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Tumsar

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Tumsar

Tumsar
तुमसर
city
Tumsar is located in Maharashtra
Tumsar
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Bhandara
Government
 • MLA Charan Waghmare
Elevation 272 m (892 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 44,869
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 441912
Telephone code 91-7183
Vehicle registration MH36
Website www.facebook.com/tumsar
CSC Tumsar

Tumsar is a city and Municipal Council in the Bhandara district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city's name comes from a fish, "tum", that was discovered in the area.

Contents

  • About Tumsar 1
  • History 2
  • Culture 3
  • Economy 4
  • Transport 5
  • Tourist attractions 6
  • Demographics 7
  • Education 8
    • Schools 8.1
    • Higher education 8.2
  • Sports 9
  • Community 10
  • Politics 11
  • References 12

About Tumsar

Tumsar, is a rapidly developing municipal town in Bhandara tahsil situated in 21� 23' N. and 79� 46' E. on the Nagpur-Howrah railway line, 27 miles from Bhandara and 570 miles from Bombay. A branch line takes off from Tumsar to Katangi and Tirodi. About three miles distant from the station, the town is well laid out with broad streets. In 1971 there were 29721 inhabitants. It is surrounded by numerous mango groves and other fruit gardens chiefly producing guaves, oranges and mosambi of the gardens within the town.

Tumsar is a centre of grain trade and there is a municipal ganj or covered market. The staple produce is rice, the crop grown in the neighbouring tract having a high reputation. A regulated market provided with basic amenities serves as a centre for the collection and export of agricultural produce. There are a few rice and flour mills. There is a considerable output of manganese from the mines in the vicinity, and the Central India Mining Company has constructed a tramway from Tumsar Road through Tumsar to Bondkota on the Bavanthadi, a distance of 23 miles. Imparting instruction in mining and mine surveying is a polytechnic maintained by the Government. The Maharashtra State Electricity Board has a sub-power station here which is fed through the Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station and which supplies electricity to the entire district. A ferro-manganese plant having 20,000 tons installed capacity per annum and employing 500 workers is set up here. As the plant requires a large quantity of power to process manganese and other minerals, a 66 K.W. double circuit line has been brought from Kharparkheda to the plant area. Tumsar has a paper mill, a carbon electron producing centre, a few saw mills and numerous other small industrial units. Abundant tendu leaves available in the nearby forests have given rise to a flourishing bidi-rolling industry. Cart-wheels are largely made in Tumsar and supplied to most of the neighbouring districts. The hubs are usually made of babul wood and the rest of the wheel, of teak. At the weekly market held on Tuesdays, cart wheels are sold. Cloth is also woven in large quantities in the surrounding villages. White loin-cloths with red borders are chiefly produced. Silk-bordered cloths with silver gilt thread are also woven.

Municipality.—Tumsar was created a municipality in 1867. Its jurisdiction extends over an area of 6�3 square miles. A total of 23 councillors, 21 elected and two co-opted constitute the municipal council. The meetings of the council are presided over by the president elected by the councillors from among themselves.

The old Gazetteer had the following to say about the income and expenditure of the municipality: —

Income and Expenditure : " . . . . the average receipt's for the decade ending 1901 were Rs. 5,000. In 1904-05 the income had fallen to Rs. 4,600, being principally derived from a property tax and market dues [Central Provinces District Gazetteers, Bhandara District, 1908 ed., pp. 238]". The municipal income has considerably risen since then and in 1968-69 touched Rs. 13,80,656. Sources which made up this income were municipal rates and taxes, Rs. 9,98,036; realisation under special Acts, Rs. 4,775; revenue derived from municipal property and powers apart from taxation Rs. 95,906; grants and contributions for special and general purposes, Rs. 7,69,191 and miscellaneous, Rs. 12,748. Expenditure during the same year stood at Rs. 13,99,082 and comprised general administration and collection charges, Rs. 2,36,213; public safety, Rs. 59,376; public health and convenience, Rs. 3,61,806; public instruction, Rs. 6,88,343; contribution's, Rs. 200 and miscellaneous, Rs. 53,144.

Medical Aid, Drainage and Water-Supply : Tumsar has two hospitals out of which one is maintained by the municipality while the other receives an annual grant from it which in 1963-64 amounted to Rs. 5,000. The town has also a primary health centre, a T.B. survey, education and treatment unit and a family planning centre. There is a veterinary dispensary in Gautam Nagar along Tumsar-Katangi road. Measures to eradicate malaria and filaria are taken from time to time in concert with the Government. The town has no regular drainage system, the drains being pucca stone-lined surface gutters. An underground drainage scheme estimated to cost Rs. 14,91,550 would soon replace the existing system considerably improving the sanitation of the town. Hitherto the town depended principally upon wells and the Wainganga for its water-supply. Now the town gets tap water from the water-works installed on the Wainganga at a cost of over Rs. 21,33,000.

