World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Outline of relationships

Article Id: WHEBN0005997020
Reproduction Date:

Title: Outline of relationships  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: WikiProject Outlines/Outlines list redesign, Caregiver, Interpersonal relationships, Interpersonal relationship, Intimate relationship
Collection: Interpersonal Relationships, Outlines
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Outline of relationships

The following hierarchical outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to interpersonal relationships:

Interpersonal relationship – association between two or more people; this association may be based on limerence, love, solidarity, regular business interactions, or some other type of social commitment. Interpersonal relationships are formed in the context of social, cultural and other influences.


  • Essence of relationships 1
  • Types of relationships 2
    • Membership in a social group 2.1
      • Household membership 2.1.1
      • Peer group membership 2.1.2
      • Organization membership 2.1.3
      • Community membership 2.1.4
    • Intimate relationships 2.2
    • Professional relationships 2.3
  • Relations (relationship activities) 3
    • Relationship formation 3.1
    • Sexual relations 3.2
    • Dysfunctional relations 3.3
      • Abusive relations 3.3.1
    • End of a relationship 3.4
      • Reasons for ending a relationship 3.4.1
    • Theories of interpersonal relations 3.5
  • Relationship characteristics 4
    • Stages of a relationship 4.1
    • Feelings and emotions 4.2
    • Sexual orientation 4.3
  • Relationship partners 5
  • Relationship management 6
    • Relationship intervention 6.1
  • Relationship Development 7
  • Lacking an intimate relationship 8
  • Romance and Intimacy 9
  • Other 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12

Essence of relationships

  • Social relations – relationship between two (i.e. a dyad), three (i.e. a triad) or more individuals (i.e. members of a social group). Social relations, derived from individual agency, form the basis of social structure.
  • Social actions – acts which take into account the actions and reactions of individuals (or 'agents'). According to Max Weber, "an Action is 'social' if the acting individual takes account of the behavior of others and is thereby oriented in its course" (Secher 1962).

Types of relationships

Membership in a social group

Social group – consists of two or more humans who interact with one another, share similar characteristics and collectively have a sense of unity.[1] By this definition, a society can be viewed as a large group, though most social groups are considerably smaller.

  • Dyad – group of two people. "Dyadic" is an adjective used to describe this type of communication/interaction. A dyad is the smallest possible social group.
  • Triad – group of three people. Less stable than dyads because two will tend to unite against the other one.

Household membership

A table of relationships displays the relationships amongst relatives.

Household – one or more persons who share main residence, and share meals or living space[2]

Peer group membership

Peer group

Organization membership

An organization is a social group which distributes tasks for a collective goal. There are a variety of legal types of organizations, including:

Community membership


  • Citizenship – membership in a country or nation.
  • Neighbor – member of a neighborhood.
  • Member of society – a society is a body of individuals outlined by the bounds of functional interdependence, possibly comprising characteristics such as national or cultural identity, social solidarity, language, or hierarchical organization.

Intimate relationships

Intimate relationship

Professional relationships

Relations (relationship activities)

Relationship formation

Human mating is the process whereby an individual seeks out another individual with the intention of forming a long-term intimate relationship or marriage, but sometimes for casual relationship or friendship.

Sexual relations

Dysfunctional relations

Abusive relations


End of a relationship

Reasons for ending a relationship

Theories of interpersonal relations

  • Socionics – theory of intertype relations[4] incorporating Carl Jung's work on personality types with Antoni Kępiński's theory of information metabolism.
  • Attachment theory – describes the dynamics of long-term relationships between humans. Its most important tenet is that an infant needs to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver for social and emotional development to occur normally.
  • Social exchange theory – Social exchange theory is a social psychological and sociological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties. Social exchange theory posits that human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost-benefit analysis and the comparison of alternatives.

Relationship characteristics

Aspects of relationships include:

  • Attachment in adults
  • Attachment in children
  • Interpersonal attraction – force acting between two people that tends to draw them together and resist their separation, which leads to friendships and romantic relationships. It is distinct from physical attraction.
  • New relationship energy (NRE) – state of mind experienced at the beginning of most significant sexual and romantic relationships, typically involving heightened emotional and sexual receptivity and excitement. It begins with the earliest attractions, grows into full force when mutuality is established, and slowly fades over months to years.

Stages of a relationship

  • Stages presented in George Levinger's relationship model:
  • Acquaintance
  • Buildup
  • Continuation
  • Deterioration
  • Termination

Feelings and emotions

Sexual orientation

Relationship partners

Terms for partners in intimate relationships include:

Relationship management

Relationship intervention

Relationship Development

Terms for people who want to develop their relationships include:

Lacking an intimate relationship

Romance and Intimacy

Courtship –
Romance –


See also


  1. ^ "Social Groups." Accessed June 2011.
  2. ^ Haviland, W. A. (2003). Anthropology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Аугустинавичюте А. (1996). Социон, или Основы соционики. Соционика, ментология и психология личности, 4-5. (In Russian. Title can be translated as Augustinavichiute A. (1996). The Socion, or Socionics Basics. Socionics, Mentology, and Personality Psychology, 4-5).
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.