The railway station was built in 1884, and by the next year Malakhovka was recognized as a dacha settlement. By the end of the 19th century, the settlement was inhabited by such renowned representatives of Russian arts and literature as Anton Chekhov, Maxim Gorky, Ivan Bunin, and Feodor Chaliapin.[10] Chaliapin performed in the Summer Theater before 1914.[14] The actress Faina Ranevskaya performed there from the following year, and also had a dacha there. At the time of the Revolution Malakhovka was a described as a "hamlet" of about three hundred dachas.[14]

Urban-type settlement status was granted to Malakhovka in 1961.[8]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Malakhovka is incorporated within Lyuberetsky District of Moscow Oblast.[1] Within the framework of municipal divisions, Malakhovka is a part of a larger Malakhovka Urban Settlement, which, in addition to Malakhovka proper, also includes the village of Pekhorka and adjacent territories.[3]

Economy and infrastructure

The Malakhovka railway station is located 29 kilometers (18 mi) southeast from Moscow. The settlement has minor industry: an ore mining equipment factory and a food processing plant. There are also two sanatoriums, a history museum, an Orthodox church, and a synagogue.

Media

Malakhovka has a local newspaper, Malakhovsky Vestnik (Малаховский Вестник, "Malakhovka Herald").

Notable people

Marc Chagall taught at a Jewish boys shelter (mainly for refugees from Ukrainian pogroms) here in 1921, did the illustrations for David Hofstein's long poem "Troyer" (Grief) and worked on his mural "Introduction to the Jewish Theater".[15] The refuge was a center for many Yiddish writers including Der Nister, who lived with Chagall, David Hofstein, and Itzik Feffer.[16]

Chagal (front) and Der Nister (behind) at the Malakhovka boys shelter

The Soviet writer and USSR State Prize Laureate Nikolay Dobronravov (husband of Aleksandra Pakhmutova) went to school in Malakhovka during the war.[17] The Olympic and World champion runner Irina Privalova was born in Malakhovka.

An early (1959) poem by Andrey Voznesensky is "Last Train to Malakhovka", regarding his regular trips to the settlement.[18]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ Charter of Malakhovka, Article 1.4
  3. ^ a b c d Law #81/2005-OZ, Article 1.4
  4. ^ Charter of Malakhovka Urban Settlement, Article 13.1.2
  5. ^ Charter of Malakhovka Urban Settlement, Article 13.1.1
  6. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b Администрация Московской области. Организационно-контрольное управление (1999). Справочник по административно-территориальному устройству Московской области. Москва: ГУП ИПК "Ульяновский Дом печати". p. 14. 
  9. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  10. ^ a b Toda, Yasushi and Nozdrina, Nadezhda N.(2008) The Cottages in Suburban Moscow: A New Lifestyle for the Wealthy, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, 24: 3, 444—455
  11. ^  
  12. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Ivan Kalita's will". 
  14. ^ a b Timothy J. Colton (1998), Moscow: Governing the Socialist Metropolis, Harvard University Press, p. 127.
  15. ^ Harshav, Benjamin. 2004. Marc Chagall and His Times, Stanford University Press. Pages 75, 294, 298.
  16. ^ Dara Horn, The World to Come, W.W. Norton, 2006, page 313.
  17. ^ Persona.rin.ru. Nikolai Dobronravov
  18. ^ Andrey Voznesensky, Antiworlds and The Fifth Ace, Basic Books, New York 1967, pp 84-87.

Sources

  • Toda, Yasushi and Nozdrina, Nadezhda N. (2008) The Cottages in Suburban Moscow: A New Lifestyle for the Wealthy, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, 24: 3, 444—455
  • Timothy J. Colton (1998) Moscow: Governing the Socialist Metropolis, Harvard University Press, 1998, page 127.
  • Совет депутатов городского поселения Малаховка. Решение №259/37 от 23 октября 2008 г. «Устав городского поселения Малаховка Люберецкого муниципального района Московской области», в ред. Решения №323/49 от 29 сентября 2009 г «О принятии положения городского поселения Малаховка о поправках к Уставу городского поселения Малаховка». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Малаховский вестник", №49–50, 26 декабря 2008 г. (Council of Deputies of Malakhovka Urban Settlement. Decision #259/37 of October 23, 2008 Charter of Malakhovka Urban Settlement of Lyuberetsky Municipal District of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Decision #323/49 of September 29, 2009 On Adopting the Provision of Malakhovka Urban Settlement on Amending the Charter of Malakhovka Urban Settlement. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №161-ПГ от 13 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #161-PG of August 13, 2014 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №81/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Люберецкого муниципального района, вновь образованного в его составе городского поселения и существующих на территории Люберецкого района Московской области муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №45/2012-ОЗ от 4 мая 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Люберецкого муниципального района, вновь образованного в его составе городского поселения и существующих на территории Люберецкого района Московской области муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №44, 12 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #81/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Lyuberetsky Municipal District, the Newly Established Urban Settlement Comprising It, and the Existing Municipal Formations on the Territory of Lyuberetsky District of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #45/2012-OZ of May 4, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Lyuberetsky Municipal District, the Newly Established Urban Settlement Comprising It, and the Existing Municipal Formations on the Territory of Lyuberetsky District of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
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