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Trabecular veins

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Title: Trabecular veins  
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Subject: Trabecular arteries, Trabeculae of spleen, Mantle zone, Haematopoiesis, Immune system
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Trabecular veins

Trabecular veins
Section of the spleen, showing the termination of the small blood vessels.
Transverse section of the spleen, showing the trabecular tissue and the splenic vein and its tributaries.
Drains from
Drains to
Splenic vein
Trabecular arteries
Anatomical terminology

The trabecular veins are the largest veins inside the spleen. It drains the blood collected in the sinuses of the pulp.


The blood is collected from the interstices of the tissue by the rootlets of the veins, which begin much in the same way as the arteries end.

The connective-tissue corpuscles of the pulp arrange themselves in rows, in such a way as to form an elongated space or sinus.

They become elongated and spindle-shaped, and overlap each other at their extremities, and thus form a sort of endothelial lining of the path or sinus, which is the radicle of a vein.

On the outer surfaces of these cells are seen delicate transverse lines or markings, which are due to minute elastic fibrillæ arranged in a circular manner around the sinus.

Thus the channel obtains an external investment, and gradually becomes converted into a small vein, which after a short course acquires a coat of ordinary connective tissue, lined by a layer of flattened epithelial cells which are continuous with the supporting cells of the pulp.

The smaller veins unite to form larger ones; these do not accompany the arteries, but soon enter the trabecular sheaths of the capsule, and by their junction form six or more branches, which emerge from the hilum, and, uniting, constitute the lienal vein, the largest radicle of the portal vein.


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

External links

  • Histology image: 07704loa – Histology Learning System at Boston University - "Lymphoid Tissues and Organs: spleen, central artery and trabecular vein"
  • Slide at
  • Swiss embryology (from UL, UB, and UF) qblood/lymphat06 (See figure #16)

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