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List of crossings of the Hackensack River

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List of crossings of the Hackensack River

Bridges at the lower end of the Hackensack. The Lower Hack Lift is just upstream of the clustered Whitpenn, Harsimus Branch Lift, and PATH Lift (foreground), collectively known as the Triple Bridges[1][2] or Tri Hack.[3]

The Hackensack River courses southward for approximately 50 miles (80 km)[4] through the counties of Rockland in New York and Bergen and Hudson in northeastern New Jersey, creating the border of the latter two for part of its length. Its source, as identified by the USGS (Hydrological Code Unit 02030103901),[5] is in New City. The river empties into Newark Bay between Kearny Point and Droyer's Point (Jersey City).

At the outset of colonial era the river's watershed was home to Lenape groups now known as the Rumachenanck (or Haverstraw), Tappan, and Hackensack, the latter exonym taken from an encampment near the confluence of the tributary Overpeck Creek.[6] European settlement began in the mid 17th century as part of New Netherland when the region was called Achter Kol, meaning rear pass or behind the ridge, to describe the valleys west of the Hudson Palisades which afforded passage to trapping grounds in the northern hinterlands. It was settled by Bergen Dutch who established regular water crossings at Douwe's Ferry[7] and Little Ferry.[8] The first bridge crossing of the Hackensack was at Demarest Landing (now Old Bridge Road), built in 1724, which was replaced by that at New Bridge Landing in 1745.[9] The first railroad crossing was completed by the NJRR in 1834, and was soon followed by many others. By the early 1900s conflicts between rail and maritime traffic led to calls for changes in regulations giving priority to trains.[10]

At one time, Van Buskirk Island, created in 1804, was the head of navigation, but diminished freshwater flow in the Hackensack has been altered by construction of dams,[11] namely the Oradell (1923), the DeForest (1952), and the Tappan (1972).[12] The river is now tidally influenced to the island.[13] The Hackensack has only been channelized to MP 3.5 at the Riverbend in Hudson County.[11][14] The accumulation of silt has diminished the depth, and thus navigability, of the Lower Hackensack.[15] which at one time was a major waterway for towboats and river barges in the Port of New York and New Jersey.[16]

Since 1999, the bridge at MP 16.3 is the most upstream bridge required by the Code of Federal Regulations to open on request,[17] though no requests have made since 1994.[18] The Lower Hackensack remains partially in use for commercial maritime traffic, notably for coal deliveries to the Hudson Generating Station.[19] and sewage sludge for treatment at a facility on the bay.[20] Downstream of the power plant, vehicular moveable bridges (at MP 1.8 and MP 3.1) are required at all times to open on demand.[21] and rail crossings to open on 1-hour notice.[17] As of 2012 there were plans to replace the Wittpenn Bridge, a vehicular bridge at MP 3.1, with a new vertical lift bridge[22] and Portal Bridge, a rail swing bridge at MP 5.0, with a through arch bridge.[23]

Contents

  • Crossings 1
  • Abbreviations 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Sources 5
  • External links 6

Crossings

Mile Crossing Image Carried/Carries Location Coordinates
HD Draw (defunct) Newark and New York Railroad (CNJ) Jersey City & Kearny Point
1.7 Newark Plank Road (defunct) PS
1.8 Lincoln Highway Hackensack River Bridge

(Shawn Carson and Robert Nguyen Memorial Bridge)


U.S. Route 1-9 Truck
Lincoln Highway
East Coast Greenway
Pulaski Skyway U.S. Route 1/9
PATH Lift Bridge PRR and H&M
PATH
Jersey City & Kearny Meadows
Harsimus Branch Lift PRR
Conrail (North Jersey Shared Assets)

