World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of artificial objects in heliocentric orbit

Article Id: WHEBN0008427192
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of artificial objects in heliocentric orbit  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Planetary exploration, Heliocentric orbit, Reference desk/Archives/Science/2010 August 19, Exploration of Saturn, Escape velocity
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of artificial objects in heliocentric orbit

Below is a current list of artificial objects currently in heliocentric orbit. This list does not include objects which are escaping from the Solar System, upper stages from robotic missions (only the S-IVB upper stages from Apollo missions with astronauts are listed), or objects in the Sun-Earth Lagrange Points.

United States

The United States has placed in heliocentric orbit:

On Apollos 8 and 10-17, each S-IVB upper stage jettisoned four sections of a truncated conical adapter that supported the Apollo service module and (except for Apollo 8) enclosed the Lunar Module. These panels are in heliocentric orbit, including those from Apollos 13-17 whose S-IVBs impacted the moon, as the S-IVBs jettisoned them before maneuvering themselves into lunar impact trajectories. The panels continued on lunar flyby trajectories into heliocentric orbit.

The adapter panels on Apollo 9 were jettisoned in earth orbit before the S-IVB burned into an earth escape trajectory. They eventually decayed.

U.S.S.R./Russian Federation

The Soviet Union or the Russian Federation has placed in heliocentric orbit:

European Space Agency (ESA)

The European Space Agency has placed in heliocentric orbit:

Japan

Japan has placed in heliocentric orbit:

China

China has placed in heliocentric orbit:

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.