Education: Primary education is conducted by the municipality for which it maintains ten primary schools, nine Marathi and one Hindi, and two balaka mandirs. The New English Primary School, the Sindhi Primary School and the Shreeram Balaka Mandir are privately conducted. A middle school for girls is managed by the Zilla Parishad. Tumsar has five higher secondary schools, of which three are managed by the municipality. There is a college named Seth Narsingdas Mor Arts and Commerce College. Of the three public libraries in the town, one is maintained by the municipality.

The municipal council has no fire fighting equipment. Services of the fire-brigade maintained by Shri R. B. Seth Shreeram Durgaprasadji are utilised in times of need. Cremation and burial places are also maintained and used by the communities concerned.

Tumsar has three cinema theatres. The places of worship include a fine mosque, two Hindu temples and a large Jain temple. Recently a Shivamandir has been added. Tumsar has post, telegraph and telphone facilities, a rest house, a police station and a panchayat samiti. Besides the weekly market and the grain market, the town has a covered market place known as baradvari so called because it has 12 openings. The daliy vegetable market has been provided with platfroms. A combined fish and meat market and a slaughter house have also been established.

History

Tumsar is also known as Rice Nagri, and was previously known as Kuber Nagari. The Karemore family make a Tumsar a beautifull city. Shri Narayanrao Karemore, his son Shri Jagdish Narayanrao Karemore and his grandson Shri Abhishek Jagdishchandra Karemore(Current President Of Nagar Parisad) have individual contributed to make Tumsar developed and have contributed making in history of Tumsar. Shri Anandrao Makde Guruji was famous freedom fighter, who floated Rashtriya School in Tumsar. After independence he became minister under Congress Government in C.P. Many young people from Tumsar, under the guidance of the late freedom fighter Shri Govindrao Ganpat Nawkarkar, joined the freedom movement under Mahatma Gandhi in 1946. Some prominent freedom fighters from Tumsar include shri shanbhu ji lanjewar, Shri Ram Lanjewar, Shri Bhiwaji Lanjewar, Shri Hemraj Sakharwade Shri Gaidhane and Shri Mehar.

Culture

Tumsar celebrates several main festivals. These are Kanuba, Kanhaiya Pujan, Durga Pujan, Ganpati Utsav, Pola (Marbat), Dasara, Diwali,Ram navami, Holi and Budhha Jayanti. Tumsar also began celebrating ShobhaYatra in 2005. In the era immediately after Independence, the Gandhi Jayanthi Saptah was also celebrated and Bengali Kali Puja is celebrated during Diwali by Bengali Samiti Tumsar.

During the Kanoba and Rakshabandhan festival, which takes place during the holy Shrawana month, bhujli is exchanged as a mark of respect and love.

Economy

Tumsar was once a large market for scented rice, but the market has declined in recent years. There are about 21 rice mills in Tumsar. Tumsar is also home to one of the biggest grain mandi, APMC. Tumsar is known as Rice city.

Before the nationalisation of the manganese ore mines located near the town, the town had many wealthy residents who owned giant bungalows and residential complexes.

There are few employment opportunities available in Tumsar, as the town is far from the capital of Maharashtra. The area is known for the manufacturing of beedis, from which poor residents make their living. Other than beedi, several companies have factories and offices in Tumsar. The FACOR Group of Andhra Pradesh has an office with about 40-50 staff, and Uni Deritend Castings Ltd., at Maneck Nagar is another prominent employer. Clarion Drugs Ltd, a Manufacturer of Pharmaceutical Intermediates & fine chemicals, located at Dewadi, also employs people from Tumsar & nearby areas. There are also rice mills and sugar factories that employ some local residents,and main industry is Alloy manufacturing plant called Uni ferro Alloy is main source of income for local people,apart from these small scale industries like milk products and filtering alloy stuffs added few points to economy of Tumsar.

Edutechpro.com, a blog about mobiles, tablets and technology is hosted from Tumsar.

Transport

Tumsar Town railway station is located on Tirodi Line, which transports manganese ore from MOIL's Chikla, Dongri and Tirodi mines. The main railway station, Tumsar Road (Dewhadi), is 5 km away from the town on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. Two trains connect Trivandrum with Tumsar, running 3–4 days a week with AC coaches. Several Express and Mail trains also stop at Tumsar. Tumsar also owns MSRTC Bus Depot.

Tumsar is connected by roads to all nearby villages and major cities such as Bhandara, Gondia, Nagpur and Amravati.