NS
CSX

3.1 Wittpenn Bridge original alignment of the Newark Turnpike
NJ 7
Wittpenn Bridge Replacement
(under construction)
New Jersey Railroad
(defunct)
PRR
3.4 Lower Hack Lift DL&W
Morris and Essex Lines (NJT)
Riverbend
5.0 Portal Bridge PRR
Northeast Corridor
Amtrak and NJT
Secaucus Junction & Kearny Meadows
Portal Bridge South (planned)
Portal Bridge North (planned)
Lewandowski Hackensack River Bridge New Jersey Turnpike (Eastern Spur)
Interstate 95
Snake Hill & Kearny Meadows
DB Draw (unused) New York and Greenwood Lake Railroad (Erie)
Boonton Line (NJT)
NS
6.9 Upper Hack Lift DL&W
Erie
Main Line (NJT)
Port Jervis Line (MNCR)
Harmon Cove & Kingsland
Lackawanna Swing Bridge (defunct) DL&W
7.7 HX Draw
aka The Jacknife
Bergen County Line (NJT)
Pascack Valley Line (NJT)
Meadowlands Rail Line (NJT)
Port Jervis Line (MNCR)
Harmon Cove & Meadowlands Sports Complex
Route 3 East NJ 3 Secaucus & Meadowlands Sports Complex
Route 3 West
(Medgar Evers Bridge)
NJ 3
Paterson Plank Road (defunct) Jersey City, Hoboken and Rutherford Electric Railway
Public Service
Secaucus North End &
Meadowlands Sports Complex
New Jersey Turnpike (Western Spur) Interstate 95 Carlstadt & Ridgefield Park
Bergen Turnpike
(aka Hackensack Plank Road) (defunct)
Public Service
CR 124
Ridgefield Park & Little Ferry
14.0 Route 46 Hackensack River Bridge
(aka S46 Bridge & Winant Avenue Bridge)
U.S. Route 46
Interstate 80 Interstate 80 Bogota & Hackensack
16.3 Court Street Bridge
(Harold J. Dillard Memorial Bridge)
Court Street - West Fort Lee Road
16.2 New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway NYS&W
Midtown Bridge
aka Salem Street Bridge
(Ryan Memorial Bridge)[24]
West Main Street
originally carried PS and predecessor streetcars lines
Cedar Lane Bridge East Anderson Street - Cedar Lane Teaneck & Hackensack
Fairleigh Dickinson University Footbridge
Route 4 NJ 4
Swing Bridge at New Bridge Landing
Built 1889. to replace earlier 1744 sliding drawbridge.

Main Street (no cars) New Bridge Landing
River Edge, Teaneck, New Milford
New Bridge Road New Milford & River Edge
River Edge Avenue Bridge
New Milford Avenue Bridge
(Merschrod Memorial Bridge)
New Milford
Oradell Avenue Bridge Oradell
Oradell Reservoir Dam Oradell
Old Hook Road Bridge CR 502 Emerson, Harrington Park & Closter
Harriot Avenue Bridge River Vale & Harrington Park
Westwood Avenue Bridge River Vale & Old Tappan
New Jersey
Old Tappan Road
Lake Tappan Dam footbridge
Poplar Road – Washington Avenue
Veterans Memorial Drive CR 20 New York State
Pearl River
Convent Road CR 26 Pearl River & Blauvelt
Blauvelt Road
Palisades Interstate Parkway
Fifth Avenue
Western Highway CR 15 West Nyack
River Subdivision (CSX) West Shore Railroad (NYC)
River Line (Conrail)
New York State Route 59 NY 59 NY-59
New York Thruway West Nyack & Bardonia
Old Mill Road Bardonia
Lake DeForest Dam
Congers Road Causeway CR 80 across Lake DeForest New City & Congers
Ridge Road CR 23 New City
New York State Route 304 NY-304
Haverstraw Road Old Route 304

Abbreviations

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ a b
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^ bridgesnyc: Midtown Bridge (Hackensack and Bogota)

Sources

External links

  • Signals
  • North Jersey.com: Bridges are man-made marvels of the Hackensack River
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