Tourist attractions

"Gaymookh" is a place of worship for devotees of Lord Shiva worship, also known as Chhota Mahadeo in the eastern Vidarbha region and part of Madhya Pradesh. There is also a big Holi Jatra during Mahashivratri festival. Gaymookh is 18 km from Tumsar. Ambagarh Killah Forest Talab

"Chandpur" is place as a gift of nature surrounded by hills of Satpura Range and Jungle. Chandpur Dam, is an earthfill dam on Chandpur river near Tumsar in State of Maharashtra in India.The height of the dam above lowest foundation is 19 m (62 ft) while the length is 1,051 m (3,448 ft). The volume content is 80.36 km3 (19.28 cu mi) and gross storage capacity is 29,025.00 km3 (6,963.47 cu mi).Chandpur is famous for Awakened Lord Hanuman Temple situated on the hill. The Hanuman Statue is 8 feet in height which is self originated. People come here to get peace of mind.Chandpur is 21 km from Tumsar & 120 km from Nagpur.

"Madgi" is another a place of worship for devotees of Narasimha a Lord Vishnu's avatar, the temple situated on the big rock in the middle of Wainganga river.Madgi is just 8 km from Tumsar & 105 km from Nagpur.

In Mohadi, which is a nearby place, there is a famous temple of Goddess Durga. Navratri is celebrated with zeal here.

One very old temple called Nagjhira Temple of Lord Shiva is situated 5 km from Tumsar.

Demographics

As of the 2011 census, Tumsar had a population of 44,869 living in 9,668 households.[1] The population was 51% male and 49% female. Tumsar's literacy rate was 85%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy was 85%, female literacy 83%. In Tumsar, 15% of the population was under six years of age.

Most Tumsar residents are Hindu, particularly of Teli, Kunbi, Powar Community, but other religions are also represented. The main language is Marathi, and most people also speak Hindi.

Despite a population of 45000 Tumsar boasts a quite cosmpolitian population. People from most of Indian communities are found in Tumsar .

Education

There are four CBSE schools and many state board schools. Students from Tumsar as well as from Mohadi, Tiroda and neighbouring areas of Madhya Pradesh come to the town for education.

Schools

1. Shirinbai Neterwala School, Maneck Nagar, Madgi.
2. Sharda Vidyalaya & Girls Jr. College Bajaj Nagar Tumsar.
3. Nehru High School.
4. Indutai Memorial High School.& Jr.college 5. Makde high school
6. Malviya School (Oldest).
7. R.S.S.G.K. Agrwal HIGH SCHOOL & Junior College TUMSAR.
8. Shanti Convent Public School,Tumsar
9. Kasturba Girls High School.
10. Nikhade Primary School.
11. Dhangare Primary School.
12. Maharshi Vidya Mandir.
13. Janta High School.
14. Primary School Shahar Vibhag.
15. Govt Technical High school.
16. U.S.A. Vidhaya Niketan School Shri Ram Bhawan Campus Tumsar.
18. Progressive English Medium High School.
19. Bharti Kanya High School.
20. Vishal High School.
21. Matoshri Vidya Mandir 22. Father Agel High School 23. Janata High School 24. Bangalkar Primary School 25. Janta Jr College 26. St. John Mission English Medium High School & Jr College. 27 .sai center school, Tumsar 28. S. N. Mor Arts, Commerce and Smt. G. D. Saraf Science College, Tumsar. 29. DAV (MOIL) Public school, Chikhala (22 k.m.from Tumsar)CBSE Pattern 30. Sant Ravidas Primary School Tumsar, ravidas nagar tumsar 31. Shagun Convent, Durga Nagar, Tumsar

Higher education

1. Manoharbhai Patel College of Education, (S. N. Mor Arts,Commerce & Smt. G. D. Saraf Science College Campus) Tumsar.
2. Smt. Gopikabai Bhure Mahila Mahavidyalaya.
3. Vivekanand Polytechnic, SitaSaongi (20 km away)

4. Maa Durga, ITI

5. Swami Vivekanand college of Technical Education(I.T.I) Tumsar Road(Dewhadi). 6 . hi tech mobile repairing institute

For higher education students mainly go to Nagpur, Pune and Mumbai. The college in the town, S.N. Mor, is affiliated with Nagpur University and provides bachelor's degrees in arts, commerce and science subjects as well as master's degrees in arts and commerce.

Tumsar has provided many scholars to the country. The late Dr. Ghanshyam Malewar, for example, was the first PhD scientist in agriculture science. There are also many engineers from Tumsar, working in areas such as power, irrigation, public works, railways, and the military. There are also physicians and IT professionals from Tumsar that are respected in India and abroad, as well as teachers who stay in Tumsar

Sports

Kabbadi, the national game, was often played in Tumsar in the past, along with Atyapatya during Holi. In modern times, cricket is popular.

Community

There are several NGOs and Social Organisations in Tumsar, such as Agrasen Navyuvak Mandal, the JCI-Tumsar (Junior Chamber International, an organization that conducts professional development trainings), the Yugandhar Yuva Sanskrutik Aani Krida Mandal (युगांधर युवा सांस्कृतिक आणि क्रिडा मंडळ) as Yugandhar Group (युगांधर समूह) in Sihora village (13 km from Tumsar) also participates in social engagement.[2]

Politics

References

  1. ^ a b "Sub-District Details". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  2. ^ Anand Malewar


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